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By: Brady Fairbanks Indian Country
Indian Country • Encompasses reservations • It includes all land within the limits of an Indian reservation under the jurisdiction of the United States government • All dependent Indian communities • All Indian allotments still in trust, whether they are located within reservations or not
Indian Country • Congress enacted the General Allotment Act of 1887 • Purposes of Dawes Act: • Break up tribal governments, abolish the reservations and to civilize the Native peoples
Three basic land holdings in Indian Country • Tribal trust lands=largest category of Indian land, are held in trust by the U.S. Government for the use of a tribe • Allotted trust lands=are held in trust for the use of individual Indians • Fee lands=are held by an owner, whether Indian or not
Leech Lake Indian Country • My reservation basically was broken up during the dawes act • My tribe went from having all the land in northern Minnesota to just having 21,507 acres. • Not all of our land is Indian owned and there are non Natives that live on the reservation
http://tribaljurisdiction.tripod.com/id7.html • http://indiancountryconservancy.org • http://www.llojibwe.org/ • Definitions of “Indian Country” (online reading)