Possible Treatment for Reversing Emphysema By Livia Tiba Halosense.com
Glossary • What is Emphysema • Lung Anatomy & Physiology • Lung Comparisons • What Are The Causes • WHO is the Risk • Symptoms of Emphysema • Diagnosis • Treatment • Worldwide Mortality Rate
What is Emphysema Emphysema is a chronic lung disease that is caused by damage to the alveoli, the tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. • COPD for short. • COPD is generally a combination of Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis both with varying degrees. • It is a progressive disease of the lungs. • The alveoli (air sacs) are irreversibly damaged causing breathing to become difficult. • There is no cure
LUNG ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY The function of the lungs is to Oxygenate our blood by removing Carbon Dioxide and replacing it with Oxygen.
What Are The Causes MOST COMMON • Smoking (#1 cause) • Prolonged exposure to second hand smoke • Chemical fumes • Dust • Air pollution
WHO IS AT RISK? • Emphysema effects both men and women. • Usually does not appear until the sixties. • But the disease can appear as early as forty depending on certain factors. • Any ethnic group can develop emphysema. • One exception is the inherited form that mainly effects European Caucasians.
SYMPTOMS OF EMPHYSEMA • Coughing with or without phlegm (sometimes referred to as “smokers cough”) • Dyspnea (shortness of breath) • Trouble catching one’s breath • Fatigue • Wheezing • Barrel- like distended chest • Lethargy or difficulty concentrating • Difficulty sleeping
DIAGNOSIS • Chest X – ray • Blood test • Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) • Lung Function Test also called Pulmonary Function Test or PFT (most common)
Treatment • STOP smoking (if you smoke) • Bronchodilators (inhalers) • Ex. Atrovent, Spiriva, Serevent, Foradil, and Albuterol • Anti-inflammatory medication • Ex. Singulair and Roflimulast • Antibiotics • Oxygen therapy • Pulmonary rehabilitation • Conserve energy, improve stamina, and reduce breathlessness • Surgery Other things include • Avoid being around smoke and other irritants • Avoiding the cold
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