naturalistic observation project n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Naturalistic Observation Project PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Naturalistic Observation Project

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Naturalistic Observation Project - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 99 Views
  • Uploaded on

Naturalistic Observation Project. Due Weds March 5 th 40 Points. Nat. Obs. Hypothesis. Girls tend to participate in class more than boys Freshman seem to be neater in the café than upperclassmen Football fans enjoy more violent plays than non violent

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Naturalistic Observation Project' - salene


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
naturalistic observation project

Naturalistic Observation Project

Due Weds March 5th

40 Points

nat obs hypothesis
Nat. Obs. Hypothesis
  • Girls tend to participate in class more than boys
  • Freshman seem to be neater in the café than upperclassmen
  • Football fans enjoy more violent plays than non violent
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOxxQYBNJ3A
basic research
Basic Research
  • Basic- Pure research. Research for research’s sake.
    • “What types of environments are emotionally comforting to people?”
    • “How does caffeine effect the nervous system?”
  • Stays in the lab
applied research
Applied Research
  • Taking basic research and using it in the real world to solve every day problems.
    • “How can hospitals be designed to make patients more comfortable?”
    • “What kinds of caffeine guidelines can we give teens?”

*Used by: Advertising, Marketing, Architecture

all research must be
All research MUST BE:
  • Valid- Test what its supposed to test?
  • Reliable- Repeatable, can be done again
  • Unbiased- In every way! (limit confounding variables!)
types of studies
Types of Studies
  • Cross- sectional- Studyingthe same issue across many different groups.
    • Cultures, races, religions, regions
  • Longitudinal- Studying the same group of subjects over a period of time.
    • See changes over time
phineas gage
Phineas Gage
  • Work accident
  • Tamping rod through brain.
  • Case Study on traumatic brain injuries.
  • Localization of brain function
  • Personality CHANGED!
genie
Genie
  • Language acquisition and Cognition
  • Experiments
  • Nurturing environment
kitty genovese
Kitty Genovese
  • Raped in a city in the middle of the day.
  • Over 30 people heard her cries.
  • No one called 911
  • “Bystander Effect”
benefits and drawbacks of research
Benefits and Drawbacks of Research
  • Experiment
  • Case Study
  • Survey
  • Naturalistic Observation
experiment
Experiment

Advantages Drawbacks

  • Can be replicated over and over.
  • Looks at “Cause and Effect”, what happens if I do this?
  • It allows for precise control.
  • Most experiments are not conducted in “real life” situations and are artificial.
  • It is also NOT possible to control ALL variables. 
case study
Case Study
  • Allow for a lot of detail to be seen.
  • Usually done on “rare cases” such as Phineas Gage, (not a lot of people like him).

Advantages Drawbacks

  • Hard for the data gained to be applied to the entire population.
  • Many case studies are not “scientific” therefore can lack credible data.
  • Cause v Effect is difficult to draw from Case Studies.
survey
Survey
  • Can get large amounts of data, large population of people sampled.
  • Generally low cost.
  • Easy to gather information.

Advantages Drawbacks

  • Inflexible, if something is wrong you cannot change it half way through.
  • Not good for controversial issues, “Is gay marriage a denial of American Rights?”
naturalistic observation
Naturalistic Observation
  • Do not need to worry about manipulating or creating bias.
  • Situation has not been initiated or created by the experimenter.

Advantages Drawbacks

  • Generally have little control over a situation, “natural setting”.
  • Can be difficult to establish what “caused” the behavior, (no control).
5 steps to quality surveys
5 Steps to Quality Surveys
  • 1. Clearly define the purpose of your online survey
    • What is the goal of this survey?
    • Why are you creating this survey?
  • 2. Keep the questions simple
    • Be specific and direct
  • 3. Use closed ended questions whenever possible
    • Yes or No answers
  • 4. Pre–test your survey
    • Find the Bias or errors
  • 5. Consider your audience when sending survey invitations
    • When, where, why?
create y our o wn survey
Create Your Own Survey
  • Directions: In groups of 2 or 3 people, please create your own survey on a topic related to GHS.
  • Please have 5-8 quality questions.
  • It is your choice how you want to design responses, (multiple choice, true false, scale etc.)
  • When you are done, find another group of students and have them complete your survey!
5 steps to quality surveys1
5 Steps to Quality Surveys
  • 1. Clearly define the purpose of your online survey
    • What is the goal of this survey?
    • Why are you creating this survey?
  • 2. Keep the questions simple
    • Be specific and direct
  • 3. Use closed ended questions whenever possible
    • Yes or No answers
  • 4. Pre–test your survey
    • Find the Bias or errors
  • 5. Consider your audience when sending survey invitations
    • When, where, why?