The Last Supper Painting Painted by Leonardo da Vinci Not a photograph or painting of the real table and disciples at Pesach. In the Renaissance John was considered a younger disciple and was painting a young boy. The painting uses “sacred geometry” used by the Greeks and by Renaissance painters.
The Second Sacrament The Lord’s Supper is a Sacrament because Christ told us to remember His life and death on the cross. A sacrament is a sacred requirement for churches as commanded by Jesus Himself for His disciples and thereby for the church to follow The Lord’s Supper and Baptism are the two sacraments of our church and of most Protestant churches The Lord’s Supper initially took place at Pesach (Passover)
Pesach - Passover Passover was a celebration when the angel of death “passed over” the first-born sons of Jewish families in Egypt and killed the ones who did not sprinkle blood on their doorposts. Pesach beings on the 15th of the Jewish month of Nissan which is not a car but is the first month equal to our January. Today (Sept. 24, 2006) is the third day of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. Passover is a very important holiday in Jewish families and a time for families to get together and share an specific meal prepared for them in remembrance that God miraculously saved their first-born sons. Jesus was celebrating Pesach (Passover) with his disciples at The Lord’s Supper.Passover)
Pesach – Passover Meal and Words Many things eaten at Passover were symbols of what happened to the nation of Israel in Egypt The Haggadah (“telling”) provides the order for the Passover Seder The celebration of freedom of the Jews from slavery in Egypt occurs near the time of Easter in the spring Many things said at Passover came from the tradition of what happened in Egypt as well as a picture of future events to come in Christ’s death. Part of the meal includes a review of the 10 plagues that befell Egypt
Pesach – Passover Meal Matzah – unleavened bread originally made by hand for thousands of years but today more like a cracker Holes in Matzah are a symbol of the crucifixion and stripes are a symbol of the stripes laid on Jesus Charoset – mixture of apples (or figs and dates), walnuts or raisins with cinnamon – a symbol of the mortar for the bricks Horseradish or Bitter Herbs (moror) – symbol of the bitterness of slavery of the Jews under Egypt Roasted Egg – reminder of the Temple Holiday Sacrifice and a symbol of life Salt Water – symbolizes the blood of the first Passover lamb, and tears shed by Israel’s slaves as well as the closing of the Red Sea Gefilte fish balls – reminder of the Sea of Galilee and the Mediterranean Sea Z’roa – shank bone from a lamb offered in the Temple in Jerusalem which is a symbol for Jesus, the Lamb of God
Pesach – Events Cup of wine set out for Elijah Tradition in Judaism says that when Elijah appears again, it is time for the coming of Moshiach or the Messiah There are two prophets mentioned in Revelation and it is believed by many that one of them is Elijah Hallel – singing of praise songs 4 Questions asked – first and most famous question is “Why is this night different from all other nights?” – even more compelling with Christ (“Y’shua”, form of the name Joshua) asking this question to his disciples on the eve of his arrest and trials Ends with final prayer and a hope for the Messiah – Next year in Jerusalem!
Passover and Crucifixion The Old Testament is Christ “concealed” and the New Testament is Christ “revealed”. The Passover lamb was customarily slain at 3:00 PM on Passover and the shofar (ram’s horn) was blown; Jesus said “it is finished” on the cross at 3:00 PM on Friday. The three matzahs in the Passover Seder meal which are a symbol for Father, Son and Holy Spirit; the middle matzah was broken – Jesus broke the middle matzah and said, “This is my body, broken for you.” Leaven (yeast) is a symbol of sin and Jesus who removes the “leaven” is our sin-bearer The middle matzah is striped and pierced just as Jesus was striped and pierced.
Passover and Resurrection The matzah later in the Passover Seder is then wrapped in a white cloth and linen, just as Christ is wrapped in linen and laid in the tomb. The middle matzah is removed and broken, and the larger piece is called “afikoman” which means “comes later” The Afikoman is hidden, or buried to be found later on for a reward. The Festival of Unleavened Bread starts at sunset at which the Jews would take some of the grain – the “first fruits” of the harvest – to the Temple to offer as a sacrifice. The priest would wave the sheaf brought as the firstfruits of grain on the day after the Sabbath (Leviticus 23: 10) The lamb was sacrificed on the day after the Sabbath (Leviticus 23:11) Jesus was in the grave and rose up from the dead as the firstfruits of them that slept (1 Cor. 15:20)
Lord’s Supper Just as the Jews put blood on their doors of their homes, we must allow God to see the blood of the Lamb, Y’shua our Savior at the door of our hearts! Jesus proclaimed that the Passover meal was a symbol for Himself and that was instituting the New Covenant The Body of Christ – symbolized by the bread/matzah The Blood of Christ – symbolized by the grape juice