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Social Process Theories PowerPoint Presentation
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Social Process Theories

Social Process Theories

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Social Process Theories

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    1. Social Process Theories Criminology 2009

    3. Social Control Theory: Definition: all people have the potential to violate the law. It is those with self-control & a commitment to conformity that end up obeying laws. People without self-control end up committing crime. According to the theory: criminals have a weak self-image, damaged ego, and are immune from any social control.

    4. Travis Hirschi: Causes of Delinquency Social Control theorist claim that criminals have few SOCIAL BONDS that include: Attachment Commitment Involvement Belief

    5. Attachment: Refers to a persons sensitivity to and interest in others. Parents, peers, and schools are the important social institutions with which a person should maintain ties.

    6. Commitment: Involves the time, energy and effort spent on ones education, career, general success and future goals. Lack of commitment to conventional values associated with education, careers, etc., the more likely a someone is to turn to a life of crime.

    7. Involvement: Heavy involvement in conventional activities leaves little time for illegal behavior. Activities can include: school extracurriculars, sports teams, community organizations, religious groups, social clubs, etc.

    8. Belief: Criminals do not share in a common belief system of morals and because of this, are more likely to commit crime. Common moral beliefs may include: sharing, sensitivity to the rights of others, admiration of the legal code, etc.

    9. Social Reaction-Labeling Theory: Definition: Criminality is a function of a destructive social interaction and a stigma (label) that is put on an individual that makes them more prone to committing a crime.

    10. The Labeling Process: