by Marek Mikuš 7 th semester Institute of Ethnology Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Charles University, Prague.
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Institute of Ethnology
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts
Charles University, Prague
Presentation on:Seyla Benhabib, The Claims of Culture. Equality and Diversity in the Global Era(Preface, Chapters 1-2) 2002, Princeton, USA: Woodstock, UK: Princeton University Press.
„What does a political philosopher do? To be a
political philosopher is more a vocation than a career. We can be in our universities, and in some context one can be a journalist, one can be a human rights activist, but basically I would say that it is a vocation for thinking about the political. Not just day-to-day
politics, but about the phenomenon of the political, that all communities of any degree of complexity
organize themselves according to certain principles of justice, equality, reciprocity, and authority.“
Source: Conversations with History, Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley.
“(…) as long as these pluralist structures (multiple legal, jurisdictional etc. systems for multiple groups – note by mm) do not violate three normative conditions, they can be quite compatible with a universalist deliberative democracy model. I call these the conditions of egalitarian reciprocity, voluntary self-ascription, and freedom of exit and association (…)“
p. 19, original emphasis
“Political society is not neutral between those who value remaining true to the culture of our ancestors and those who might want to cut loose in the name of some individual goal of self-development. It might be argued that one could after all capture a goal like survivance for a proceduralist liberal society. One could consider the French language, for instance, as a collective resource that individuals might want to make use of, and act for its preservation, just as one does for clean air or green spaces. But this can't capture the full thrust of policies designed for cultural survival. It is not just a matter of having the French language for those who might choose it. (...). But it also involves making sure that there is a community of people here in the future that will want to avail itself of the opportunity to use the French language.”
Charles Taylor on Canadian bilingualism
The Politics of Recognition. In: Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, edited by Amy Gutmann. 1994, Princeton University Press, pp. 58-59.