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Breast Self Exam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Breast Self Exam. Detects the majority of breast abnormalities Potentially life-saving Monthly exam, at end of menses Start in front of mirror. Inspect for:. Skin changes Redness Visible bumps Nipple crusting Symmetry. Raise Arms Up. Breasts should rise evenly

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breast self exam
Breast Self Exam
  • Detects the majority of breast abnormalities
  • Potentially life-saving
  • Monthly exam, at end of menses
  • Start in front of mirror
inspect for
Inspect for:
  • Skin changes
  • Redness
  • Visible bumps
  • Nipple crusting
  • Symmetry
raise arms up
Raise Arms Up
  • Breasts should rise evenly
  • Watch for dimpling or retraction
feel for lumps
Feel for Lumps
  • Raise the arm
  • Feel with opposite hand
  • Feel for a “marble in a bag of rice”
use the middle of your fingers
Use the Middle of Your Fingers
  • Fingertips are too sensitive (all breasts are somewhat lumpy)
  • Palm is too insensitive
  • Middle portion of fingers is just right
move your hand in small circles
Move your hand in small circles
  • Stay in one place
  • Press in while circling with your hand
  • Feel for thickenings the size of a marble
then move to another location
Then move to another location
  • Work your way around the breast in a clockwise fashion, using small circles of the hand as you go.
  • Make sure the entire breast is felt.
the tail of the breast
The “Tail” of the Breast
  • Breast is not perfectly round.
  • A “Tail” of breast tissue normally extends into the armpit.
  • Make sure to feel for lumps in that portion of the breast.
feel the armpit
Feel the Armpit
  • Use the same circular motions.
  • Feel for breast lumps and lymph nodes.
  • Normal lymph nodes cannot be felt.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes are about the size of a pencil eraser, but longer and thinner.
try to express nipple discharge
Try to Express Nipple Discharge
  • Strip the ducts towards the nipple.
  • Normally, one or two drops of clear, milky or green-tinged secretions.
  • Should not be bloody or in large quantity, squirting out or staining the inside of a bra.
now check the other side
Now Check the Other Side
  • Follow same maneuvers.
  • Raise the arm above your head.
  • Feel for lumps or masses.
have a professional breast exam each year
Have a Professional Breast Exam Each Year
  • Basically the same maneuvers
  • Ask questions
mammograms
Mammograms
  • Age 40-50: Every other year
  • Over Age 50: Annually
  • Might be more often in special circumstances such as breast problems, family history of breast cancer.
if you find something in your breast
If you find something in your breast...
  • Don’t panic.
  • Most (90%) of breast lumps are benign.
  • Do see a physician or other qualified health care provider right away.