Modal Auxiliaries . Chapter three . Modal Auxiliaries . They are (can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would) They don’t use normal verb tense endings. They create special meaning. Their meanings change according to the context. .
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-would you please help me with the luggage?
-hey Sara! Can you help me?
May I sit here?
Could: (formal and informal). Not normally used in answers:
Could I use your pen? Yes, you can.
Can I take this chair? Yes, you can.
Most people can get a credit card.
Why can’t Ali work?
I couldn’t hear what she said.
-Our company is able to ship products worldwide.
They train should be here at 9:00.
Ought to seldom occurs in questions or negative statements: (often in speech)
You ought to find a job as soon as possible.
-you should not be absent.
-you ought to attend class regularly.
-you must have a driving license in order to drive.
- I had to take the test yesterday because it was my last chance.
-May: never appears in questions about possibilities.
-Might: rarely appears in questions.
-Could: appears less often.
These modals show surprise and shock:
It can’t be five o’clock!
John walks five miles a day. He must enjoy walking.
He must not have enough money to ride the bus.