Wilbur and Orville Wright. How They Invented the Airplane By Michael Aiken May, 2005. Wilbur and Orville Wright. -Wilbur Wright (shown on the left) was born on April 16, 1867 in Millville, Indiana -Orville Wright (shown on the right) was born on April 19, 1871 in Dayton, Ohio. .
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How They Invented the Airplane
By Michael Aiken
-Wilbur Wright (shown on the left) was born on April 16, 1867 in Millville, Indiana
-Orville Wright (shown on the right) was born on April 19, 1871 in Dayton, Ohio.
The brothers built bicycles and plane parts here. Another thing they constructed was a wind tunnel.
They also built many test wings out of wax, iron, and steel at different angles and sizes for test purpose.
“We knew that men had by common consent adopted human flight as the standard of impossibility. When a man said,’It can’t be done, a man might as well learn to fly,’ as he was understood as expressing the final limit of impossibility.”
1. Wings that provide lift
2. A power plant to propel it
3. Means of control
They needed a testing ground for their planes. The U.S. Weather Bureau recommended Kitty Hawk, North Carolina: A windy site with stretches of sandy beaches.
The 1900 Wright glider had a17 ft. wingspan and a light wooden frame covered with sateen. The brothers would fly the gliders like kites. Since there is much wind, the lift causes the plane to rise above the ground.
The 1901 glider crashed when it spun out of control. In 1902, the brothers used a wind tunnel for testing wing and propeller design by running air over each.
As the leading edge of the wing tilts up, air moves faster over the top of the wing, increasing lift, making wind rise.
The brothers knew that they had to have a curved wing since the wing would slice through the air. They also knew that the propellers would have to have the right diameter, pitch, and area.
There were two propellers on all the Wright Fliers and they turned in opposite directions to keep the plane stabilized. The propellers were connected to the motor through a sprocket-and-chain transmission, like the kind used to pull a bicycle.
The Wrights needed an engine that produced at least 8 horsepower and weighed under 200 pounds. Luckily, they found an amazing engine that exceeded both qualities.
Their engine was state-of-the-art. It was made by Charlie Taylor. This engine produced 12 horsepower and only weighed 179 pounds. It was considered remarkable and helped the Wright Brothers achieve success.
The 1903 Wright Flier was a product of the tests that the brothers did in 1902. On their third try, Wilbur flew for 12 seconds. It was the first time anyone had been in flight.
Wing-warping: to adjust the position of the wings to balance the plane after turning
The 1903 Flier had ailerons. They were devices that helped control the plane. Ailerons looked like flaps at the ends of the wings that could control dives and climbs.
The 1905 Wright Flier was tested in Huffman Prairie, Ohio. It’s longest flight was 39 minutes. It weighed over 700 pounds and was thought of as the “First Practical Airplane.
The brothers biplanes tended to spin out of control. They fixed this problem by adding ailerons. The Wright brothers also made the plane turn by installing a spiral twist running down the wings.
After all the inventing, the Wrights took a tour in Europe in 1906-1908, demonstrating their invention. In 1909, they returned to America.
Wilbur died on May 30, 1912 from typhoid fever at the age of 45. Orville died on January 27, 1948. All of their planes that survived their purposes are currently inside the Smithsonian Institution’s Air and Space Museum.
The Wright Brothers Memorial was constructed after the Wright Brothers had died. The Memorial is meant to honor the Wrights for their remarkable achievements in flight.
Hi. I’m Michael Aiken, the author of this project. The things that I enjoy most are soccer and backpacking. My favorite foods are pizza, chicken, and cheeseburgers. Most people know me for my humorous jokes and my inability to take anything seriously.