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A Deep Look at Agile Certifications

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  1. A Deep Look at Agile Certifications Richard Cheng Tony Solomita Agile Center of Excellence

  2. Introduction Tony Solomita Agile Center of Excellence

  3. Introduction Richard K Cheng Agile Center of Excellence

  4. Certifying Bodies 4

  5. The Agile Manifesto “Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Responding to change over following a plan That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more. “ - The Agile Manifesto

  6. Agile Principles Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for the customer's competitive advantage. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale. Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project. Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation. Working software is the primary measure of progress. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility. Simplicity--the art of maximizing the amount of work not done--is essential. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.

  7. Agile Principles • Satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery • Welcome changing requirements • Deliver frequently, preferring a shorter timescale • Business & technical work together daily • Pick the right team & trust them • Face-to-Face Communication • Working software is the primary measure of progress • Sustainable pace • Technical excellence and good design enhances agility • Simplicity, maximizing the amount of work not done • Best results emerge from self-organizing teams • The team regularly reflects to become more effective

  8. Agile Methodologies

  9. Project Management Institute • Most recognized project management certification organization • One Agile certification available • PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) • Developed by Agile thought leaders • Just completed pilot program • Pilot exams began in October • Pilot ended November 30, 2011 • Results send out January 9, 2012 • PMI-ACP testing begins January 31, 2012

  10. PMI-ACP • Requirements • General Project Management Experience – 2000 hours within last 5 years.  If you have an active PMP, you meet this requirement. • Agile Project Management Experience – 1500 hours within last 2 years. • Agile Project Management Education – 21 contact hours. • Application • Exam – Application must be approved. • Maintenance – 30 PDU's every 3 years. These hours count towards fulfilling PMP requirements as well. • Costs • $435 for member, $495 for non-member to take exam. • Cost of classes/seminars (~$1500) before exam and after for maintenance. 10

  11. PMI-ACP Exam Pilot • 120 questions, 20 pretest questions that are thrown out • Passing scored not yet published • Unofficial numbers (from LinkedIn PMI-ACP group): • 7654 Applications Opened • 1404 Applications Submitted • 827 Exam Applicants Paid • 557 Exams Taken • 515 PMI-ACP Certificates awarded during the Pilot Program 11

  12. Exam Results 12

  13. Official Reference Agile Estimating and Planning Mike Cohn ISBN #0131479415 The Art of Agile Development James Shore ISBN #0596527675 User Stories Applied: For Agile Software Development Mike Cohn ISBN #0321205685 Agile Project Management with Scrum Ken Schwaber ISBN #073561993X Lean-Agile Software Development: Achieving Enterprise Agility Alan Shalloway, Guy Beaver, James R. Trott ISBN #0321532899 Agile Retrospectives: Making Good Teams Great Esther Derby, Diana Larsen ISBN #0977616649 Agile Software Development: The Cooperative Game – 2nd Edition Alistair Cockburn ISBN #0321482751 The Software Project Manager’s Bridge to Agility Michele Sliger, Stacia Broderick ISBN #0321502752 Coaching Agile Teams Lyssa Adkins ISBN #0321637704 Agile Project Management: Creating Innovative Products – 2nd Edition Jim Highsmith ISBN #0321658396 Becoming Agile: ...in an imperfect world Greg Smith, Ahmed Sidky ISBN #1933988258 13

  14. Content Distribution 14

  15. Tools & Techniques (50%) *source Jesse Fewell PMI-ACP Prep 15

  16. Knowledge & Skills (50%) 16

  17. Helpful references Scrum Guide http://www.scrum.org/scrumguides/ PMI-ACP Web Page http://www.pmi.org/en/Certification/New-PMI-Agile-Certification.aspx LinkedIn PMI-ACP Exam Prep Study Group http://www.linkedin.com/groups/PMI-Agile-Certified-Practitioner-PMIACP-3809643 PMI Agile Community of Practice http://agile.vc.pmi.org Agile Exams http://www.agileexams.com/ Blog Post - PMI-ACP (Agile Certified Practitioner) Study Tips http://agiletraining.com/2011/09/24/pmi-acp-agile-certification-exam-study-tips/ 17

  18. Scrum Alliance CSM Certified Scrum Master CST Certified Scrum Trainer CSPO Certified Scrum Product Owner CSP Certified Scrum Professional CSC Certified Scrum Coach CSD Certified Scrum Developer 18

  19. SA - Certified Scrum Master (CSM) 19 • Program started in 2002 • Requirements • Two day class • Online evaluation • 135,551 students have taken the class (8/31/11) • Over 95,000 CSMs (7/21/11) • Costs • Class costs $1000~$1600 • $50 renewal fee every two years

  20. SA - Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO) 20 • Program started in 2007 • Requirements • Two day class • 16,950 students have taken the class (8/31/11) • Over 10,000 active CSPOs (as of 7/21/11) • Costs • Class costs $1000~$1600 • $50 renewal fee every two years

  21. SA - Certified Scrum Developer (CSD) 21 • Program started in 2010 • Requirements • Five days of training • Three days of technical training • Two day of Scrum training (CSM or CSPO will qualify) • Formal assessment • Application • 980 students have taken the CSD class (8/31/11) • Over 250 active CSDs (7/21/11) • Costs • Training costs $2000+ • $150 fee after application has been approved • After two years, must go through application and approval process again

  22. Scrum Alliance CSM Certified Scrum Master CST Certified Scrum Trainer CSPO Certified Scrum Product Owner CSP Certified Scrum Professional CSC Certified Scrum Coach CSD Certified Scrum Developer 22

  23. SA - Certified Scrum Professional (CSP) • Program started in 2002 • Used to be called Certified Scrum Practitioner • 1862 CSPs (12/31/11) • Requirements • Active CSM, CSPO, or CSD • 2000 hours of Scrum related work in the past two years* • Maintain a current Scrum Alliance membership* • 150 question 3 hour exam (80% passing score)* • PDUs will be introduced sometime prior to 2013* • Costs • $300 fee once eligibility is confirmed (if you do not pass the exam, you can re-take after 3 months)* • Renewal every two years (PDUs to be introduced sometime prior to 2013)* • Renewal of CSP automatically renews your lower level certifications (CSM, CSPO, CSD) • Resources* • CSP Candidate handbook, http://scrumalliance.org/resources/2733 • 35 question practice exam ($20), https://www.castleworldwide.com/castleweb/candidates/purchase-test/purchase-practice-test.aspx?userid=&package_id=10865 *new as of January 1, 2011 23

  24. CSP Exam 24

  25. SA - Certified Scrum Coach (CSC) • Program started in 2007 • Requirements • Active CSP • 1500 hours of Scrum coaching over the past five years • Two client references • Three years of contribution to the Scrum community • Application • Certification Review Committee recommendation • Scrum Alliance Board approval • Total count 47 (as of 12/31/2011) • Costs • $100 application fee • $750 per year to maintain certification • Reapply every 3 years 25

  26. Certified Scrum Trainer (CST) • Program started in 2004 • Total count 129 (as of 12/31/2011) • Requirements • Application • Course materials and exercises • At least five recommendations from current CST’s • Approval process • Costs • $250 application fee • $7500 per year to maintain certification • $50 per student taught 26

  27. 27

  28. Scrum.org • Relatively new Scrum certification organization (founded in 2009) • Founded by Ken Schwaber because… “Why did you found Scrum.org? Are you still with the Scrum Alliance?” I’ve been asked these questions countless times since I left the Scrum Alliance and created Scrum.org last fall. This is the story of my journey with Scrum, starting with its creation, moving through the establishment and evolution of the Scrum Alliance, and ending with my work with Scrum.org. This journey has been shaped by two opposing forces: the desire to do the right thing, and the desire to make money. I formed Scrum.org to refocus my efforts on doing the right thing. • Strong Microsoft backing • Five different Scrum certifications available • Professional ScrumMaster I • Professional ScrumMaster II • Professional Scrum Product Owner I • Professional Scrum Product Owner II • Professional Scrum Developer 28

  29. Scrum.org 29

  30. Scrum.org - Professional Scrum Master 30

  31. Scrum.org - Professional Scrum Master I 31 • Program started in 2009 • Requirements • Fundamental understanding of Scrum • 60 minute exam – 85% is a passing grade • Costs • $100 fee to take the exam (one time only) • Professional Scrum Foundations course, ~ $1000-$1400 (not required)

  32. Scrum.org - Professional Scrum Master II 32 • Program started in 2009 • Requirements • Active Professional Scrum Master I • Intermediate understanding of Scrum • 120 minute exam – 85% is a passing grade • Costs • $500 fee to take the exam (one time only) • Professional Scrum Master course, ~ $1000-$1600 (not required)

  33. Scrum.org - Professional Scrum Product Owner 33

  34. Scrum.org – Professional Scrum Product Owner I • Program started in February 2011 • Requirements • Professional Scrum Product Owner course (two days) • 60 minute exam – 85% is a passing grade • Costs • Professional Scrum Product Owner course, ~ $1000 34

  35. Scrum.org – Professional Scrum Product Owner II • Program started in February 2011 • Requirements • Active Professional Scrum Product Owner I • 120 minute exam – 85% is a passing grade • Costs • $500 fee to take the exam (one time only) 35

  36. Scrum.org – Professional Scrum Developer • Program started in late 2009 • Requirements • Five day course • Java and .NET tracks • 60 minute exam – 90% is a passing grade • Costs • Professional Scrum Developer course, ~ $2500 36

  37. Scrum.org 37

  38. International Consortium for Agile (ICAgile) 38 • Relatively new Agile certification organization (launched late 2009) • Founded by Alistair Cockburn, Ahmed Sidky and Ash Rofail • Three different Agile certifications available • Certified ICAgile Professional • ICAgile Expert • Master Agilist

  39. ICAgile 39

  40. Certified ICAgileProfessional (CIP) • 774 CIPs (as of 1/19/2012) • Requirements • Fundamentals of Agile course (two or three days) • Costs • Fundamentals of Agile course, ~ $1000-$1600 40

  41. ICAgile Expert • Five specialty tracks • Agile Business Analysis and Value Management • Agile Project Management • Agile Facilitation and Coaching • Agile Software Design and Programming • Agile Software Testing • Requirements • Pick a track, attend courses (topics), receive topic certifications • Attend several classes on a track to apply for Expert certification • Cost • Classes cost ~$1000-$1500 • Several classes needed for Expert certification • Overall cost ??? 41

  42. ICAgile Expert – Example* Janet Marqueson ICAgileCIP, 2011 ICAgileTesting Certification, 2011 ICAgileTest Automation Certification, 2012 ICAgileExpert: Testing, 2012 *from ICAgile.com 42

  43. Master Agilist • Requirements • Show evidence of having learned multiple approaches to your work, either a second methodology or alternative techniques within the specialty. • Provide a portfolio of work, references, and arrange for a preliminary screening. • Perform work in front of a panel of experts. • Cost • ??? 43

  44. ICAgile Master Agilist – Example* Janet Marqueson ICAgileCIP, 2011 ICAgileTesting Certification, 2011 ICAgileTest Automation Certification, 2012 ICAgileExpert: Testing, 2012 Master Agilist, 2014 *from ICAgile.com 44

  45. Summary Agile Certifications PMI-ACP • PMI Agile certification • Test based ICAgile • New offering, very preliminary structure • Specialized focus Scrum Certifications Scrum Alliance Most widely recognized Scrum certifications Entry levels are class based Scrum.org PSM based on assessment without required class Assessment based 45

  46. Contact Information Richard K Cheng richard.cheng@excella.com 703-967-8620 http://www.Excella.com/blogs/richardcheng http://www.OneMoreAgileBlog.com Twitter: @RichardKCheng Tony Solomita tony.solomita@excella.com 703-629-5853 46