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Nixon to the Present. Richard M. Nixon (1969-1974): Republican. July 20, 1969: Apollo 11 with Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong land on the moon. Visits Communist China and the USSR (1972)

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richard m nixon 1969 1974 republican
Richard M. Nixon (1969-1974): Republican
  • July 20, 1969: Apollo 11 with Michael Collins, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong land on the moon.
  • Visits Communist China and the USSR (1972)
  • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) 1972: Signed with Leonid Brezhnev. Limits the number of nuclear weapons both sides can have.
  • Ends Vietnam War (1973)
nixon continued
Nixon continued
  • Stagflation: stagnant economy with increasing inflation (failed to deal with)
  • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): U.S. supported Israel in 1973 Yom Kippur War against its Arab neighbors. OPEC puts oil embargo on U.S. that caused economic recession, inflation, a stagnant economy, unemployment, higher gas prices, gas rationing and the 55 MPH speed limit.
nixon continued1
Nixon continued
  • Watergate (1972-1974)
    • June 17, 1972: 5 men caught breaking into the Democratic Party HQ at the Watergate Complex. All five are associated with the Nixon administration.
    • June 23, 1972: Nixon orders break-in covered up. Shredded documents, paid burglars $500,000 hush money, used government agencies. If Nixon disowns the operation, he could have ended the scandal.
watergate continued
Watergate continued
  • October 1973: Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after bribery scandal. Gerald Ford becomes new Vice-President
  • July 24, 1974: Supreme Court orders Nixon to turn over tapes
  • August 5, 1974: Nixon released tape transcripts that show he ordered the cover-up on June 23, 1972
  • August 8, 1974: Nixon announces his resignation
gerald ford administration 1974 1977 republican
Gerald Ford Administration 1974-1977: Republican
  • September 8, 1974: Ford gives Nixon a full pardon
  • Stagflation: Ford failed to deal with
  • End of Vietnam nightmare in 1975
  • Survived two female assassination attempts
jimmy carter administration 1977 1981 democrat
Jimmy Carter Administration 1977-1981: Democrat
  • Failed to deal with stagflation
  • Created Department of Energy
  • Panama Canal Treaty (1977): turned canal over to Panama on 12/31/1999
  • Iran-Hostage Crisis: November 4, 1979 – 52 Americans held for 444 days
  • USSR invades Afghanistan
    • Russia’s Vietnam
camp david accords 1978
Camp David Accords 1978
  • Anwar el-Sadat: Egypt
  • Menachem Begin: Israel
  • Jimmy Carter: USA
  • First Middle East Peace agreement
  • Israel gives back the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt and Egypt recognized Israel
reagan administration 1981 1989 republican
Reagan Administration 1981-1989: Republican
  • Reaganomics (supply-side or trickle –down economics)
    • Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): “Star Wars” missile defense system
  • March 30, 1981:
    • Reagan shot by John Hinckley Jr.
    • Hinckley not guilty by reason of insanity (trying to impress Jodi Foster)
reagan continued
Reagan continued
  • Iran-Contra Affair
  • Gorbachev reforms in USSR (Glasnost & Perestroika)
  • Sandra Day O’Connor: first woman on the Supreme Court

Winning…

george h w bush 1989 1993 republican
George H.W. Bush (1989-1993): Republican
  • Fall of communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe (end of Cold War)
  • Operation Desert Storm (1991):
    • January 16, 1991: air assault on Iraq
    • February 23-28, 1991: ground offensive against Iraq
    • Led by General Norman Schwarzkopf
    • Liberates Kuwait
bill clinton 1993 2001 democrat
Bill Clinton (1993-2001): Democrat
  • Economic Budget Boom & Surplus
  • Oklahoma City Bombing (1995): Timothy McVeigh executed
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
  • Impeachment by House & Acquittal by Senate
george w bush 2001 2009 republican
George W. Bush (2001-2009): Republican
  • 9/11 terrorist attacks
  • Department of Homeland Security & Patriot Act
  • War in Afghanistan & Iraq
barack obama 2009 democrat
Barack Obama (2009-): Democrat
  • First African-American President
  • Economic Depression
  • Health Care Reform
  • Osama Bin Laden
  • The Operation-Osama
  • Bin Laden