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Hoover vs. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Review: Why was the Great Depression challenging for many Americans?
Herbert Hoover • President at the beginning of the Great Depression in 1929 • Hoover felt like the economy would improve on its own. • He didn’t want the government to play a big role in the Great Depression or for wages to change.
Hoover’s Presidency • The economy did not get better. • People continued to lose their homes and jobs. • This caused people to start believing the government should begin helping out. • Hoover had Congress create new laws to help struggling businesses and unemployed workers. • This included loaning money to banks, railroads, and other companies. • However, these laws did not improve the whole economy.
Review • Why was Hoover so unpopular? • If you were a person living during the Great Depression, how would you feel about President Hoover? • Why does an incumbent president lose?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt • Born in New York in 1882 • Married to Eleanor Roosevelt • Democratic candidate running for President
Presidential Election 1932 • People were tired of Hoover and was ready for change. • FDR ran against Hoover in the 1932 election. • Roosevelt said, “I pledge you, I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people.”
Campaigning • Roosevelt travelled around promising government help if he won the election. • He promised that the government would create government programs to help suffering people. • Because of this, he won the 1932 election.
First 100 Days • As soon as he took office in 1933, he began work to give the American people the “New Deal” that he promised. • “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
New Deal Programs • Some gave food & shelter to those in need. • Others put people back to work. • Roosevelt felt like all of these programs would help the economy.
New Deal Programs Still in Effect • Social Security: provides money to people over the age of 65. It also helps those who have disabilities and can’t work. • Regulations: rule or law • Minimum Wage: lowest amount most workers can be paid • Protect Savings Accounts • Price Incentives: He lowered the worth of the dollar, so it would be less expensive to pay back debts. • He kept interest rates low, so it would be easier to borrow and pay back money.
Eleanor Roosevelt“Government has a responsibility to defend the weak.” • Worked hard to get everyone involved in New Deal programs. • She travelled all over to see what was going on all over the country. • Spoke out for rights of workers, African Americans, and children. • National Youth Administration: helped young people get jobs
Review • What kind of feelings do you think the New Deal programs that were introduced had on the people living during the Great Depression?