five elements of good writing
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Five Elements of Good Writing. 1. Purpose. Why are you writing? To inform To persuade To entertain Be sure you understand the assignment. Some writers create a “purpose statement” . A reminder for yourself only Not part of your paragraph or essay

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1 purpose
1. Purpose
  • Why are you writing?
    • To inform
    • To persuade
    • To entertain
    • Be sure you understand the assignment.
some writers create a purpose statement
Some writers create a “purpose statement”
  • A reminder for yourself only
  • Notpart of your paragraph or essay
    • DO NOT INCLUDE IN YOUR PARAGRAPH: In this paragraph, I will … blablabla.
2 audience
2. Audience
  • Who are they?
    • Write the kind of document they expect to see
      • How is an email to your friend different from an email to a college?
      • How is Mission Impossible different from a movie about World War II?
      • How is a cookbook different from a textbook?
person or point of view
Person (or “Point of View”)
  • First Person
    • Includes “I”
      • Use first person when you write about your personal experiences
  • Second Person
    • Includes “you”
      • DO NOT use second person when you write for college
  • Third Person
    • Includes “he/she/it/they”
      • This is the most common point of view you will use when you write for college
3 clarity
3. Clarity
  • WORD CHOICE
    • Choose descriptive, specific words
      • Avoid vague words like good, thing, bad, fun, big, small, old
    • Use the thesaurus on your computer to help you choose different, new words!
pronouns
Pronouns
  • Using the correct pronouns is a way to help your readers follow your writing.
  • Using unclear pronouns will really confuse your readers!
pronoun basics
Pronoun basics
  • Pronouns refer to the last noun that is used before the pronoun. They need to be the same in number (singular/plural) and they need to make logical sense.
example
Example:
  • If you put this handout in your notebook, you can refer to it.
    • What is the pronoun at the end of the sentence?
    • What noun does it replace?
    • How can you be sure?
another example
Another example:
  • I bought an iPod and a water bottle this weekend. It was blue.
    • What is the pronoun?
    • What noun does it replace?
    • A good rule: Don’t begin sentences with “it.” (Unless you’re talking about weather or time.)
4 unity
4. Unity
  • Make sure all the sentences in your paragraph are about the topic and the controlling idea in your topic sentence.
  • This sounds easy, but it’s normal for students to go “off topic” when they write because our brains go off topic all the time!
5 coherence
5. Coherence
  • Organize your paragraph logically.
  • Make sure the ideas connect.
  • Ways to connect ideas:
    • Logical order (time, space)
    • Repeat key (important) words
    • Use transitions
transitions
Transitions
  • Time: First, next, then, finally
  • Examples: For example, for instance
  • Compare/Contrast: in contrast, by comparison, on the other hand
  • To add information: and, next, in addition, also
  • Look in GP p. 49 and 210-213 for more!
the 5 elements of good writing are
The 5 Elements of Good Writing are:
  • Purpose
  • Audience
  • Clarity
  • Unity
  • Coherence
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