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电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 6. Instructional Objectives After this unit, we should be able to: Learn some new words and phrases; Talk about travels Learn some other listening materials. Unit 6. Vocabulary (See Page 39.) hug v. 拥抱 pout v. 噘嘴 aphasic a. 失语症的 cherish v. 钟爱、珍爱

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book 3 unit 6
电大英语听力教程 Book 3 Unit 6.

Instructional Objectives

After this unit, we should be able to:

  • Learn some new words and phrases;
  • Talk about travels
  • Learn some other listening materials.
unit 6
Unit 6.

Vocabulary (See Page 39.)

  • hug v. 拥抱
  • pout v. 噘嘴
  • aphasic a. 失语症的
  • cherish v. 钟爱、珍爱
  • endure v. 长时间地 忍受,忍耐
  • reptile n. 爬行动物
  • dinosaur n. 恐龙
  • fossil n. 化石
  • creature n. 人,动物
part one core listening
Part One Core Listening

Dialogue: Traveling in South-East Asia

  • Take time off: spare time for vacation
  • Start off: leave for, set out 出发; where did you start off: where did you go first? 你首先去往哪里?
  • Without being a New-Zealander: instead of being a New-Zealand citizen. 而不必是新西兰人
  • Raise money: to collect money, to get the money together. 筹集资金
  • Malaysia: 马来西亚
part one core listening1
Part One Core Listening

Passage 1 Heart Song 心声

Tuning In 译文:

  • 她是个聪明、快乐的小姑娘,那个伟人非常爱她。
  • 当小姑娘渐渐长大的时候,伟人会拥抱她并对告诉她,“小姑娘,我爱你!”
  • 他的长处之一就是他对家人表达爱意的能力。
  • 她对将要长期忍受的损失感到悲痛,她失去了曾经使她宽慰的爱的话语。
  • 心脏不停地跳着,始终漠不关心对身体其他部分的伤害。
part one core listening2
Part One Core Listening

Passage 1 Heart Song 心声

  • Hum: v. to produce a tune without opening the lips or forming words. 哼; hum a tune: 哼小调
  • Pout: v. to push the lips forward, esp. to show displeasure 噘嘴
  • Stroke: n. a sudden loss of brain function caused by a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel to the brain 中风
  • Aphasic: a. of loss of the ability to speak; 失语症的
  • Tears ran from both of their eyes: both of them cried.
  • She drew her arms around the useless shoulders of her father: 她伸出两臂拥抱住爸爸那毫无用处的双肩。 drew her arms: stretched, reached out her arms.
part one core listening3
Part One Core Listening

Passage 1 Heart Song 心声

  • She felt grief for the loss she was to endure, the words of love that had comforted her:她对将要长期忍受的损失感到悲痛,她失去了曾经使她宽慰的爱的话语。1. She was to endure是定语从句,修饰the loss. 2. was to do sth 是过去将来时态的用法。3. 划线部分是the loss的同位语,说明失去的是什么。
  • Steadily unconcerned about the damage: didn’t care the damage at all. 毫不在乎伤害

Remarks: Do you really think the little girl had heard her father’s heart song? Anyway, we have to admit that the ability to express one’s love to the family is important. Do you remember that Ni Ping, CCTV host, suggested every audience hug his/her family during Chinese New Year TV party?

part one core listening4
Part One Core Listening

Passage 2 Oldest Running Reptile

  • Remains: n. Ancient ruins or fossils.古代的残迹或化石, 遗骨。 Fossil ~: 遗骨化石
  • Eudibamus cursoris / Eudibamas : the oldest known member of a major group of early reptiles. It was very small, less than 28 cm long, and weighed less than ½ kg; it only ate plants. It was the oldest running reptile.
  • Reptile: n. cold blooded egg-laying animal that creeps or crawls 爬行动物; creep: 用肢体爬行。Crawl:蠕动爬行
  • It does not appear to be directly linked to more modern reptiles: 它似乎与更现代的爬行动物并无直接联系。 Appear to: seem to似乎
  • Lizard: n. 蜥蜴
  • One-half kilogram: 半公斤。Kilogram: kilo or kg
part one core listening5
Part One Core Listening

Passage 2Oldest Running Reptile

  • Recover: v. to restore (oneself) to a normal state; recovered the fossils: restored the fossils into their original state. 使化石复原。
  • position: the arrangement of body parts; posture 姿势,姿态 running ~: 奔跑姿态
  • Point: v. direct or aim; by pointing its knees forward通过膝盖向着前方
  • Sandstone: n. 砂岩
  • In what was once part of East Germany: 那里曾经是东德的地盘
  • The discovery of a complete fossil 年Germany provides strong evidence that the earth was once huge area of land:在德国发现的全部化石提供了强有力的证据,地球曾经是一片巨大的陆地。(划线部分是evidence的同位语)
  • Landmass: n. A large unbroken area of land.大片陆地
part two self assessment exercises
Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises

I. Listening Comprehension

Dialogue Travel

  • Going away for a holiday: leaving for a holiday
  • It’s all fixed up: It’s all arranged.
  • Edinburgh: n.爱丁堡(英国苏格兰首府)
  • Cottage: n. a small, single-storied house, especially in the country 村舍,小别墅
  • A package holiday: a kind of tourism arrangement by tourism agencies(旅行社安排一切的)一揽子旅游
part two self assessment exercises1
Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises

I. Listening comprehension

PassageDinosaur Deaths 恐龙之死

  • Yucatan: 尤卡坦半岛
  • The scientists plan to test rocks they believe were present when the asteroid hit the earth about 65 million years ago: 科学家们打算检验一些石头,他们认为在大约6500万年以前当小行星撞击地球时这些石头就存在。 Be present: exist
  • Clue: n. Something that serves to guide or direct in the solution of a problem or mystery. Hint, evidence 线索
  • They hope to find clues about what led to the death of dinosaurs and other creatures: 他们希望发现有关导致恐龙和其他动物死亡原因的线索。 划线部分是介词about的宾语从句
part two self assessment exercises2
Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises

I. Listening comprehension

Passage Dinosaur Deaths 恐龙之死

  • Research scientists proposed the theory that the crash of an asteroid or comet created a large cloud of dust : 科学研究者提出学说:一颗小行星或彗星的坠落造成了巨大的尘云。划线部分是同位语从句,说明theory。
part two self assessment exercises3
Part Two Self-Assessment Exercises

II. Dictation (要背诵)



part three supplementary listening
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Dialogue Travel

  • Ring: v. Call, phone, 打电话
  • Hold on: v. remain on line, keep through the phone and don’t hang up
  • Advertisement: advert, ad. 广告
  • Overland to Greece: a title of the tour arrangement, sightseeing to Greece by the way of land
  • Vacancy: n. the condition of being vacant or unoccupied. 空缺,余票
  • Yugoslavia: 南斯拉夫
  • Ostend: n. A city of northwest Belgium奥斯坦德比利时西北城市
  • Accommodations: n. Room and board; lodgings.膳宿
part three supplementary listening1
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Passage 1 Class Reunion 班级重聚

  • 令人惊奇的是,一个电话怎么能彻底搅乱一个人的生活。
  • 我在过去20年的生活里究竟做了什么成就?
  • 我去购买完美的衣服—你知道,能使我看上去年轻20岁的衣服。
  • 我意识到,我每天晚上爬楼梯时听见的可笑的嘎吱嘎吱的声音实际上是我的膝盖发出的。
  • 就在我准备认输那一刻,我七岁的儿子拍了拍我的肩膀。
part three supplementary listening2
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Passage 1 Class Reunion 班级重聚

  • Amazing: adj. Surprising, astonishing 令人惊异的
  • Upside down: a. in great disorder.
  • It had been a former high school classmate asking for help with our 20 year reunion: 那是以前高中的一个同学让帮助张罗我们的20年重聚。
  • Shudder: v. to shiver convulsively痉挛性地, as from fear; quiver; tremble; 战栗,发抖
  • Chill: n. coldness 寒战
  • Tiny beads of sweat popped out on my forehead: 小汗珠在我的前额冒了出来。
  • Crevice: n. a small furrow, wrinkle on a normally smooth surface; 皱纹
  • Patronizing: a. 神气十足的。 ~ smile lines 神气十足的笑线
part three supplementary listening3
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Passage 1 Class Reunion 班级重聚

  • No double chin yet: I don’t look fat in my face yet. 还没有双下颚
  • The next few weeks were pure hell: I experienced extremely hard time during the next few weeks.
  • Futile: a. useless, inefficient. ~ attempt: 徒劳的尝试
  • Bounce off the unsightly baggage: v. get rid of the excessive, bad-looking fat by running and leaping
  • Thigh: n. the portion of the human leg between the hip and the knee. 大腿
  • I came to my sense: I restored my normal ability to think or judge. 我恢复了理智
  • Crunching: a. of a noisy crackling sound. 吱吱嘎嘎声的
  • Bran flake: n. a cereal food; a breakfast food made from commercially processed grain such as wheat, oats, or corn.麦片
part three supplementary listening4
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Passage 1 Class Reunion 班级重聚

  • Bran flakes had become a part of my daily routine: I had eaten bran flakes for slim sake even if I might not like them.
  • Turned out the way I’d planned: changed my desired style of life
  • Working part-time as a secretary and being a mom hardly fit the definition of someone my classmates had voted as “most likely to succeed.”: 做兼职秘书和做母亲一点也不符合我的同学们公认的“最有可能成功”的人士的定义。 划线部分是someone的定语从句。
  • About the time I was ready to throw in the towel, my seven-year-old son tapped me on the shoulder: 就在我准备认输那一刻,我七岁的儿子拍了拍我的肩膀。
  • Throw in the towel:v. admit defeat; give up 认输
part three supplementary listening5
Part Three Supplementary Listening

Passage 2Harvard 哈佛大学

  • The oldest institution of higher learning: 最老的高等学府 higher learning: higher education
  • In Cambridge, Massachusetts:马萨诸塞州(麻省), 剑桥市。 注意英语先说小地名,后说大地名。In Shenzhen, Guangdong, P. R. China
  • Colony: n. a group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant territory but remain subject to or closely associated with the parent country; community;殖民地,社区
  • Puritan: n. A member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries advocated strict religious discipline along with simplification of the ceremonies and creeds of the Church of England. 清教徒: 兴起于16和17世纪的英国新教徒一派的成员
  • Anglican: a. 英国国教的
  • Program: n. A course of academic study 学术课程,学习计划
  • It is very difficult to be accepted to study there: 被录取在那里(哈佛)学习是很难的。
review unit 6
Review Unit 6
  • Recite(背诵)Tuning-In in Passage 1, Heart Song 心声, on Page 44, Guidebook III
  • Recite II. Dictation, on Page 47, Guidebook III
  • Read aloud Passage 2, Harvard 哈佛大学, on Page 49, Guide Book III repeatedly, until you can read it fluently and correctly(熟读).