An Integrated Course1 UNIT 1 A new start
《新视界大学英语 读写教程》 院校名称 北京工业大学耿丹学院 Book 1Unit 1A New Start 演示者姓名 赵然 外研社 全国高等学校大学英语教学研修班
NVCE Book 1 • Unit overview • Introduction • Teaching objectives • Teaching plan • Demo class Unit 6 What’s in fashion? 外研社 全国高等学校大学英语教学研修班
NVCE Book 1 • Teaching objectives • Able to talk about students’ university life including living conditions, library facilities, dining service, courses, study habits, after-class activities, roommates and classmates, teachers, etc. • Able to talk about students’ feelings about their university life Unit overview (5 mins) 外研社 全国高等学校大学英语教学研修班
NVCE Book 1 • Teaching plan Warm-up: 10 minutes Predicting: 5 minutes Skimming: 30 munites Reading in depth: 30 minutes Concluding: 15 minutes Unit overview (5 mins) 外研社 全国高等学校大学英语教学研修班
Warming Up Predicting Reading in Depth Assignments Skimming Concluding
Warming up (Individual Task) Please describe your own experience, using questions suggested below: 1.Have you ever you imagined what a college life is like when you were in high schools ? 2.What was your impression when you first entered the university ? 3.How well prepared are you for college life? more
(Individual Task) Look at the title of the passage and predict • what the passage is about • who wrote it • who it was written for • where you might read it • when you might read it
(Individual Task) Look at the title of the passage and predict • What can we infer from the title? • hint: • It may be about suggestions for college students. • The author didn’t know them when he was in college. • He is regretful. He wants to tell those who have just started colleges about these.
More Skimming (Group Work) Answer the questions after your skimming. 1. What advantages does university have, according to the writer? College is the best place to broaden your horizons and the best time to meet people, to work hard, to play sports, to fall in and out of love, to find out about our great big world. 2 . Why might a student sometimes not know what to do? There are too many possible choices.
Skimming More 3. Why might a student sometimes not know what to do? You should write down what you have to do and calculate how much free time you have and then plan how to use it. 4. Why did the writer feel he had to make so many friends? Because this is the best time of your life to make friends, friends who will stay friends for many years.
Skimming More 5. Why is it good to get the rhythm of the day right? You will have a balanced life with health, friends and success in your studies. 6. How old was the writer when he found a career? Late twenties/ nearly 30.
Skimming (individual work) Retell the author’s 5 suggestions in your own words.
Concluding (individual work) Ask students to make a list of 5 verbs, 5 adjectives, 5 preposition phrases that you are most interested in with examples Verbs: relieve, calculate,confess, pursue, neglect,etc. Adjectives:ambitious, crucial, frustrate, miserable, realistic, etc. Preposition phrases: be proud of, be faced with, in the first place, be likely to do sth, stay up,etc.
Concluding (individual work) Find family words for the following words: broaden, surprising, freedom, freshness, inadequate, include, basic, ambition, realistic, supportive
Assignments(individual work) Write a short essay (about 100 words) with the title 5 things I wish I’d known when I started high school
Reading Teacher’s instructions may be needed when it comes to: Words and phrases: Be proud of, relieve, horizon, be faced with, calculate, try out, assure, be likely to, confidence, inadequate, miserable, I bet, stay up, hold on, rhythm, crucial, basic, neglect, detect, confess, pursue, ambition, frustrate, realistic, decent, brilliant, basically, hand in, enjoyable, shiver
Reading Sentences: ·But faced with so much choice,... ·Looking back at my college years,... · I wish I had known about... ·...otherwise you wouldn’t be here in the first place. ·...and spend five semesters unmaking them? ·It’s almost impossible not to. ·It wasn’t until my late twenties that i finally found...
MP3 Digging Five things I wish I’d known when I started college Congratulations! You’ve worked hard and you’ve got to college. Your parents are really proud of you … relieved too, I guess. So what happens now? College is the best place to broaden your horizons and the best time to meet people, to work hard, to play sports, to fall in and out of love, to find out about our great big world. But faced withso much choice, is it surprising that you sometimes don’t know what to do? Looking back at my college years, I wish I had known about…
MP3 Digging How to organize time At last! You have the freedom which you’ve waited for while you were at high school. But now what are you going to do with it? Look at your timetable of lectures and assignments, and write down the number of hours you need. Then calculate what’s left of the day, and that’s yours, to spend on trying out everything else on offer. I can assure you, the first time you do the math, you’ll get it wrong. Hope your professor is OK with that! But the next time, you’ll get it right. You’re smart, otherwise you wouldn’t be here in the first place.
MP3 Digging How to make friends Friends you make at college are likely to remain friends all your life. So why did I make so many friends in the first semester and spend five semesters unmaking them? Because I lacked confidence and was scaredof being unloved. I also felt inadequate – everyone seemed smarter than me! I wish I’d known that it’s fairly difficult to be truly miserable at college, and that not many people are smarter. I bet you WILL make friends. It’s almost impossible not to. (Although check your personal freshness, you know what I mean.)
MP3 Digging How important it is to get enough sleep No one will tell you when to go to bed! You can stay up after midnight if you like! Hold on! I wish I’d remembered that I’d still need as much sleep as I needed when I was in high school. Get the rhythm of your day right. It may even start with a subway journey if you live off campus, and then with your first lecture or seminar. It’ll include study time in the library, and it should include some physical activity. You also need to eat, talk to friends, go to a movie, and maybe even find some quiet time for yourself. But after that, it’s crucial to get some rest! It’s a basic human need, so don’t neglect it, if only because your mom is really good at detecting when you stay up too late or cut classes.
MP3 Digging How to plan for the future When I was at school, I had so many plans for my career. But in fact, my plans changed over the years. To be quite honest, I confessit wasn’t untilmy late twenties that I finally found my true path in life. Sure, it’s a great idea to have your dreams as a freshman. So go ahead, pursue the ideal. But don’t let your ambition frustrate you. College may make you more realistic, more awarethat having a decent salary, having a warm and supportive family of your own, and being happy are equally important as a brilliant career, if not more so. I’m less ambitious than I was when I was 19, but I’m happier.
MP3 Digging How to enjoy life Basically, I thought if I just kept my head in my books, I’d be doing the right thing. But I wish I’d known that life becomes enjoyable not just by handing in assignments on time, shivering on the edge of life, but by diving into a pool of new friendships, swimming around lots of new ideas, and drying off in the warm sunshine of new experience. It’s hard to get that balance, but just keep trying. It’s worth it!
Sentence Structure 1.But faced with so much choice, is it surprising that you sometimes don’t know what to do? (Line 1, Para 3) Sentence structure：Participles as adverbials 分词作状语，可以表示时间、原因、理由、条件、让步、连续等，相当于一个状语从句。 Looking • _____________ (look) forward to next year, I think there are going to be big changes. • _____________( support) by my father, I spent the whole of the year studying. • _____________( encourage) by the results of the school leaving exam, she decided to go university. Supported Encouraged More Text
Practice Sentence Structure Faced by a global crisis like this 1) _____________________________(当面对像这样的全 球危机时)， it is difficult to know what to do. 2) _____________________________________________ (由于相信这个男孩是她班上的新生)，she invited him in. 3) ____________________________(回顾我的童年), I am convinced that naturalists are born and not made. (June. 1992, CET-4) 4) __________________________________, the writer suddenly became famous. (Jan. 1992, CET-4) Believing the boy to be a new student on her course Looking back on my childhood Having been ignored for many years Text
Sentence Structure 2. I wish I had known that it’s difficult to be truly miserable at college, …( Line 3 Para 3) I wish + past perfect • 在wish, if, if only, would rather的后面，过去完成时表示实际没有发生的过去动作或事情。 e.g. I wish I had known you earlier. I wish I had allowed myself the luxury of watching the world through my little girl’s eyes. (allow) (June. 1999, CET-4) More
Translation key Sentence Structure 主语+ wish +that +从句主语+were / 动词过去式 would rather had + 过去分词 would、could、might+ 动词原形 ｛ ｛ 如果我小时候能上大学，我会学医。 我宁愿你生活贫穷点儿。 If I had gone to university when I was young, I would have studied medicine. I would rather you had lived a poorer life. More Text
Sentence Structure 3. …I confess it wasn’t until my late twenties that I finally found my true path in life. (Line 3, Para 13) It is / was not until… that…. Until…did sb. do sth. • Rewrite the following sentences: • I didn’t get my season ticket for the buses until Wednesday. • I didn’t realize I wanted to go to university until my mid-twenties. It was not until Wednesday that I got my season ticket for the buses. Not until my mid-twenties did I realize I wanted to go to university. More
Practice key Sentence Structure • 直到那时他才意识到这个问题的重要性。 • 直到1972年我们才开始学习英语。 It was not until then that he realized the importance of the problem. Not until then did he realize the importance of the problem. It was notuntil 1972 that we began studying English. Not until 1972 did we begin studying English. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Collocation • relieve famine / traffic congestion / tension • relieve someone from / of sth. ◇ be / feel / look / seem relieved ◇ extremely / greatly / hugely relieved ◇clearly / obviously / visibly relieved 看到他又恢复理智，我总算放心了。 感到十分宽慰的是汤姆没有认出她来。 I was relieved to see that he seemed almost himself again. She was extremely relieved that Tom hadn’t recognized her. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using 1. relieve vt. To make plan or another bad physical feeling less unpleasant Translation Key 医生说这种药可减轻你的病痛。 找到表后她松了一口气。 The doctor says this drug will relieve your discomfort. She was relieved after she had found the lost watch.
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 2. broaden ①v. (～ one’s horizons) to make you see a wider range of opportunities and choices 开阔视野 ② v. to become wider 变宽；变阔 教育和经历使他眼界开阔。 Broaden his knowledge, develop his capabilities. Education and experience broaden his vision. 增益其所不能。 （出自《孟子 ·告子下》）
Words and Expressions—Word Using Word Building The suffix –en can be added to some adjectives and some nouns to form verbs with the meaning of “come to be ”or “cause to be ”. Fill in the blanks with the words given below: weak red light lightened • The taking on of a new secretary _________ his workload considerably. • In the past few years these inside conflicts have ________ the government’s position. • Before night fell, the setting sun _______ the clouds. weakened redden Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 3. calculate ① vt. to discover a number or amount using mathematics or with a piece of equipment such as a calculator 计算；核算 The computer will calculate the best route, and reserve space for the car all the way to the correct exit from the highway. (Jan. 2002, CET-4) 你计算过到美国留学的费用吗？ 计算机会计算出最佳路线，并会在正确的高速路出口前提前通知为汽车预留空间。 Have you calculated cost of studying in USA?
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 3. calculate ② vt. to make a judgment about what is likely to happen or likely to be true using the available information 估计；预测；推测 那位经济学家推测，物价或许会再次上涨。 我们预计会有大约100人参加这个会。 The economist calculated that prices may go up again. We’re calculating on about 100 people attending the meeting. More calculator Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 4.assure ①vt. (～ sb of sth; ～sb that) to tell someone that something will definitely happen or is definitely true, especially in order to remove doubt about it 向（某人）保证；使确信 我向你保证这个项目会成功。 他向我们保证他有能力工作。 I assure you of the success of the project. = I assure you that the project will succeed. He assured us of his ability to work. more
辨析： sure, ensure , assure, insure 1.I can _______ you of the reliability of the news. 2. He _______ his house against fire. 3. The scientists are making efforts to create a kind of device that can ________ the miners against accidents. 4. We are ______ to benefit from the new timetable. assure insures ensure sure 注：assure 用来指人，有“使某人放心”的意思；ensure和insure一般可互换，但在美语中只有insure是指“给人或财产保险哟方意外”的意思。 Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 5. scare vt. to make someone feel frightened or worried 使害怕；使惊恐；吓唬 我想出了一个吓跑那些顽童的办法。 他脸色惨白，看起来吓得半死。 I have got a way to scare those naughty children off. His face was white and he looked scared to death. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 6. inadequate ①adj. someone who is inadequate does not feel confident that they can deal with the situation they are in 信心不足的；不能胜任的 ② not enough or not good enough for a particular purpose 不适当的；不充分的；不够格的 面对新的工作任务时，有些人会感到无法胜任。 她的爱对他来说太美好了，他感到受之有愧。 Some people feel inadequate when they are faced with new responsibilities. Her love was to good for him, and he was inadequate.
Word formation prefix un- and in- un- able, ashamed, attractive, believable, certain, civilized, comfortable, common, conscious, expected, forgettable, happy, known, pleasant, real, reasonable, wanted, willing in- accurate,, capable, complete, convenient, dependent, effective, human, sensitive Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 7.crucial adj. Something that is crucial is extremely important because it has a major effect on the result of something 至关重要的；关键性的 所有这些学生都要培养这些技，这是至关重要的。 他在关键时刻总是随波逐流。 It is crucial that all students develop these basic skills. He follows the crowd at a crucial moment. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 8. confessv. to admit something about yourself that you would not normally tell people because you are embarrassed about it or they could be disappointed by it 承认（令人尴尬或者令人失望的事） 角落里那个男人承认自己对公司经理撒了谎。 他被当场抓住，除了招供别无出路。 The man in the corner confessed to having told a lie to the manager of the company. Caught in the act, he had no alternative but to confess. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 9. pursue vt. to try to achieve something 追求；致力于 很多学生决定在获得学士学位后继续深造。 她督促儿子从事学术。 Many students decided to pursue their studies after obtaining their bachelor’s degree. She pushed her son to pursue an academic career. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 10. frustrate vt. to make someone feel annoyed and impatient by preventing them from doing or getting something 阻扰；使烦恼；使灰心 他们使我们解决这一问题的所有努力化为泡影。 如果你给一个孩子太难解决的问题，会使他灰心失望的。 They have frustrated all our attempts to find a solution to this problem. If you give a child problems that are hard to solve, you may frustrate him. Text
Words and Expressions—Word Using Translation Key 11. aware adj. (never before noun) knowing about a situation or a fact 意识到的；知道的 Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. (June. 2001, CET-4) 你了解自己现在的处境吗？ 教练和父母们应该时刻意识到，他们对孩子的反馈会对 他们造成深刻的影响。 Are you aware of the situation you are in now? Text
Words and Expressions— Expressions Find out the active expressions: • ...to fall in love and out of love • …to spend on trying out everything else on offer. • …, otherwise you wouldn’t be here in the first place. • Friends you make at college are likely to remain friend all your life. • Because I lack confidence and was scared of being unloved. • …, if only because your mom is really good at detecting when you stay up too late or cut classes.
Words and Expressions— Expressions Translation • 首先我没有接到邀请，其次我也不想参加这个聚会。 • 约翰和艾玛有可能是在上大学时相恋的。 • 足球队员由于比赛中缺乏自信最终输掉了。 • 杰米迫不及待的想试一下他新发明的飞行器。 • 为了明天按时交作业，他不得不熬夜了。 In the first place I didn’t receive the invitation and in the second place I don’t want to take part in the party. John and Emma was likely to fall in love when they were at college. Ourfootball team lacked confidence in the match and they finally lost. Jimmy can’t wait to try out his newly invented flying machine. In order to hand in the assignment on time, hehad to stay up late.
So you’ve finished school, and are on your way to university to (1) ________ your studies that will lead to a(n) (2) ________ career. This will (3) _______ your parents who have supported you all this time and they will feel very proud too. So what do you need in order to have (4) __________ and not feel (5) __________ in those important first few weeks? Take some(6) ______ advice from someone who has already taken the first steps towards independence. University is a time to grow up, broaden your (7) _________ and make your dreams come true. basic brilliant confidence horizon inadequate pursue relieve Unfamiliar Words Complete the paragraph with the correct form of the words in the box. pursue brilliant relieve confidence inadequate basic horizons
More assure confess frustrate I bet Ideal neglect rhythm shiver 1 My mother told me to eat proper meals and not to fail to look aftermy health at university. 2 Waiting in the queue in the dining hall always makes mefeel angry. 3 Everyone makes quick small movements from side to side when they get out of the swimming pool because the changing rooms are really cold. 4 What’s the idea of the things you want to achievewhen you leave university? Unfamiliar Words Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words and expressions in the box. You may need to make other changes. neglect frustrates shivers your ideal