Jefferson’s 2nd Term as PresidentLearning Goal: Students will understand that a president’s economic policies shape his/her approval rating and future legacy. Mr. Calella AmStI(H) & USI(H)
Quick Assessment • Go m.socrative.com • Now that you did the reading homework, on a scale from 1 to 5 (A to E) rate your understanding of today’s learning goal as it pertains to Jefferson’s Embargo Act. • 1-Very shaky with the content • 2-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it • 3-Understand it and can explain it • 4-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history • 5-Can teach it • The target is a 3!
The Napoleonic Wars • What do you remember about the war between Napoleonic France and the rest of Europe? • This war causes American economy to boom. Why? • France conquers most of Europe, but not England. Why? • Economic Warfare (England vs. France) • 1806 Berlin Decree: France established the “Continental System” which prevented England from trading with mainland Europe. Why did France do this? • 1807 Orders in Council: England blockades Europe and prohibits neutral countries (e.g., U.S.) from carrying shipments of goods FROM an enemy country. Why was England able to do this?
Impressment • Impressment: forcible draft or taking of goods • British law permitted subjects of the crown to be drafted into Royal Navy during times of war • Law permitted Royal Navy to stop the ships of neutral countries and FORCIBLY DRAFT any British subject on board • British start doing this to American sailors! Why? • 1807, British ship Leopard fired upon U.S. ship Chesapeake after its captain refused to have 4 of his sailors to be impressed • American trade is certainly hurt, but what else was hurt? • How did Jefferson react? Why? Do you agree or disagree? • Learning Goal Connection: How is Jefferson’s approval rate affected?
The Embargo Act of 1807 • Jefferson felt country was not ready for war • Instead, he pushes Congress to pass the Embargo Act of 1807 • PROHIBITED U.S. FROM EXPORTING GOODS; U.S. COULD ONLY IMPORT GOODS! • Why do you think Jefferson pushed for the Act? • What effect did the Act have on the U.S. economy?
Effects of the Embargo Act • Most Americans hated the Embargo Act (see political cartoon on the wiki page) • Learning Goal Connection: How do you think the Embargo Act affected Jefferson’s approval rating as president? • Why did Federalists in New England especially hate the Embargo Act of 1807? • How do you think these Federalists felt about Jefferson? Why? • Act caused a major trade deficit (unbalanced trade), and the economy suffered • Jefferson abolished the Act during his last week in office, but his presidency ended on a sour note • Learning Goal Connection: How do you think the Embargo Act affected Jefferson’s legacy as president?
Quick Assessment • Go m.socrative.com • On a scale from 1 to 5 (A to E) rate your understanding of today’s learning goal as it pertains to Jefferson’s Embargo Act. • 1-Very shaky with the content • 2-Understand it, but may have trouble explaining it • 3-Understand it and can explain it • 4-Can use this information when analyzing similar events in history • 5-Can teach it • The target is now a 4! Did you improve from the last assessment?
Group Work for AmStI(H) • Group 1 (Handout A) • Patrick • Jenna • Julia • Group 2 (Handout A) • Brielle • Parker • George • Yazmyne • Group 3 (Handout B) • Barza • Alex • Ian • Peter • Group 4 (Handout B) • Niket • Nitin • Victoria • Brandon • Group 5 (Handout C) • Lindsey • Jasmine • Lauren • Group 6 (Handout C) • Jordan • Sydney • Jared
Group Work for USI(H) • Group 1 (Handout A) • Mike Pascal • Kelly • JT • Group 2 (Handout A) • Mike Haddad • Griffin • Matt • Bridget • Group 3 (Handout B) • Sal • Siddharth • Samantha • Group 4 (Handout B) • Caitlin • Alyssa • Navan • Group 5 (Handout C) • Jeremy • Deanna • Callie • Rachel • Group 6 (Handout C) • Cat • Ariel • Taylor