Second Semester Overview. 1935-2013. Topics We Will Cover This Semester. World War II The atomic bomb The Cold War 1950s Youth Culture Conformity in the 1950s Civil Rights Movement Space Race Non-conformity in the 1960s Equality movements Stagnation in the 1970s Environmentalism
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Europe’s Response to Hitler
Now we have “peace in our time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with.
Hitler gets Greedy
If you were Hitler, what would be your strategy for invading France?
Picking sides without actually picking sides
Air Raid Shelters During the Blitz
The events that bring America into the war
America enters the war
In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression—everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way—everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want—which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants—everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear—which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor—anywhere in the world. That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb.
—Franklin D. Roosevelt, excerpted from the State of the Union Address to the Congress, January 6, 1941
Early Battles Against Japan
“I was questioned by a Japanese officer, who found out that I had been in a Philippine Scout Battalion. The [Japanese] hated the Scouts… Anyway, they took me outside and I was forced to watch as they buried six of my Scouts alive. They made the men dig their own graves, and then had them kneel down in a pit. The guards hit them over the head with shovels to stun them and piled earth on top.”
76,000 prisoners (12,000 Americans) marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps
It was decided that the military would bomb Tokyo.
Using short-range B-25 bombers, they took off from nearby aircraft carriers, bombed the city, and landed in China.
he Doolittle raid was America's first strike back at the Japanese during the war. With Japan running through the Pacific much like the Germans did to Europe in the beginnings of WWII , this was the first opportunity for the US to go on the offensive, with previous battles being solely defensive. We struck the Japanese home land, which Japan thought could not be done by the fact that the US Navy was severly damaged by the attack on Pearl Harbor. It lifted the morale of the entire country by letting the Japanese know that we were down but not defeated.
The Japanese quickly changed their strategy when they realized that the bombs could have killed their emperor.
They decided to bring the US Navy into battle near New Guinea and at Midway Island to break the supply line to Australia.
American code breakers had already discovered the Japanese plan, which allowed the US Navy to intercept the Japanese and keep supply lines open.
Admiral Nimitz saw an opportunity to ambush the Japanese fleet.
Unaware, the Japanese launched their aircraft against Midway, and were met by a blizzard of antiaircraft fire; 38 planes were shot down.Battle of Midway
The Japanese prepared a second wave of attack, but American aircraft caught them and destroyed their aircraft carriers, along with the fuel, bombs, and aircraft held on them.
Admiral Yamamoto ordered his remaining ships to retreat.
This was a major turning point in the war in the Pacific, with the U.S. stopping the Japanese fleet its advance into the Pacific.