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OCDSB Speech Language Pathology Services. Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) provide service to students with communication disorders. . Communication includes:. Speaking and Listening Reading and writing Using sign language Computerized communication devices

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ocdsb speech language pathology services

OCDSB Speech Language Pathology Services

Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) provide service to students with communication disorders.

communication includes
Communication includes:
  • Speaking and Listening
  • Reading and writing
  • Using sign language
  • Computerized communication devices

One in ten Canadians has a communication disorder.

Types of communication disorders typically seen in the classroom that impact academic success and literacy development
  • Articulation
  • Phonological disorders
  • Motor speech disorders
  • Fluency
  • Voice disorders
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Processing difficulties
Auditory memory weaknesses
  • Comprehension difficulties
  • Reading and writing difficulties
  • Phonological awareness weaknesses
  • Expressive language difficulties
  • Sequencing difficulties
  • Narrative difficulties
  • Pragmatic or social language difficulties
Depending on the level of need, the SLP can evaluate a student’s oral and written communication skills by:
  • Observing the student in the classroom
  • Consulting with teachers and parents,
  • Testing the student formally and/or informally
  • Making recommendations based upon assessment results regarding possible classroom strategies or modifications
  • Providing limited consultation services to teachers and parents
  • Assisting with applying for a Specialized Class placement
  • Referring for additional services such as PAT-P or CCAC
ccac eligibility for speech services
CCAC eligibility for speech services
  • Community Care Access Centre provides services in the schools to students who have moderate-severe difficulty producing speech sounds, who stutter or who demonstrate voice problems.
  • Before a referral can be made to CCAC, students must have a SLP assessment from a school SLP, First Words or private SLP
  • CCAC does NOT provide language therapy.
phonology vs phonological awareness vs articulation
Phonology vs. Phonological Awareness vs. Articulation
  • Phonology is the study of the sound systems of languages.
  • Phonetics is the study of the production, perception, and physical properties of speech sounds; phonology attempts to account for how they are combined, organized, and convey meaning in particular languages.
  • Phonological Awareness refers to an individual's awareness of the phonological structure, or sound structure, of spoken words.
  • Articulation isthe act or manner of producing a speech sound.
language sound awareness
Language & Sound Awareness
  • In order to have language, one must have the ability to think and talk about sounds in words, parts of words and words in sentences. Awareness of sounds in words is essential for learning to decode and spell. Children with strong sound awareness are generally faster to learn to use the alphabet to read. Rhyming and identifying words that start with the same sound are early developing sound awareness skills.
  • Please refer to the Developmental Hierarchy of Phonemic Awareness Skills. In addition, see “Phonological Awareness Classroom Activities” program.
case studies
Case Studies
  • Sammy is a 9 year old girl who has been diagnosed with a learning disability as well as speech impairment. She is unable to produce some of her strident sounds. This affects her oral language and written language as she often does not use plurals.
  • Justin is a 3 year old boy diagnosed with dyspraxia and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified. He is able to produce some words and phrases but uses unusual prosody.
  • Eileen is an 18 month old girl diagnosed with a communication delay. She only uses vowels when attempting to speak and is unintelligible to everyone except her mother.
  • Kathy is an inpatient in an eating disorders clinic. She is concerned with her /r/ production. She is in grade 12, is 17 years old and wants to go into broadcasting.
  • Eleanor has just suffered a stroke and has an auditory agnosia. How does this affect her communication?

*how are phonetics/phonology/articulation related in these cases?

  • The relationship between phonetics/phonology/phonological awareness and articulation isintertwined with hearing and speaking as well as learning and social/emotional skills.
  • Questions?
  • Invitation to a PAT-P
Presented By:
  • Jacqueline M. Glance M.Sc. CCC-SLP ( C )
  • Reg. CASLPO
  • OCDSB Speech/Language Pathologist
  • jacqueline.glance@ocdsb.ca