Ancient China. What you need to know. The Geography of China. located in South Asia. The capital of China is Beijing. About twelve million people living in Beijing. Declared was King Wu. beijing is located in the northeastern part of China. I . Physical Geography.
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What you need to know
located in South Asia.
The capital of China is Beijing.
About twelve million people living in Beijing.
Declared was King Wu.
beijing is located in the northeastern part of China.
This is a view of Mount Everest as taken from the point of view of a climber.
2. The Gobi (GOH-bee) desert is in northern China.
A. Foundations of Chinese Civilization
The Shang Dynasty is known to be the first dynasty. The Shang Dynasty is a dynasty that lasted from 1760 B.C. to 1500 B.C.
People grew grains like millet and rice.
People from the Shang Dynasty also raised animals.
During this time people used silk and flax to make clothes.
A lot of bronze was used during this period of time. The people used bronze to make many kinds of tools, cups, and weapons, as well as trade goods.
Thousands of years ago the capital of a shang settlement was anyang.
During the Shang Dynasty some kind of bones were used to predict the future, they were called oracle bones.
Rituals were important to the shang people . They usually wrote questions on turtle, oxen, and deer. They ask questions like what type of crops to plant or when to travel or hunt. Next they heated the shells or bones. after that they looked for any cracks. This helped the shang people make predictions about the future.
2. Mongol Rule
period in which tools and weapons were made of bronze.Not only was bronze used for tools and weapons it was also used for making cups as well as trade goods.
Bronze was made by melting together copper and a small amount of tin.
The Bronze Age started during the Shang Dynasty.The Shang Dynasty also used bronze to make bronze vessels to cook their food,
Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
1027 - 256 BCE
from west of the huang's great river bend.
In 1027 b.c., a zhou leader’s army conquered the armies of the last shang ruler.
Lasting for 800+ years the zhou dynasty was the longest dynasty in ancient china.
The earlier period was called western zhou. In western zhou most people were farmers that grew rice, beans, and fruit.
Some were slaves . Most of the time women harvested the crops.
Silk was very important to the economy.
The Mandate of Heaven
3. The Ming Dynasty
The Han Dynasty started in 206b.c. and lasted to a.d.220.
The first ruler of the hand dynasty called himself Han Gaozu which means high ancestor.
After Han Gaozu ruled a man named wudi became emperor. he ruled about 141 to 87b.c. Wu Di was a powerful ruler,. He took away power from that challenged him .he also built many roads to improve transportation .
The first complete history book on china was written by a historian named SimaQian.
The terra cotta warriors are known to be monuments of actual warriors.
Terra cotta warriors were built to guard the tomb of Shi Gaungdi which was carved into the side of a mountain.
The army contained more than 6,000 life-sized warrior statue
None of the warriors were alike.The terra cotta are very important to Chin because they protect the tomb of Shi Gaungdi. Terra cotta warriors keep robbers and other people away from the tomb.There are also arrows on the walls ready to attack if anybody dared to go inside.
The great wall is a wall in China originally built for protection from northern invaders.The Great Wall was built by a guy named Shi Gaundi.
The Great Wall has stood up for over centuries.
The Great Wall of China is one of the biggest engineering projects in world history. It took hundreds of thousands of laborers many years to finish building the Great Wall of China.
The Great Wall was built by connecting existing defensive walls that had been built earlier. Rulers of later dynasties added to the Great Wall of China and had to rebuilt parts of it. During the Han Dynasty Wu Di rebuilt and extended the Great Wall. The Ming Dynasty also made the wall a lot stronger and adds to the Great Wall for about 200 years. Later under Mao Zedong parts of the Great Wall are torn down. After that when a guy named Deng Xiaoping groups begin to restore the Great Wall.
Confucius is known as Kung Fuzi or master kung.He was born in 551 B.C. in the state Lu Province. Because his family was of some nobility, or high-ranking social class, confucius was able to be educated as scholar. He gradually gathered around a group of fellow scholars in diciples or followers. He set off one day in search of a ruler who would welcome him as an advisor. He lived in the later years of the Zhou Dynasty. Confucius found a place in the court of a king. One of Confucius’s anelects is everything has it’s beauty but not everyone see’s it.
Confusianism is the way of thinking and living based on the teachings of confucius. This way of thinking and living continued to develop centuries after confucius died. Confusianism teaches the middle way, which means that people should make balanced decisions. Confusianism teaches that each person should accept his or her role in socciety.
4. Buddhism in China
The Silk Road is a trading route that connected Europe and lands of the former Roman Empire.The Silk Road has a length of about 4,000 miles.The Silk Road has several different routes and branches, each passing through different settlements. All of the routes reached Dunhuang. At Dunhuang the road branchedThe northern route led to Baghdad.The Silk Road was physically difficult for travel.Bandits made travel dangerous.Forts and defensive walls were constructed along the way to protect the caravans.When the Silk road came under the protection of the Mongols, it became safe for travel.
The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient.
Emperor isdefeated !!
Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged.
Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor.
Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.)
Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords.
Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected.
Govt. increasesspending; corruption.