pronoun antecedent agreement n.
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Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. Lesson 3.7. Here’s the Idea. An antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to. The antecedent can be in the same sentence or in a different sentence from the pronoun. Examples!. refers to.

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here s the idea
Here’s the Idea

An antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to.

The antecedent can be in the same sentence or in a different sentence from the pronoun.

examples
Examples!

refers to

Maria shared her favorite book, The Friends.

The story is set in Harlem.

It tells about young girls growing up.

antecedent

pronoun

antecedent

refers to

pronoun

information to remember
Information to Remember!!!!

**Pronouns must agree with their antecedents in number, person, and gender.**

agreement in number
Agreement in Number
  • Use a singular pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent.
  • At first Phyllis doesn’t like her new classmate.
  • Use a plural pronoun to refer to a plural antecedent.
  • Later the girls share their dreams together.

refers to

singular

refers to

plural

agreement in person
Agreement in Person
  • The person of a pronoun must be the same as the person of the antecedent.
  • The author is Rosa Guy. She was born in Trinidad.
  • Do you write stories about your life?

3rd person

2nd person

slide7
Avoid switching from one person to another in the same sentence or paragraph.
  • Incorrect:
  • Students like strong plots. We want to know what happens.
  • Correct:
  • Students like strong plots. They want to know what happens.

Students is 3rd person and we is 1st person.

Students and they are both 3rd person.

agreement in gender
Agreement in Gender
  • The gender of a person must be the same as the gender of its antecedent.
  • Personal pronouns have three gender forms: masculine – he, his, & him

feminine – she, her, & hers

neuter – it, its

gender examples
Gender Examples:
  • Anne is mad because she lost her book.
  • Jim gave his extra copy to Anne.
  • Don’t use only masculine or only feminine pronouns when you mean to refer to both genders.
  • Every student has his own opinion.

Student could mean either male or female.

there are two ways to correct the following sentence
There are two ways to correct the following sentence.
  • Use the phrase his or her.

Every student has his or her own opinion.

  • Rewrite the sentence using a plural antecedent and a plural pronoun.

Students have their own opinions.

practice time
Practice Time!!!!!
  • This story is by Lois Lowry. It is set in Denmark during World War II.
  • Annemarie Johansen and her best friend Ellen Rosen live happily until the Nazis come.
  • Then the girls are scared as their lives turn upside down.
  • Ellen is in special danger because her family is Jewish.

The pronoun is it.

Story is the antecedent.

The pronoun is her.

Annemarie Johansen is the antecedent.

The pronoun is their.

Girls is the antecedent.

The pronoun is her.

Ellen is the antecedent.

now it s your turn
Now it’s your turn!
  • http://www.chompchomp.com/hotpotatoes/proagree01.htm

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