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pronoun antecedent agreement n.
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Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

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Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

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  1. Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

  2. Pronoun • Pronoun • A pronoun is the word that takes the place of a noun and functions in the same ways that nouns do. • The critique of Plato’s Republic was written from a contemporary point of view. Itwas an in-depth analysis of Plato’s opinions about possible governmental forms.

  3. Antecedent • An antecedent is the noun or pronoun to which a pronoun refers. • The critique of Plato’s Republicwas written from a contemporary point of view. It was an in-depth analysis of Plato’s opinions about possible governmental forms.

  4. Agreement • A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways: • Person • Number • Gender

  5. Person • Incorrect: If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, you have to know the rules of the game. • (Although the antecedent and the pronoun agree in number, they do not agree in person.) • Correct: (Change the 2nd person singular, you, to a 3rd person singular pronoun.) • If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game. • Correct: (Change the 3rd person singular antecedent, a person, to a second person singular antecedent.) • If you want to succeed in corporate life, you have to know the rules of the game.

  6. Gender • Incorrect: If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he has to know the rules of the game. • (Even though there is person and number agreement between the antecedent, a person, and the pronoun, he, there is no gender agreement; in other words, the language is sexist.) • Correct: (Replace the pronoun, he, with he or she.) • If a person wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game. • Correct: (Make the entire sentence plural.) • If people want to succeed in corporate life, they have to know the rules of the game.

  7. Number • Incorrect: If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life, they have to know the rules of the game. • (Although the antecedent and pronoun agree in person, they do not agree in number.) • Correct: (Make the antecedent plural.) • If people want to succeed in corporate life, they have to know the rules of the game. • Correct: (Make the pronoun singular.) • If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life, he or she has to know the rules of the game.

  8. Notes about number • Use a singular pronoun to refer to such antecedents as • Each, Either, Neither, One, Anyone, Anybody, Everyone, Everybody, Somebody, Another, Nobody, and A Person Example: One of the rowboats is missing its (not their) oars.

  9. Notes about Number • Two or more antecedents joined by AND are considered plural • Tom and Bob are finishing their assignments. • Two or more singular antecedents joined by OR or NOR are referred to by a singular pronoun • Either Connie or Sue left her headset in the library.

  10. Notes about Number • If one of the antecedents joined by OR or NOR is singular and one is plural, the pronoun is made to agree with the nearer antecedent • Neither the manager nor the players were crazy about their uniforms. • Neither the players nor the manager was crazy about his uniform.