Who is he? • A chinese revolutionary • A political theorist • A communist leader • He was the leader of the People’s Republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976
The Mao Era • Revolution Korean War Zhen Fan Three-anti/five-anti campaigns Hundred Flowers Campaign Anti-Rightist Movement Great Leap Forward Great Chinese Famine Cultural Revolution Lin Biao Gang of Four Tiananmen Incident
Leadership of China • The People's Republic of China (PRC) was established on October 1, 1949 • From 1954 to 1959, Mao was the Chairman of the PRC • He was known as Chairman Mao
Maoism • A form of Marxist communist theory • Derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong • Developed during the 1950s and 1960s • It is applied as the political and military guiding ideology in the Communist Party of China
Marxist Origins • Mao’s most important reflections emerge on the concept of “contradiction" (maodun). • These are contained in two major essays: “On contradiction” and “On the correct handling of contradictions among the people”. • He adopted the idea that contradiction is present in matter itself
Death • He died on September 9 after his organs failed • He suffered a heart attack on September 2 which affected a large part of his heart • His daughter’s actions were detrimental to his health • A memorial service was held in Tiananmen Square on September 18, 1976
Legacy • The Chinese government officially regards Mao as a national hero. • In 2008, China opened the Mao Zedong Square to visitors in his hometown of central Hunan Province to mark the 115th anniversary of his birth.
Critique and Interpretation • Maoism has fallen out of favour within the Communist Party of China, since Deng Xiaoping's reforms in 1978 • Deng believed that Maoism showed the dangers of "ultra-leftism", manifested in the harm perpetrated by the various mass movements that characterized the Maoist era