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  1. Mao Zedong – His Person, and Perspectives of Maoism By Group 1

  2. Who is he? • A chinese revolutionary • A political theorist • A communist leader • He was the leader of the People’s Republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976

  3. The Mao Era •         Revolution        Korean War        Zhen Fan        Three-anti/five-anti campaigns        Hundred Flowers Campaign        Anti-Rightist Movement        Great Leap Forward        Great Chinese Famine        Cultural Revolution Lin Biao        Gang of Four        Tiananmen Incident

  4. Leadership of China • The People's Republic of China (PRC) was established on October 1, 1949 • From 1954 to 1959, Mao was the Chairman of the PRC • He was known as Chairman Mao

  5. Maoism • A form of Marxist communist theory • Derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong • Developed during the 1950s and 1960s • It is applied as the political and military guiding ideology in the Communist Party of China

  6. Marxist Origins • Mao’s most important reflections emerge on the concept of “contradiction" (maodun). • These are contained in two major essays: “On contradiction” and “On the correct handling of contradictions among the people”. • He adopted the idea that contradiction is present in matter itself

  7. Death • He died on September 9 after his organs failed • He suffered a heart attack on September 2 which affected a large part of his heart • His daughter’s actions were detrimental to his health • A memorial service was held in Tiananmen Square on September 18, 1976

  8. Legacy • The Chinese government officially regards Mao as a national hero. • In 2008, China opened the Mao Zedong Square to visitors in his hometown of central Hunan Province to mark the 115th anniversary of his birth.

  9. Critique and Interpretation • Maoism has fallen out of favour within the Communist Party of China, since Deng Xiaoping's reforms in 1978 • Deng believed that Maoism showed the dangers of "ultra-leftism", manifested in the harm perpetrated by the various mass movements that characterized the Maoist era

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  11. Jie Feng's