Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
. • . Information Knowledge Management Evolution of Bioethics Dr. Richard Van West-Charles
Evolution of Bioethics (i) Paradigm of Traditional Medical Ethics (ii) Biomedical Ethics (iii)Public Health Ethics
Health is Central to Development Definition of Health (i) WHO: Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being, deals with the absence of illness and disease. (ii) IOM Public Health is what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions for people to be healthy.
Who’s Definition Places the Focus at the • Individual • Population level. IOM – Focuses on the Collective Bioethics is relevant to both definitions but the difficulty is in the details which makes Bioethics critical as to how we operationalise.
Declaration of Human Rights (Art.:25) • Acknowledges right to health as a component of a standard for humans, adequate for health and well being. • Likewise the International Convenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adapts health as a human right.
Application of these Definitions and statement highlights the importance of Bioethics • Additionally – Road to democracy demands • Access to information for informed decision making. • Agency relationship diminishing • Consumer empowerment is an important Bioethical Issue • Rights and responsabilities – bear Ethical implications.
Access to Information and Knowledge • Critical for the operational aspects of the Definitions: • Institutional – Individual level • Community – Population level
Essential Public Health Function • Monitor health status to identify Community Health Problems. • Diagnosing and investigating health problems and risks in community. • Providing information and education on health topics and empowering people. • Modifying the Community Associations to identify and solve health problems. • Divulging policies and plans to support individual and collective health.
Compliance with laws and regulations that Prptect health and assure safety. • Linking people with health services and guaranteeing health service delivery. • Guaranteeing competent human resources for public health and individual health care. • Evaluating the effectiveness, access to, and quality of personal and public health services. • Research on news approaches and innovation solutions for health problem.
Research Core Function – Not yet achieved or understood as a core function • Process and approach needs review • Ethical Review Boards – Role & Responsabilities not well defined • Intelectual properties / Informed consent
Regional Programme • Needs to heighten awareness of Bioethics as cross cutting discipline for health and development. • Understanding of the relevance of Bioethics for efficient and effective health systems. • Build capacity among the member states. • Promote organizational and institutional processes for application of Bioethics.
Sensitize member states to bioethical implications of research at the global level. • Be a forum to access information and knowledge – VHL, etc. – Consider various means of communications.
Human Genetics / Genomics • Health Care Ethics • Research Ethics • Biotechnology
Public Health Ethics • Health Sector Reform • Resource Allocation • Inequities • Health Awareness within the Organization