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Vocabulary Unit 4. Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B. abscond (v.) to run off and hide. Synonyms: bolt, make off, skip town EX The thieves who absconded with several of the museum’s most valuable paintings have never been found. anarchy (n.) a lack of government and law; confusion.

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vocabulary unit 4

Vocabulary Unit 4

Mrs. Williams

English 9 and 9B

abscond v to run off and hide
abscond (v.) to run off and hide
  • Synonyms: bolt, make off, skip town
  • EX
    • The thieves who absconded with several of the museum’s most valuable paintings have never been found.
anarchy n a lack of government and law confusion
anarchy (n.) a lack of government and law; confusion
  • Synonyms: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemonium
  • Antonyms: law and order, peace and quiet
  • EX
    • In the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in anarchy.
arduous adj hard to do requiring much effort
arduous (adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort
  • Synonyms: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguing
  • Antonyms: easy, simple, effortless
  • EX
    • No matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an arduous chore.
auspicious adj favorable fortunate
auspicious (adj.) favorable; fortunate
  • Synonyms: promising, encouraging, propitious
  • Antonyms: ill-omened, ominous, sinister
  • EX
    • My parents describe the day that they first met as a most auspicious occasion.
daunt v to overcome with fear intimidate to dishearten discourage
daunt (v.) to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage
  • Synonyms: dismay, cow
  • Antonyms: encourage, embolden, reassure
  • EX
    • Despite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not daunt the Mercury program astronauts.
disentangle v to free from tangles or complications
disentangle (v.) to free from tangles or complications
  • Synonyms: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarl
  • Antonyms: tangle up, ensnarl, snag
  • EX
    • Rescuers worked for hours to disentangle a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaws.
fated adj determined in advance by destiny or fortune
fated (adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune
  • Synonyms: destined, preordained, doomed
  • Antonyms: accidental, fortuitous, chance, random
  • EX
    • The tragic outcome of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is fated from the play’s very first scene.
hoodwink v to mislead by a trick deceive
hoodwink (v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive
  • Synonyms: dupe, put one over on
  • Antonyms: undeceive, disabuse, clue in
  • EX
    • Many sweepstakes offers hoodwink people into thinking they have already won big prizes.
inanimate adj not having life without energy or spirit
inanimate (adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit
  • Synonyms: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritless
  • Antonyms: living, alive, energetic, vigorous, lively, sprightly
  • EX
    • Although fossils are inanimate, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.
incinerate v to burn to ashes
incinerate (v.) to burn to ashes
  • Synonyms: burn up, cremate, reduce to ashes
  • EX
    • Because of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer incinerate their garbage.
pliant adj bending readily easily influenced
pliant (adj.) bending readily; easily influenced
  • Synonyms: supple, flexible, elastic, plastic
  • Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stone
  • EX
    • The pliant branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.
precipice n a very steep cliff the brink or edge of disaster
precipice (n.) a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster
  • Synonyms: cliff, crag, bluff, promontory, ledge
  • Antonyms: abyss, chasm, gorge
  • EX
    • During the Cuban missile crisis, the world hovered on the precipice of nuclear war.
prototype n an original model on which later versions are patterned
prototype (n.) an original model on which later versions are patterned
  • Synonyms: example, sample
  • Antonyms: copy
  • EX
    • The assembly line managers studied the prototype of the new car for weeks before production began.
rectify v to make right correct
rectify (v.) to make right, correct
  • Synonyms: remedy, set right
  • Antonyms: mess up, botch, bungle
  • EX
    • The senators debated a series of measures designed to rectify the nation’s trade imbalance.
reprieve n a temporary relief or delay v to grant a postponement
reprieve (n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponement
  • Synonyms: (n.) stay, respite, deferral; (v.) postpone, delay
  • Antonyms: (v.) proceed
  • EX
    • A vacation is a kind of reprieve from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life.
    • A judge may reprieve a first-time offender from jail time until sentencing.