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POLISH AGRICULTURE problems, solutions and CAP Polish perspective. Poland agriculture after EU ascension.

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Poland agriculture after EU ascension

Agriculture is one of the sectors that profited the most from the Polish accession to the EU. About 15% of the country’s labour force, what is equivalent to 2.2 million full-time workers, is employed in farming, thereby providing the biggest - 20% - share in EU27 employment in agricultural sector. Despite very high level of employment, the effectiveness of Polish rural workforce is very small, what is portrayed by the fact that agriculture contribution to the Polish GDP is just 3%.

problem 1 lack of education among farmers
Problem 1Lack of education among farmers

Solutions: Subsidies for educations, better motivation of farmers.


Problem 2 Young people do not want to work in the agricultural sector


  • lack of perspectives for development in the countryside also insufficient of subsidies
  • low salary


  • increased funding for young farmers
  • promoting a healthy lifestyle
problem 3 predominance of family farms and extensive typ of farms
Problem 3predominance of family farms and extensive typ of farms


-family farms in Poland, 1 – 5 Ha, 50% of the total number of farms, but there are using just 20% of farmland

- 20 hectares farm is 6% and use it 35% of farmland


-introduction of intensification of production through

specialization of farms and using IP

- maintain a balance between extensive and family farms

- conservation of biodiversity in small farms

problem 4 too many middlemen between producer and consumer and a very low level of processing
Problem 4too many middlemen between producer and consumer, and a very low level of processing


  • lack of cooperation between farmers
  • lack of organizing farmers


  • cooperation between the farmers themselves
  • introduction of agricultural processing
  • direct selling of products from farms
problem 5 underdeveloped rural technical infrastructure
Problem 5underdevelopedruraltechnicalinfrastructure


many of the existing paved roads require upgrading and repair,access roads to agricultural land and forest are in bad condition


  • hardening of roads
  • increase subsidies for rehabilitation of roads
problem 6 implementation of technological advances to small farms
Problem 6implementation of technological advances to small farms


-lack of money

- low production

- low sales

- no additional purchases


-increasing subsidies for small farms

- training system

  • activating a credit line of less interest
  • using of BAT technics to save water, energy, material etc.

Main aims of CAP

  • helping in rational use of funds received by the agriculture and businesses from the EU and the state and assigned to the Rural Development Programme or to innovation and training etc. in enterprises of the food industry
  • increasing competitiveness of Polish export of agri-food products into foreign markets by promoting, informing and so on.
  • efficient combat against monopolistic practices on the domestic food market applied mainly by translational trade and production corporations,
  • active participation in the work of international institutions and EU bodies because efficiency of lobbying for Poland and for the development of the food industry will depend on diplomatic skills of the government and its representatives in international institutions.


  • www.minrol.gov.pl (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development)
  • www.arr.gov.pl (Agriculture Market Agency)
  • Kukula S., Krasowicz S. Glowne problemy i uwarunkowania zrownowazonego rozwoju rolnictwa w Polsce. [w:] Problemy inzynierii rolniczej. IUNG, 1, Pulawy,2007
  • http://csm.org.pl/fileadmin/files/csm/RAPORTY/POLISH%20AGRICULTURE%20IN%20TH%20EU.pdf
  • http://www.arr.gov.pl/data/400biuletyn_231-232_nr9-10_eng.pdf
  • http://www.visegrad.info/agriculture-and-cap-reform/factsheet/present-and-future-of-common-agricultural-policy-in-visegrad.html

Thank you for your kind attention

Ester Kasza

Aneta Wójtowicz

Tomáš Glajza