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SOCIALIZATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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    The lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture Agents of Socialization People, institutions, and groups that influence our self concept, emotions, attitudes, values, and behavior

    Slide 2:The Family

    Social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to oversee the bearing and raising of children 1st & most influential agent of socialization Values and beliefs begin with family

    Slide 3:Family: Parents

    Authoritarian Obedience=prime virtue Because I said so Permissive Allow self expression Few confrontations Authoritative Confront only after deviance allow the child to learn from their mistakes

    Slide 4:Stats & Divorce

    Ideal # of Children for U.S. Adults *0=1.3% *1=3.4% *2=50.4% *3=23.4% *4=8.2% *5=.7% (2000 Survey text p. 474) 2000: Over 40% of U.S. Marriages End in Divorce One of the highest rates in the world

    Slide 5:Religion

    Helps develop morals Monotheism Polytheism God: Authoritarian? Benevolent? Critical? Distant? 70% of Americans belong to a church Only 40% attend regular services

    Slide 6:Religion: Some stats

    % of Americans want a President with strong religious faith. 70% Do you believe in the existence of God or a universal spirit? Yes: 90% Do you believe that Jesus Christ actually lived? Yes: 90% Do you believe there is life after death? Yes: 73% Do you think there is a heaven where people who have led good lives are eternally rewarded? Yes: 77% Do you believe there is a hell? Yes: 44%

    Slide 7:More Religion

    I have no doubts that God exists 66% I believe in a higher power or cosmic force 14% I believe in God, but with some doubts 11% I dont believe in anything beyond the physical world 5% Newsweek Survey - 2006

    Slide 8:School

    Manifest vs. Latent Functions Examples? Hidden Curriculum values or messages that are present in an agent of socialization that are latent or not as obvious to some Gender socialization Gender separated classrooms? Emphasis on what you can do not who you are No Child Left Behind: more emphasis on Standardized Tests Do you think this is the right way to educate?

    Slide 9:Education Cont

    % of population that are college graduates (2000): 26% Voucher Programs, Open Enrollment, Chapter 220 Functional Illiteracy in USA = 21% Family Income & College Attendance $20,000 - $30,000 = 30% $75,000 + = 64%

    Slide 10:Peer Groups

    Similar age, interests, social class, ethnic group 1st experience with equal-status relationships Development of social identity Kids/Teens: Distinctive values and norms from adults (subculture) Groups develops distinct set of symbols/language Anticipatory Socialization Things you do in social situations in an attempt to gain acceptance into a social group Examples?

    Slide 12:Mass Media

    200,000 violent acts by 18 Yearly hours in school: 1250 Yearly hours w/ TV: 1450 6 million videos rented daily 3 million library books Do TV/Movies affect your peers? 10-16: 66% Yes TV w/out parents: 90% Kids see 20,000 ads yearly 54% Kids: TV in bedroom V Chip: only 15% use it Page 126 in text

    Slide 13:TV: Good or Bad?

    Study: Kids who watch 10+ hours a week Overweight Aggressive Slower in school 1990: Childrens Television Act 3 hours per week, 7am-10pm, weekly program, 30 minutes in length Traditional Cartoons being replaced with educational programming 1997: TV Rating system (link)

    Slide 14:Mass Media and Gender

    Reinforces Gender Stereotypes Sex sells!

    Disneys Who Framed Roger Rabbit? 2002 Rolling Stone Cover Miley Cyrus: Vogue

    Slide 19:Total Institutions

    Attempt to Re-socialize Dominate the thoughts and actions of members Segregate emotionally, mentally, physically Mortification: strip newcomer of possessions, clothes, etc that may express individuality (personal identity kit) This process known as: Degradation Ceremony Examples?