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SOCIALIZATION. Estimate, based on your own experience, the proportions of who you are today that is attributable to each of the following categories: Heredity, parents, siblings, peers, teachers, media, others (counselors, coaches, God, famous people). .

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socialization
SOCIALIZATION
  • Estimate, based on your own experience, the proportions of who you are today that is attributable to each of the following categories: Heredity, parents, siblings, peers, teachers, media, others (counselors, coaches, God, famous people).
slide2
Socialization -- lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture.
  • Develops personality
  • Nature vs Nurture
slide3
The Socialization Process

Sigmund Freud

  • personality shaped by Eros and thanatos
  • Personality has three components

a) id

b) ego

c) superego

slide4
Jean Piaget
  • Cognitive development depends on age

a) sensorimotor stage

b) preoperational stage

c) concrete operational stage

d) formal operational stage

slide5
Herbert Mead
  • Self - has to do with self awareness and self image.
  • Looking-glass self -- self-image depends on how others perceive us.
  • Generalized other - cultural norms and values used in self evaluation.
agencies of socialization
Agencies of Socialization
  • Family
  • School
  • Peer group
  • Mass media

Resocialization-happens in total institutions.

schools and socialization
Schools and Socialization
  • The first agency of socialization controlled by nonrelatives.
  • Expose children to standards of performance applied to everyone.
  • Encourage them to develop loyalties beyond their own families.
  • Train children to be disciplined, orderly, cooperative, and conforming.
peer groups and socialization
Peer Groups and Socialization
  • The first agency of socialization not controlled by adults.
  • Provides young people with experiences they cannot easily obtain elsewhere.
  • Teach young people to deal with others as equals.
  • Help them gain experience in self-direction and establish independence from adults.
stages of adult development
Stages of Adult Development
  • Early Adulthood: 18 to 35
    • Involves a move beyond adolescence and a preliminary step into adulthood
    • Ends when the individual has made a life within the adult world.
functions of the media
Functions of the media
  • Provide information.
  • Promote social continuity and integration.
  • Supply entertainment.
  • Explain and interpret events and information.
  • Mobilize the society when necessary.
dysfunctions of the mass media
Dysfunctions of the mass media
  • Increase social conformity.
  • Legitimate the status quo.
  • Impede social change while promoting social continuity and integration.
  • Divert the public from serious issues through trivial entertainment.
  • Shape views through editorializing as they “interpret” events and information.
  • Create violence via public mobilization.
conflict theory and the media marxian view
Conflict Theory and the Media: Marxian View
  • Workers are exploited by being paid less than they deserve.
  • Consumers are overcharged.
  • Ruling class receives excessive profits.
  • The media are a tool of manipulation by which the ruling class maintains its power.
conflict theory and the media power elite
Conflict Theory and the Media: Power Elite
  • Evidence that the media is controlled by the ruling class:
    • Concentration of power in the media
    • Agenda-setting power of the media
    • Media’s ability to socialize the population