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Georgia’s Judicial Branch. The purpose of rules is to regulate how we interact with one another and manage conflict Interpret the state constitution Protect legal rights of citizens Enforce the laws of the state.

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Presentation Transcript

The purpose of rules is to regulate how we interact with one another and manage conflict

Interpret the state constitution

Protect legal rights of citizens

Enforce the laws of the state


Originally the court was just a room where a person went to seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute


State judicial branch
State Judicial Branch seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Made up of 7different levels of courts

A.

appellate-level courts (handle appeals from lower courts)

supreme court

court of appeals

B. trial-level courts

1. superior 3. juvenile 5. magistrate

2. state 4. probate

The courts interpret the laws made by the legislative branch

Each state has its own court system


Appellate courts
Appellate Courts seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Includes:

Supreme Court of Georgia

highest court in Georgia

7 justices

no jury

Court of Appeals

12 judges

no jury


Court of Appeals and Superior Courts seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

do not hold trials-

they review decisions made by trial courts to determine if the decisions were fair.


Courts at the local level
Courts at the local level seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Municipal and special courts


Supreme court highest court in georgia
Supreme Court seek justice or fairness- in settling a disputeHighest court in Georgia

7 supreme court judges

elected by popular vote

serve 6 year term

Judges elect a chief justice among themselves

If position becomes open governor can appoint one


Supreme court
Supreme Court seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Review cases:

  • titles to land

  • Wills

  • Divorce

  • Alimony

  • Death penalty

    They have the final authority in matters of law for the state


Trial courts
Trial Courts seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute


Magistrate courts seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute(elected or appointed)

small claims ($15,00), bad checks, minor arrest,

search warrants, county ordinances violations, no jury

Probate Courts (elected)

wills, marriages, appointment of guardians, may have a

jury

Juvenile courts (appointed by superior court judges)

delinquent children under 17

deprived children under 18, juvenile traffic cases

no jury

State courts (elected)

misdemeanor violations, traffic and civil cases

judge and jury

Superior courts (elected)

any civil or criminal case, felonies, juvenile serious cases, titles to land , judge and jury


Quick quiz
Quick quiz seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

  • Which is the highest court in Georgia?

    a. State court b. Superior Court

    c. Supreme Court

    2. Which court does not have a jury

    a. State court c. Superior court

    b. Juvenile court

    3.Which court can hear almost any civil or criminal case?

    a. Probate court c. Magistrate court

    b. Superior court


Quick quiz1
Quick quiz seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

4. Which court has 12 judges?

a. Supreme court

b. Juvenile court

c. Court of appeals

5. If you got a bad check from someone, which court would help you?

a. Magistrate court

b. Supreme court

c. Juvenile court


Quick quiz2
Quick quiz seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

6. Which court handles wills and other administrative matters?

a. Magistrate court

b. State court

c. Probate court

7. A misdemeanor like trespassing would be handled by which court?

a. Court of Appeals

b. Probate court

c. State court


Criminal and civil
Criminal and Civil seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Criminal

Person has committed a crime

Divided into 2 groups


Civil cases
Civil Cases seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Courts settle disputes between two or more persons or groups

Citizenship, property rights, contract, marriages, divorce, child custody, inheritance


Quick quiz3
Quick Quiz seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

Quick Quiz

  • Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case?

    a. accused

    b. defendant

    c. plaintiff

    d. state


Quick quiz4
Quick Quiz seek justice or fairness- in settling a dispute

  • Who has the burden of proof in a civil case?

    a. accused

    b. Defendant

    c. Plaintiff

    d. state


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