Taiwan and China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Taiwan and China

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  1. Taiwan and China

  2. History • The KMT fled to Taiwan after the Communists under Mao Tse Tung took control in 1949. • Supported by the US with the Korean War and then a focus for the Cold War. • ROC = Taiwan / PRC = China

  3. Which China • ROC intially held seat on the security council. • Austrecognised ROC as China until 1972. • Shanghai Communique – Nixon • 1978 Normalisation Agreement • 1979 TRA – guarantees Taiwans security • 25 countries still recogniseTaiwans sovereignty.

  4. Beijing’s Position • Taiwan is part of China • One country two systems • Force if necessary • 1995 - Zemin’s 8 Point Plan

  5. Taiwan’s Position • There are a range of views. • KMT / DPP / PFP/ TSU • Ultimately the question is whether to reunify and on what terms. • DPP – wants one China / One Taiwan

  6. Hot Flashes • 1995/6 – Taiwan President visits America – China holds war games. Includes missile tests. • 2000 – Elections – Pro Unification candidate preferred. Chinese White paper on action. Unsuccessful ie DPP candidate won but no formal declaration of independence. See articles. • 2001 EP3 – US apology to China but then largest arms deal with Taiwan. • 2001 WTO / APEC – China does not want Taiwan to be accepted in Multilateral forums. UN/WTO/ APEC. Why?

  7. Hot Flashes • 2004 – Referenda and Election – naval drills, the threat of the use of military force. DPP reelected • 2005 – Anti Secession Law – political instrument • Panda’s • 2006 – Taiwan scraps National Unification Council. HuJintao quote – “we will continue to strive for peacful reunification, but we will absolutely not allow Taiwan to break away from the Motherland.” • 2008 KMT vs DPP – Electoral success. Ma Ying jeou – note the rhetoric. Economics a focus.

  8. The Article • Free trade agreement – 2010 • Agreement balances FTA with ASEAN and helps negotiate with others. • 1300 missiles facing Taiwan. • Taiwan biggest foreign investor – 100 billion • Economic development with Taiwan and cooperation with the US – 2002 • Domestic pressure – 19% versus 45% • Hong Kong an example.