Confucianism & Taoism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Confucianism & Taoism

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  1. Confucianism & Taoism • Compare & Contrast

  2. Similarities • Originated in China • Can be considered philosophies • Founders were contemporaries • Does not concern itself with the underlying causes of the universe • Concerned with human behavior • Became rivals • Have recorded beliefs • Became popular w/upper class

  3. Confucianism • Recorded sayings are the Analects • Founded by Confucius – a.k.a. The First Teacher • Born in 551B.C. • Upset by violence and moral decay of his age (era of warring states) • Interest in philosophy was political and ethical

  4. Confucianism - continued • Confucian view of Tao is duty (1st Key) and humanity • Concept of duty is expressed in the form of a “work ethic” • Ruler must set a good example

  5. Confucianism - continued • Everyone should be governed by the Five Constant Relationships: • Parent and child • Husband & wife • Older sibling to younger sibling • Older friend to younger friend • Ruler to subject

  6. Taoism(Tao “the way of nature” • Founded by Lao Tzu • Scholars aren’t sure if he really existed • Record of beliefs is Tao Te Ching • Believe that the true way to follow the will of heaven is not action, but inaction • Became increasingly formal from the Han period on

  7. Confucianism - continued • Disagreed with Taoism’s emphasis on mystery and magic • Second key is humanity • Sense of compassion for others • Others should be tolerated

  8. Taoism - continued • Best way to act in harmony is to let nature take its course by not interfering with it – through humility and frugal living • More associated with a religion (polytheistic) than Confucianism • Emphasized nature’s mystery and magic • Disagreed with Confucianism’s emphasis on political activity and learning