Lecture 6 Psychological aspects of second language acquisition. L1 versus L2. M K Leonard et al (2011). Language Proficiency Modulates the Recruitment of Non-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals. In PLoS ONE 6(3): e18240.
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M K Leonard et al (2011). Language Proficiency Modulates the Recruitment of Non-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals. In PLoS ONE 6(3): e18240.
MEG responses to first language words, second language words, and pictures during lexico-semantic processing (~400 ms after a word is shown). Regions with arrows indicate areas where responses to pictures and L2 words are similar, but differ from the responses to L1 words.
Brain activity in Spanish-English bilinguals reading words in native Spanish & second language, English.
Term used by Vivian Cook in 1991 (The poverty-of-the-stimulus argument and multi-competence, Second Language Research, 7, 2, 103-117)
Multicompetence raises the problems of contamination and attrition
It also raises the problem of what qualifies as a language