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Positive. Guidance & Discipline. Nurturing Environment. All children need a nurturing environment to help them grow and develop. In a nurturing environment, children feel secure, protected, satisfied, and loved. How can parents help children feel loved?. Send messages with love

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Positive Guidance & Discipline

    2. Nurturing Environment • All children need a nurturing environment to help them grow and develop. • In a nurturing environment, children feel secure, protected, satisfied, and loved. • How can parents help children feel loved?

    3. Send messages with love • Make direct eye contact • Provide close physical contact • Spend time together

    4. Reasons for Misbehavior • Environment: the child is uncomfortable in or does not understand his/her environment • Does not know better: the child has not been taught the concept he/she is dealing with • Stage of growth: the child is behaving in a normal manner for his/her age group • Unfulfilled needs: the child’s need are not being meet and he/she is acting out in order to get his/her needs meet

    5. Limit Choices • To avoid conflict do not give children unlimited choices unless they can really have what they choose • Only give children choice that are available

    6. Discipline versus Guidance • Guidance: all that parents do and say as they influence their children’s behavior in a positive way - The goal of parental guidance is to help children grow to maturity and learn to be productive members of society • Discipline: the process of training and learning - Includes methods parents use to promote self-discipline

    7. Types of Guidance Techniques • Modeling • Setting Limits • Establishing Routines • Redirecting • Request • Reinforcement • Natural Consequences • Logical Consequences • Punishment

    8. Modeling • Acting in a way that sets a good example • Children learn best by example – they imitate what they see other doing • Parents can help children develop relationships, make decisions, control their emotions and develop healthy habits and strong character

    9. Setting Limits • Limits and rules are set to guide a child’s behavior • Limits should be well defined and clearly explained • Parents need to be consistent • Limits and rules should be set with the child’s and parents’ welfare in mind – safety, personal growth, and other family members • Parents need to use positive reinforcement to encourage desired behavior – positive reinforcement lets children know that their behavior pleases the parents – Verbal praise is an example of positive reinforcement

    10. Establishing Routines • Routines help children know what to expect • Routines help parents show parental control – in turn, this help the child learn self discipline • Routines give a feeling of security to a child’s life – the child knows what to expect and when to expect it • Developing a routine can take time, but when established, it can save time and conflict between parents and children • Parents set routines to help children know what is expected from them, once they know what is expected they can learn to control their behavior and learn self - discipline

    11. Redirecting • Sometimes parents can guide their children from one activity to a more acceptable one • Redirecting is accomplished by focusing the child’s interest on something else • Young children may need to be physically moved to another place • Redirecting is a good technique to use with toddlers

    12. Request • One of the easiest ways a parent can guide a child’s actions is to express personal desires • This gives the child a chance to please the parent by responding with the appropriate behavior • Continuous negative statements can cause negative feeling of self-worth

    13. Reinforcement • When a child performs a desired behavior, reinforcement can influence the child to repeat the behavior • Reinforcement needs to occur directed after the desired behavior – the child needs to remember the good feelings that were a result – then the behavior will be repeated • Sometimes parents reinforce negative behavior without know it – children repeat actions that bring results

    14. Natural and Logical Consequences • Natural Consequences are the normal result of an action • Sometimes natural consequences can be dangerous • A direct relationship must exist between the action and result of the action • Logical Consequences should be relevant to the misbehavior

    15. Punishment • Sometimes parents use punishment to enforce limits – the purpose is to give the child a reason to regret a behavior • Many different forms of punishment – a parent may take away an item of value, or require a time-out • If punishment is necessary it needs to be discussed with the child • The goal of punishment is not to give parents a chance to vent their anger

    16. Time-out • Use a place where there are no distractions or positive reinforces • Time out area should be easily accessible and easily monitored • Generally, it is considered more effective to have short timeouts

    17. The 3 F’s of Positive Parenting • Firm: Consequences should be clearly stated and then adhered to when the inappropriate behavior occurs • Fair: The punishment should fit the crime • Friendly: Use friendly but firm communication – watch for them “being good” and praise them for appropriate behavior