a system view of optical fiber communication prt 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
A System View of Optical Fiber Communication prt.2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

A System View of Optical Fiber Communication prt.2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 94 Views
  • Uploaded on

A System View of Optical Fiber Communication prt.2. AbdulRahman AlKhayyat 223218 Mohamed Felimban 224304. OUTLINE. The Fiber Optic Data Communication System Components of the Transmission System Transmitters Receivers Transmission Medium Performance Attenuation Interference

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A System View of Optical Fiber Communication prt.2' - ruby-tyler


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
a system view of optical fiber communication prt 2
A System View of Optical Fiber Communication prt.2

AbdulRahman AlKhayyat

223218

Mohamed Felimban

224304

outline
OUTLINE
  • The Fiber Optic Data Communication System
  • Components of the Transmission System
    • Transmitters
    • Receivers
    • Transmission Medium
  • Performance
    • Attenuation
    • Interference
  • Conclusion
i the fiber optic data communication system
I. The Fiber Optic Data Communication System

Fiber Optic communication systems generally include:

  • A Transmitter
  • Transmission Medium including amplifiers and repeaters
  • A Receiver

A model of this System is shown in the figure

The illustration indicates the Source-User pair, Transmitter & Receiver

It also clearly shows the Transmission Medium.

ii components of the transmission system
II. Components of the Transmission System
  • Transmitter to convert an electrical signal into an optical signal

serves two functions:

      • A light emitter

works as a source of the light coupled into the fiber optic cable

      • A regulator

to modulate this light to represent the binary data it receive

ii 1 transmitters optical source component
II.1. Transmitters: Optical Source Component

There are some requirements for the transmitter that should be met

  • physical dimensions must be compatible with size of the fiber optic being used
    • emit light in a cone within cross sectional diameter
  • optical source must be able to generate enough power
    • desired BER should be met
  • high efficiency in coupling the light into the fiber optic cable
  • sufficient linearity
    • to prevent the generation of harmonics & inter-modulation distortion
    • if such interference is generated it is extremely difficult to remove
    • this would cancel the interference resistance benefits of the fiber optic cable
  • Should be easily modulated with an electrical signal & capable of high-speed modulation
  • The usual requirements of small size, low weight, low cost and high reliability
ii 1 transmitters cont d
II.1. Transmitters cont’d
  • Types of Diodes that can be used as an optical source of the Transmitter:
      • laser diode (LD)
      • light emitting diode (LED)
  • LD's advantages over LED's
      • can be modulated at very high speeds
      • produce greater optical power
      • higher coupling efficiency

to the fiber optic cable

ii 1 transmitters cont d1
II.1. Transmitters cont’d
  • LED's advantages over LD's
        • higher reliability
        • better linearity
        • lower cost

LED and laser diodes: P-I characteristics

VerschiedeneLED’s

ii components of the transmission system1
II. Components of the Transmission System
  • Receivers to recover the signal as an electrical signal

serves two functions:

      • A sensor

to detect the light coupled out of the fiber optic cable then convert the light into an electrical signal

      • A demodulator

demodulate this light determine the identity of the binary data that it represents

Indoor & Outdoor Receivers

ii 2 receivers cont d
II.2. Receivers cont’d

Receiver sensitivities for BER = 10-9, with different devices

  • receiver performance

is generally characterized

by a parameter called

the Sensitivity

  • usually a curve indicating

the minimum optical

power that the Receiver

can detect versus the data rate,

in order to achieve a particular BER

ii 3 transmission medium
II.3. Transmission Medium
  • The Transmission distance is limited by
    • fiber attenuation & fiber distortion
  • Solution: i. repeaters
    • convert the signal to an electrical signal
    • send the signal again at a higher intensity
      • high complexity & needing to be installed once every 20km = very high cost
  • Solution: ii. optical amplifiers
    • amplifies the optical signal directly

without converting the signal

into the electrical domain

  • Amplifiers have largely replaced repeaters in new installations
iii performance
III. Performance
  • The more light that can be coupled into the core the more light will reach the Receiver and the lower BER
  • The lower attenuation in propagating down the core the more light reaches the Receiver & the lower BER
  • The less time realized in propagating the faster the signaling rate and the higher the end-to-end data rate from Source-to-User
iii performance cont d
III. Performance cont’d
  • Attenuation
    • Caused by a combination of material absorption, Raleigh scattering, Mie scattering, and connection losses
    • Is about 1000 db/km in modern fiber
    • Other causes of attenuation are physical stresses to the fiber, microscopic fluctuations in density, and imperfect splicing techniques.

Attenuation vs. WavelengthAttenuation spectrum of standard single-mode fiber

iii performance cont d1
III. Performance cont’d
  • Interference
    • a key concern is the problem of interference
      • Presence of high current equipment results in the propagation of electromagnetic pulses that interfere with the data communications links
    • In the past UTP copper cable was the transmission medium choice
    • Using Fiber optic cables as the Transmission Medium
      • great interference protection
      • is simply not affected by the electromagnetic interference
    • Has been slow in coming to the industrial environment due to cost
      • however, this is changing as the price of fiber optic cable steadily decreases
iv in conclusion
IV. In Conclusion

Thank You

for listening

If any question..

We’d be happy to answer

ad