Chinese Brush Painting Murray Avenue School Art Appreciation Spring 2014
History of Brush Painting Chinese Brush Painting dates back to 4000 B.C.
Brush Painting is defined by different styles, techniques, and genres. • Calligraphy • Landscape Painting • Bird and Flower Painting • Ink and Wash Painting
Ancient Chinese philosophies show reverence and love for nature. • The art symbolizes the beauty and harmonious balance of the universe.
The Six Principles of Brush Painting 1. The artist’s state of mind is mirrored in each brush stroke 2. Good brush technique is essential and must capture the “life energy” of the subject 3. The artist must study his/her subject and avoid unnecessary brush strokes 4. Colors used do not need to be the same as the subject but must enhance it instead
The Six Principles, continued… 5. Composition of the artist’s picture is 1/3 form and 2/3 space. In Chinese painting, the empty space is as important as what is painted. 6. Study and copy the work of the “masters.”
The “Four Treasures” The Brushes: Made of bamboo and animal hairs
Brush technique is very important. The strokes give the painting rhythm and beauty.
The “Four Treasures,” Continued… Ink: traditionally made from pine soot and glue and formed into a stick. Ink Stone: used to turn the ink stick into liquid by grinding it on the stone Paper: made from a mixture of fibers such as hemp, mulberry, bark, bamboo and straw
The subject of brush painting was always nature: Bamboo, flowers, birds, fish, or landscape. If a human element was added, it would be simple and not dominate the scene.
Chinese Brush Painting uses simple strokes of a paint brush to capture a single object or an entire scene.
The Chop • The “Chop” is the artist’s signature • Usually done in red ink