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Chinese painting. O’ Reiley, Chapter four. Chronological Table of Dynasties. Tang (618-906) Five Dynasties (907-960) Song dynasty (960-1279): Northern Song (960-1126) and Southern Song (1129-1279); capital

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chinese painting

Chinese painting

O’ Reiley, Chapter four

chronological table of dynasties
Chronological Table of Dynasties
  • Tang (618-906)
  • Five Dynasties (907-960)
  • Song dynasty (960-1279): Northern Song (960-1126) and Southern Song (1129-1279); capital
  • Yuan dynasty (Mongols) 1260-1368 (Kubilai Khan; moved the capital to Khanbalik (Beijing), adopted Tibetan Buddhism)
  • Ming dynasty 1368-1644 (capital at Nanjing until 1420 then moved to Beijing)
  • Qing (Manchus) 1644-1912
  • Republic 1912-1949
format
Format
  • Hand scroll (shou-chuan)
  • Hanging scroll (li chou)
  • Album leaves and fans: subjects are landscape or bird-and-flowers with calligraphy
tang period
Tang Period
  • Figure painting
  • Hand scroll and hanging scrolls was the major formats
  • Emperor Huizong: emperor is portrayed larger than other figures, vivid colors, attention of details but no individual personality; the aim is to focus on the role of the individual
painting
Painting
  • The Six Laws of Painting by Xie He (c. 500-35): Spirit, Bone Method (law of using the brush), Correspondence to the object (the depicting of form), Suitability to type (laying color), Division and Planning (placing and arrangement), transmission by coping (of models)
  • Media: Silk and paper
  • Ink: monochrome used for both landscape and figure
  • Brush: horse, wolf, sheep, sable, and rabit
slide11

4.19 Yen Lipen (attributed), Emperor Wu Di, the Scroll of the Emperors, Tang Dynasty,

7th c. (11th century copy)

landscape painting
Landscape painting
  • Developed rapidly in the Tang dy. and reached its apex by early Song dy. (first appears in tomb tile, inlaid bronze, and mural at Dun Huang
  • N-Song: a true landscape used precise line manner, depicts a sense of an estate, a group of building, a few peasants working, a fishing boat in a shore, no narrative, landscape represents in fragments, no perspective
  • Depth is created by placement of elements in different grounds: foreground, mid ground and back group
  • Literati artists were well educated elites who painted for pleasure
bamboo
Bamboo
  • Bamboo painting is special favor in the Yuan dy.
  • It symbolizes the true gentle man who always maintain his integrity
  • It is the most difficult: need precise placement of leaves and stalks and
calligraphy and seals
Calligraphy and Seals
  • By the 13th c, calligraphy and seals are frequently appear on painting
  • Seal script: the earliest form, used for formal contexts of inscription
  • Clerical script: used for bureaucratic record-keeping
  • Regular script: most widely used to the present
  • Cursive script: used for artistic expression
  • Drafting script: the most rapidly written script
ming dynasty 1366 1644
Ming dynasty1366-1644
  • Forces the Mongols out
  • Enlarging the Great Wall of China
  • Sent expeditions in the Indian Ocean
  • Built the imperial palace in Beijing
  • First Ming emperor established ceramic productions at Jingdezhen; High grade porcelain were produced for his court.
  • Later the emperors had monopoly over the utilitarian production of ceramics that were exported to SEA, the Middle East and later to the West
  • Blue ( water and cobalt oxide) and white (glaze) porcelains are underglazes
qing dynasty 1644 1911
Qing dynasty1644-1911
  • China was occupied by foreigners from the north-the Manchus or Manchurians, who caputured Beijing in 1644
  • Qing means “pure’ or “clear”
  • Qianlong emperor (1736-1795) supported the revival of traditional art from the past.
  • Shitao (1641-1717)