Making nouns plural review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Making nouns plural review

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  1. Making nouns plural review 7th grade Spanish Chapter 1 Lesson 4

  2. Nouns • What is a noun? • What is special about nouns in Spanish?

  3. In general, if a noun ends in: • -a then it is singular and feminine • Example: mochila(bookbag) • -o then it is singular and masculine • Example: cuaderno (notebook) • s then it is plural • Example: mochilas(bookbags) • Example: cuadernos (notebooks)

  4. Exceptions • Sometimes there are nouns that end in an –a and are considered masculine words: • Example: mapa (map) is considered a masculine word! • Sometimes there are words that end in an –o and are considered feminine words: • Example: mano (hand) is considered a feminine word!

  5. Exceptions 2 • There are words that end –e and these can be either feminine or masculine! • Coche – car = M • Leche – milk -F • There are nouns that end in a consonant and these can also be either masculine or feminine! • Examen – exam / test – M

  6. If you’re saying

  7. Breathe • Be thankful that you are in 7th grade and that this is a mini. • There are rules that make figuring out the gender of these words easy! But for today all you have to do is remember the following 2 rules and 3 words.

  8. Rules • If the word ends in –ciónor -iónthe noun is feminine. • If the noun ends in –tad, -dad, or –umbrethe noun is feminine. • Suerte= luck; lucky – (F) • Sol = (sun) – (M) • Frijol = (bean) –(M)

  9. Simple!

  10. Part 2: Making nouns plural

  11. Making nouns plural • If a noun ends in a vowel add an –s to make it plural. • la página (page)  laspáginas • el cuaderno (notebook) los cuadernos • la mochila (bookbag) lasmochilas • el bolígrafo (pen) los bolígrafos

  12. If a noun ends in a consonant add –es to make it plural. • el señor los señores • el papel los papeles • el examen los exámenes

  13. Ojo! If the word ends in a z, first change the z to a c and then add –es • el lápiz los lápices • el pezlos peces If a word ends in n or s and there is a written accent on the last vowel do two things. Add -esand drop theaccent. • la nación las naciones • el francés los franceses

  14. What if I want to refer to a specific noun(s)?

  15. Part 3: Definite articles

  16. In English we use the definite article: ‘THE’ The pen The dogs The desk The lions

  17. In Spanish, to say “THE” we use the definite articles • El • La • Los • Las

  18. Co-op learning activity

  19. YouTube Video - Los articulosdefinidos

  20. Questions / Homework

  21. Quick definite articles video