Unit 14 Text 1. The Jeaning of America. Teaching Objectives. Practice using the past perfect tense, and differentiate it from the simple past; Discuss what makes one succeed ; Learn to use the following structures: …have sth done use…as… It seems likely that…
Top 5 American Icons
A national icon is someone who, by the mere mention of their name, will remind people of their country. Whether they like it or not, they are representatives of their nation to the rest of the world.
Best known for his role as the 40th President of the United States, Reagan started out as a radio announcer and Hollywood actor, having made over 50 films. He realized politics was his calling and in 1947 became President of the Screen Actors Guild.
He changed his party affiliation from Democrat to Republican and was elected Governor of California in 1966. After taking over the White House in 1981, he served in this capacity for two terms. During those years, he showed the world what America is all about.
Best quote: "America is too great to dream small dreams."
Hemingway is considered the greatest American fiction writer of the 20th century. He was an ambulance driver during World War I and a war correspondent during World War II. He wrote about his experiences as an American expatriate in Paris during the 1920s, hunting in Africa, and fishing off Cuba.
His direct and sparse way of writing became his trademark, which has often been imitated and parodied. His works have earned him both the Pulitzer and the Nobel Prize. He supposedly committed suicide while struggling with a bout of depression, but he still remains one of the most prominent literary ambassadors America has ever had.
Best quote: "All things truly wicked start from an innocence."
Here's a man who lives the American Dream. Originally from Brooklyn, Michael Jordan attended the University of North Carolina and proved that he truly was the best basketball player that ever lived by taking his team to the NCAA championship. He was soon drafted into the NBA as a guard for the Chicago Bulls. He led his team to six league championships and won the MVP award five times.
Also a savvy businessman, Air Jordan's fortune was estimated at $408 million in 2003.
Best quote: "I can accept failure, but I can't accept not trying."
He had a dream. When he heard about a pacifist in India named Mahatma Gandhi, and became enamored with Gandhi's methods of peaceful protest.
Openly supporting Rosa Parks and her refusal to relinquish her seat to a white bus passenger made him a target for his opponents and his house was bombed. But that just served to fuel his desire to see segregation terminated. He became a national advocate for civil liberties and inspired a nation to change its ways. His assassination in 1968 only proved that he was on the right track.
Best quote: "If a man hasn't found something he will die for, he isn't fit to live."
The Kennedy clan is often considered the only Royal family the United States has ever had. What makes it so is not their wealth or political role, but rather the aura of nobility surrounding them. JFK was the embodiment of this. A Navy officer during World War II, he became a senator in 1952. Nine years later, he became the 35th American president.
His term in office was often dubbed the New Frontier since it was an era of change. He put an end to segregation, established the Peace Corps, and masterminded the resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis.Unfortunately, he is often best remembered for his assassination in 1963. For all his youthful energy and magnetism, he represented the quintessence of America.
Best quote: "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country."
Is this a piece of narration, description or argumentation?
What do you think jeaning represent in American culture?
How many parts can this passage be divided into?
Today, there are toughdouble-kneed jeans for kids, acid-washed jeans for teens, designer jeansfor the fashion set, and boot-cut jeansfor outdoor workers. But all began in 1850 when Levis Strauss, a German immigrant who had gone West to seek his fortune, sewed upsome sturdy canvas pants for a miner.
This is the story of a sturdy American symbol which has now spread throughout most of the world.
It is a simple pair of pants called blue jeans, and what the pants symbolize is what Alexis de Tocquevillecalled “a manly and legitimate passion for equality…”
Blue jeans are favored equally by bureaucrats and cowboys, bankers and deadbeats, fashion designers and beer drinkers. They draw no distinctions and recognize no classes: they are merely American. Yet they are sought afteralmost everywhere in the world—including Russia, where authorities recently broke upa teenaged gang that was selling them on the black market for two hundred dollars a pair.
And it seems likely that they will outlive even the necktie.
This ubiquitous American symbol was the invention of a Bavarian-born Jew.
He was born in Bad Ocheim, Germany, in 1829, and during the European political turmoil of 1848 decided to take his chances in New York, to which his two brothers already had emigrated.
For two years he was a lowly peddler, hauling some 180 pounds of sundries door to door to eke outa marginal living. When a married sister in San Francisco offered to pay his way West in 1850, he jumped atthe opportunity, taking with him bolts of canvas he hoped to sell for tenting.
It was the wrong kind of canvas for that purpose, but while talking with a miner down from the mother lode, he learned that pants – sturdy pants that would stand upto the rigors of the digging – were almost impossible to find. Opportunitybeckoned.
Opportunity presented itself.
When Strauss ran out ofcanvas, he wrote his
two brothers to say more.
Almost from the first, Strauss had his cloth
dyed the distinctive indigo that gave blue
jeans their name.
The rivets were the idea of a Virginia City,
Nevada, tailor, Jacob W. Davis, who added
Alkali Ike. Alkali, the story goes, complained
that the pockets of his jeans always tore when
he stuffed them with ore samples and demand
that Davis do something about it.
In 1873 Strauss appropriated and patented
the gimmick – and hired Davis as a regional
Over the ensuing years the company prospered locally, and by the time of his death in 1902, Strauss had become a man of prominence in California. For three decades thereafter the business remained profitable though small. With sales largely confined to the working people of the West ---- cowboys, lumberjacks, railroad workers, and the like.
What does the author intend to prove with the three anecdotes?
The pants have become a tradition, and along the way have acquired a history of their own ---- so much so that the company has opened a museum in San Francisco. There was, for example, the turn-of-the-country trainman who replaced a faultycoupling with a pair of jeans; the Wyoming man who used his jeans as a towrope to haul his car out of a ditch;
And then there is the particularly terrifying story of the careless construction worker who dangled fifty-two stories above the street until rescued, his sole support the Levis belt loopthrough which his rope was hooked.
To After Reading
These verbs all mean to live or exist longer than another person or thing.
A. The text could be divided into five parts according to the history of blue jeans. Please write a summary for each part.
Please combine the following sentences in the group into one sentence. And then make a comparison with the original sentence in the text.
Group 1 (paragraph 1)
Group 3 (paragraph 7)
There are various ways to combine these sentences, but some may be more effective in expressing the writer’s feelings and more suitable for the tone of the text. And this helps us decide the best way. When we are writing, we should always be conscious of the available choices in expression and the difference between each other.
Please fill in the blank with appropriate words with the hint given in the parentheses.
1. The _____ is 83 million pairs of Levis riveted blue jeans sold every year. (the essential point)
2. It seems likely that they will ____ even the necktie. (live longer than)
3. For two years he was a lowly peddler, hauling some 180 pounds of sundries door to door to eke out a ____ living. (barely adequate)
4. Decorations and ornamentations ____. (be great in number)
Collect information for writing a profile of a successful person.