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Rachel Carson Marine Biologist, Environmental Writer, and Protector of the Earth. By, Mrs. Garces. Birth. Rachel Carson was born in May 27, 1907 She was born in Springdale, Pennsylvania. Inspiration and Education. Inspiration
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Rachel CarsonMarine Biologist, Environmental Writer, andProtector of the Earth By, Mrs. Garces
Birth • Rachel Carson was born in May 27, 1907 • She was born in Springdale, Pennsylvania
Inspiration and Education • Inspiration • Her mother developed her love of nature, the environment, and living things • Education • She attended the Pennsylvania College for Women where she received her degree in marine biology in 1929. • She studied at Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory • Earned a masters degree at John Hopkins Univ. in zoology in 1932.
Interesting Facts • She loved to write and published her first story in a magazine at the age of 11. • She worked for the U.S. Government Department of Fisheries. • When her sister died, she and her mother took care of her sister’s two daughters. • Published a book called, Help Your Child to Wonder. She wanted to help parents to get their children interested in nature. • She died at the age of 56 after losing her battle against breast cancer.
Professional Accomplishments • Rose to become Editor In Chief of US Department of Wildlife and Fisheries • In 1955 Published Edge of the Sea, a biography of the ocean • Led the movement to ban DDT, a chemical that was found to be harmful to birds and the environment.
Creative • Rachel loved to read and write. On her free time she loved to research and write articles for science magazines • She shared her concern for the environment by writing and publishing books as well as writing scripts to promote public awareness on the radio.
Skeptical • She did not believe the pesticide companies who claimed that their products used to control insects on farms were not harmful to nature. • She challenged them by collecting evidence and presenting it to our nation’s lawmakers in Washington DC.
Scientific Method A hypothetical investigation Rachel Carson could have completed based on the research I have conducted.
Step 1: Make Observations • Sick and dead birds were spotted near farms using DDT
Step 2: Ask a Testable Question • Does the pesticide DDT harm animals even though the DDT company that makes DDT says it does not harm animals?
Step 3: Form a Hypothesis • DDT harms animals that eat the crops from farms using DDT.
Step 4:Test the Hypothesis • Since it is unethical to intentionally harm animals, Ms. Carson will do a field study. Materials: binoculars, data recording sheet, science notebook, writing instruments, plastic bags
Step 4:Test the Hypothesis (cont.) Procedures: • ]Step 1: Select two farms where the species of birds that are affected live • Farm A uses DDT • Farm B does not use DDT • Step 2: Observe the birds diet, estimate their population, look for signs of illness, count any dead birds. Count sick birds. Do this for 6 months. • Step 3 Record Data
Step 6: Draw Conclusions • The results show the death rate is much higher near the farm that uses DDT. • Therefore, DDT is bad for birds.
Step 7: Communicate Results • Speak to farmers about findings. • Write a report and send it to the company that makes DDT. • Share results with lawmakers that can make changes nationwide and worldwide.