Pop Culture. The things that define a generation or era For Example: Politicians and Celebrities (icons) TV Shows and Movies Art, Music and Literature Fashions and Fads International Events. Universalization of Popular Culture.
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The things that define a generation or era
The production by media transnationals of the majority of television programs, films, magazines, etc., that are consumed by a vast world audience
A mass media corporation that produces television programs, films, music, books, etc., in two or more countries
The deal being discussed for Facebook and Google to buy out Twitter
They have too much influence over world culture – if only a few corporations control all media, whose views are being represented?
Smaller, diverse media cannot compete
They don’t use their power to express voices of diverse cultures
Most of the films you see are American
This is because they are made by media transnationals in the US; independent Canadian film companies can’t compete
The blending of media and communications technologies resulting in new modes of expression and cross-cultural consumption
Creates new cultures and identities among people as they mix traditional arts in new ways
Example: Mash-ups (anyone seen Glee?!)
1840s – the telegraph began to be used in Canada East and Canada West to get information from one place to another
This was soon followed by the radio and telephone
Eventually technology developed into film and television, as well
How would these forms of communication been important in a country like Canada?
Public broadcasters, like the CBC, are mandated to promote Canadian culture; private broadcasters, like Global or CTV, are not
The CBC/SRC use radio, TV and the Internet to express Canadian perspectives
Because it is a public broadcaster, it is publicly funded; this causes some debate amongst the public: why?
Some stations are created to broadcast the news and views of minorities
TV5 – French- language TV
APTN – Aboriginal news and languages
A language spoken by a minority of people in a country
Example: French in Canada
Languages are threatened by globalization
Some governments pass laws or regulate the media to protect these languages
1867 – French and English were recognized as the official languages of Parliament in the BNA Act
1963 – PM Pearson appointed the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism (The Bi-and-Bi Commission) to recommend ways to make an equal partnership between French and English
1969 – PM Trudeau passed the Official Languages Act to:
1970 – a Commissioner of Official Languages was appointed to investigate concerns regarding language in government
1982 – Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms permanently protects official bilingualism
Public authority that regulates and promotes Canadian culture in the broadcast media
Known as the CRTC
Regulates Canadian content for broadcast – 35% for radio, 50% for TV