Jigsaw Molly Martin &Ian Davis EDUC314September 29, 2011
Jigsaw Cooperative Learning • Created by Dr. Elliot Aronson in Austin, TX schools • Used for over three decades • Successful at • Breaking down barriers between diverse groups • Reaching more sophisticated levels of understanding about content • Reducing individual competition for grades overall • Increasing positive learning outcomes • Focused on comprehension during reading • All members of the home teams are key to the success of the overall team
Jigsaw Benefits Most teachers find jigsaw easy to learn and implement Can be used with many subjects (e.g., sciences, math, social studies, languages, art, sports, industrial arts, etc.) It can be used with other teaching strategies Makes learning material easy for students Method encourages listening, engagement and empathy
Jigsaw Implementation Tips • Enables introduction of worthwhile written materials • Incorporates additional source material to broaden curriculum • Strategy can be used with materials that • Are closely related (complementary) • Have differing points of view (conflicting) • Divide a single reading into sections for increased understanding
Jigsaw Challenges Dominant students – the group leaders call on students in a fair way and spread participation evenly. Groups run better if everyone presents their material before questions & comments. Group self-interest reduces dominance issues. Students w/ poor study skills – must function well in home and expert groups, so the quality of all work is enhanced by participation in expert groups and need to present back to home groups.
Jigsaw Challenges (cont.) Bright students becoming bored – boredom can be minimized by encouraging the bright students to take on “teacher” or “leader” roles in the groups, thus replacing boredom with a challenge. Learning may be more thorough for students in teacher roles. Competitive students – usually not a problem if Jigsaw has been used from early grades. Doesn’t need to be a problem if Jigsaw is used often in later grades and students with competitive behaviors learn to appreciate its strengths.
Jigsaw in 10 steps (1-5) Divide students into small “home” groups Appoint one student from each group as the leader Divide the day's lesson into segments Assign each student to learn one segment Give students time to read over their segment and become familiar with it
Jigsaw in 10 steps (6-10) Form temporary "expert groups" to discuss the main points of their segment and rehearse the presentations Bring the students back into their home groups Each student presents their segment to the group, encouraging questions Teacher observes group processes, may intervene At the end of the session, evaluate learning through quiz, presentation, etc.
Jigsaw Activity Split into x “home groups” of 4 students Each student in each home group will read an article on a periodic group – 2-3 minutes Each home group expert will join an expert team and list as many items as possible from the article to share with their home group – 7 minutes Each home group will reconvene and each expert will share their enhanced knowledge with their home group while all periodic tables are completed – 2 minutes/person (8 minutes total)
The Elements (with helpful chart) Song courtesy Tom Lehrer (w/ apologies to Gilbert & Sullivan)
References Jigsaw Classroom (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2011 from http://www.jigsaw.org/ Jigsaw Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2011 from http://www.jigsaw.org/pdf/basics.pdf Periodic table handout. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2011 from http://tablecover1.com/category/free-periodic-table-picture/ Fisher, D. , & Brozo, W.G. (2011). 50 Instructional routines to develop content literacy (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.
References Noble Gases. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_gas Alkaline Metals. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 15, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkali_metal Alkaline Earth Metals. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 15, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkaline_earth_metal Halogens. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved September 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/halogens All Wikipedia periodic group information heavily edited The Periodic Table. (n.d.). Retrieved September 28, 2011 from http://www.ptable.com/