Older People Centered: DRM and Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Building Initiative Lessons from HelpAge International Ethiopia Country Program in Borena Zone, Oromia. In this presentation
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Older People Centered: DRM and Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Building InitiativeLessons from HelpAge International Ethiopia Country Program in Borena Zone, Oromia
The world is changing rapidly, Global warming is on the rise, leading to greater environmental and climatic risks.
These changes are occurring alongside rapid population growth and population ageing. The current number of people aged over 60 (11%) is projected to double to 22 per cent by 2050. The “oldest-old” (80 and above) constitute the fastest growing age segment of the older population;
Older People Vulnerabilities
Older men and women and other socially neglected segment of communities are among the most vulnerable and highly at risk people to disasters and more adversely affected by the impacts of climate change.
The higher susceptibility and increased vulnerability to hazards of these groups of people arise from multiple factors, as social, physical, economic, as well as Policy factors.
Older People’s Capacities . . .
Although various actors recognize that everyone has a right to humanitarian assistance/ DRM regardless of who they are:
How the international humanitarian system /DRMF/, in practice, is sufficiently set up to ensure the inclusion of specific vulnerabilities and needs of older people and other socially vulnerable groups?
How humanitarian/ DRM actors take advantage of the contribution that older people can make to their communities passing on ‘traditional’ knowledge, skills and experience in disaster risk management?
HelpAge International advocates for “intergenerational approach and Inclusive Framework” in disaster risk management, which aims at supporting the development and promotion of intergenerational practice, where older people take the leading role, as a catalyst for effective disaster risk management at community level”
Main drives. . .
Twin-Tracks approach to inclusive DRM
Promote an inclusive system with ordinary, support and specialised services
Empowerment of vulnerable groups to participate in and contribute to DRM
Available, accessible and acceptable to all
Borena zone, of Oromia Regional State Mostly Pastoralists with some agro-pastoralists;
Drought being the main hazard that induce disaster, the Borena community suffers from recurrent drought.
The project practice
The high level of community participation helped identify the actual representatives of the most vulnerable groups
The project was able to identify the right beneficiaries for the respective interventions such as restocking and cash for work
The knowledge sharing of the older persons to the young ones including those in schools was also important
From coming in to the public of these groups of people were happy to know one another being surprised by the number turnout which they were unaware.
The project was able to address the felt needs of these groups and the community at large for which they contributed a lot in the management and inputs such as labor
Their involvement helped in building transparency, accountability and ownership of the projectThe achievements . . . accountability, ownership, sustainability and replication
More Inclusive Community Risk Management Initiatives where older people shared their knowledge and Expertise in Risk Profiling and Risk Analysis work. Their knowledge about
the very local environment,
how the community depends on various environmental services in Borena contexts is critical for climate change adaption and is strong and essential to understand if climate vulnerability and capacity is to be properly understood, something that scientific information on a more macro scale cannot provide.
OP and Community Based Water Shed Management;
PwD and Older Women have directly benefited from restocking;
PWD and their buddies support structure strengthened mutual support and contributed to the management of the restocking work targeting the most vulnerable ones;
The Use of Schools based DRR /CCA club and their collaboration with intergenerational DRR clubs is being found as a supportive structure to promote education and public awareness. It is an avenue to build intergenerational solidarity for climate change management;
Systematic collection and use of Sex and Age Disaggregated Data - SADD: key to ensure evidence based programming, Determine the numbers and kind of protection needed, Design diversified & multi-dimensional response or coordinated response among actors;
More inclusive approach for the most vulnerable social groups is always advisable since the socio-economically vulnerable groups are the most exposed to natural/ unnatural disaster - Systemic and Individual level