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Panic selling. Stocks drop. Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity. Agr crisis in US when farmers can ’ t pay mortgages on land bought during the war. Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again. Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

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slide1

Panic selling

Stocks drop

Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity

Agr crisis in US when farmers can’t pay mortgages on land bought during the war

Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again

Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

5000 US banks, which over-invested in stock mkt, crash Eur. Banks crash when US banks call in loans

Tariffs to protect home mkts

Stock mkt craze in US where investors pay only 10% down & borrow rest from banks at 10-15% interest

Stocks must rise 10-15%/yr to break even  Investors prone to panic selling at 1st sign of trouble

Unbalanced $ flow to US for loans, goods & resources

US loans & sales to Eur.

Higher prices & heavier competition  fewer mkts

FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29)

After-effects of World War I on world economy (FC.128)

Eur’s rebuild ind’s, but don’t reclaim mkts (FC.128)

US takes over many Eur. Mkts (FC.128)

Loss of faith in econ.

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Cut production

Worldwide depression (FC.132)

slide2

FC.132 THE GREAT DEPRESSION & EFFORTS TO SOLVE IT (1929-39)

More unemployment  Fewer consumers

Surplus in govt. treasury

Tax low & spend high in hard times

Stimulates econ. recovery

Tax high & spend low in prosperous times

US: FDR’s New Deal supports:

Govt’s raise tariffs & establish import quotas, trading blocs & bilateral trade pacts  World trade drops 2/3 by 1933

Brit. Abandons gold standard & devalues its currency to undersell for. Competition  Other nations copy  Chaos

Can better defend itself

Depression deepens & internat’l tensions build  Growing belief that the Indust. State should work more actively to ensure the welfare of soc.

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Can better defend itself

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Rising international tensions

Keynesian Economics

Electronics & radar

Milit., navy, & aircraft

Brit: funds new programs:

Depression spreads over the globe (FC.131)

Govt’s cut civil servants’ pay & public works programs

Germany, Italy, & Japan build their military Short-term jobs, but also aggression (FC.135)

Banks, Agr., & vital ind’s

Publ. works  Jobs

Aggression escalates into World War II (FC.136)

slide3

FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925)

Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise

Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing:

Is aggressively nationalistic

Political & economic chaos in Italy

Few resources in Italy

Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power

Italy’s military strength

Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams)

Controls most aspects of society

Rise of Fascism which:

Italy’s ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft

World War I (FC.127)

Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130)

Allows private prop. & free enterprise

Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity & power by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order.

Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers He ends civil liberties

Depression (FC.132)

Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134)

slide4

FC.134 THE RISE OF HITLER AND THE NAZIS (1919-39)

Moderate but weak Weimar Republic  Can’t maintain law & order

Hitler builds his power & Ger. Nat’l pride by:

Making Jews scapegoats for Ger’s problems

Nazis gain support during Depression using a combination of:

Industrialists make Hitler chancellor (1933) to stop Comm’s

Nazis burn the Reichstag & blame the Communists Emergency powers & legal basis for Hitler’s dictatorship

Rise of Hitler & Nazis who believe in:

Strain on Ger. econ  aggression

Growing fear of Ger. aggression

Harsh Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Depression  Higher tariffs & tensions (FC.132)

Ger. econ. collapses with U.S. stock Mkt. (FC.131)

Ger. bitter & unstable

Belief Jews betrayed Ger.

Avenging Tr. of Vers.

Master Aryan race

Hatred of Jews, Slavs, & other “inferior” races

Street fights vs. Comm’s to embarrass weak Ger. Govt

Propaganda + free food & festivals to win popularity

Rearming Germany to 7X its 1933 level

Using terror, govt. powers, & propaganda to crush his enemies 1 by 1

World War II (FC.135)

slide5

FC.135 THE ROAD TO WORLD WAR II

Japan takes Manchuria (1931)  Invades China (1937) W. powers do nothing

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Fr allies w/Ger’s neighbors, incl. Russia

Fr & Br finally decide to stop future Ger aggression

Br, fearing Rus. Power, lets Ger. Rebuild its navy

Allies try to overthrow communists Rus. Hostile vs. Western powers

Intense fear of war

Stalin allies w/Hitler since Fr & Br won’t stop Hitler

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Encourages fascist aggression

Italy invades Ethiopia (1935)

Hitler occupies Rhineland (‘36)

Ger. & It. intervene in Sp. Civ. War

Hitler occupies Austria (1938

Hitler takes Sudetenland (‘38)

Hitler takes rest of Czech (3/’39)

Intense fear of war

Western powers fail to react

First World War (FC.127)

Depression (FC.132)

Rus. Rev. (FC.130)

Ger. bitter It rearms (FC.134)

Ger. invades Poland (9/1/39) Fr & Br decl. war on Ger WW II (FC.136)

slide6

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Devastation of Ger’’s cities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

New developments in warfare:

Blitzkrieg using concerted attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

France & Brit. declare war, but do nothing vs Ger. while it is involved in E. Europe

Hitler takes Norway, Denmark, & Fr. (1940)

Continued population growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Continuous front is mobile  Much more destruction

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Stalin takes E. Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, & parts of Romania

Ger. Blitzkrieg almost conquers SU in 1941

Br., w/US aid, hangs on vs Ger. Air raids & submarine raids on its shipping in N. Atlantic

Russian winter allows Russians to bolster defenses vs new Ger. offensive in 1942

Russians stop Ger’s @ Leningrad & destroy a Ger. army @ Stalingrad

US helps Br. drive Ger’s from N. Afr. & invade Italy to divert Ger’s fr. Russia

Exper. of Italian camp. & Stalin’s pressure to open 2nd front US & Br. invade occupied France (1944)

Russian perseverance, ind. prod. & allied aid via Arctic ocean help drive Ger’s back across E. Eur. (1943-5)

US Br. launch air raids vs Ger cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)

slide7

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Blitzkrieg using concentr. attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

Continued popul. growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

New developments in warfare:

Continuous front is mobileMuch more destruction

  • Hitler takes
  • W Eur (exc. Br)
  • Ger subs & air force fail to break Br., now helped by US
  • US & Br
  • drive Ger’s
  • from N Afr &
  • invade Italy
  • Invade occupied
  • Eur(1944)
  • Drive Ger’s
  • back to Ger

Stalin takes

Baltic states &

E. Poland

Ger attacks

USSR (1941)

 Wins at 1st

 Turned

back at

Moscow,

Leningrad,

& Stalingrad

 Red Army,

Rus. winter,

& allied aid

drive Ger’s

back to Ger

US & Br. launch air raids vsGer cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Devastation of Ger’scities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)

slide8

Japan launches surprise attack on US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii (12/7/1941)

Atomic bombs devastate Hiroshima (8/6/45) & Nagasaki (8/9/45) but not before Stalin declares war on Japan (8/8/45)

US develops & tests 1st atomic bomb (7/161945)

US wants to win the war before Stalin can intervene in E. Asia

Allies poised to invade Japan by mid 1945, but worried about massive casualties they would suffer

US cuts oil supplies to Japan to force it to stop expansion (1941)

Japan plans to conquer SE Asia & set up Greater E. Asia Co-Prosperity sphere to discredit Eur. powers & gain economic control of E. Asia

Japan surrenders (9/2/1945)

Japan worn down by enemy’s numbers & firepower

US & allies drive Japanese back island by islandIn range to bomb Japanese cities

US war prod. Huge numbers of ships & planes in S. Pacific

Japanese over-confidence contributes to major naval defeat at Midway (June, 1942)

Huge island empirehard to supply or concentrate its forces

Nearly unbroken string of Japanese victories in early 1942  Mounting problems for Japan:

US submarines ravage Japan’s unprotected shipping

FC.137 WORLD WAR II IN THE PACIFIC (1937-45)

Stalemate between Japan & China (FC.135)

Hitler fails to keep Japan informed of his plans vs. Russia (FC.135)

France & Britain distracted by war in Eur. (FC.136)

Civil war in China resumes Comm’s take over (FC.147)

Tensions b/w US & SU resume Cold War (FC.138)

slide9

FC.135A THE SPANISH REVOLUTION (1931-75)

30 Yrs. War (FC.88)

Corrupt Bourbon mon. since 1700 (FC.95)

Conq of Sp. from Moors in 1492 (FC.46B)

Backward & feudal soc. w/powerful Church, rich landowners, impoverished peasants, & growing & discontented working class in Sp’s few ind. Cities (Madrid, Barcelona, & Bilbao)

WWI Huge debts for combatants (FC.128)

WWI Huge debts for combatants (FC.128)

Other Eur. Ec’s revive (FC.131)

Other Eur. Ec’s revive (FC.131)

Since Sp. wasn’t involved in WWI  Brief period of industrialization & econ. Growth but corrupt govt.  Dictatorship of Primo Rivera (1923-30)

Spain can’t compete w/bigger Eur. Econ’s Decline Monarchy restored  Elections  Moderate & liberal republic replaces monarchy in 1931

Spain divided into several factions:

Socialists in N & Cent. Sp. who want control of ind’s in cent. state

Falangists (fascists) supported by gen’s, rich, & Church

Separatist Catalans in northeast & Basques in N.

Anarchists esp. in Catalonia who want no army or cent. Govt.

Republicans: Liberals, intellectuals, lower MC, shop owners

  • Liberals unable to keep people at either extreme happy
  • Right wing coalition wins elections (1933) Repression & hunger

 Socialists & Republicans win back power in 1936 elections

Fascist dictatorship in Italy sympathetic to Franco (FC.133)

Fascist dictatorship in Germany sympathetic to Franco (FC.134)

Growing violence on both sides  Troops under Gen. Francisco Franco land from Morocco to over throw govt.

Spanish Civil War (1936-9) between:

Republicans supported by Catalans & Basque separatists, socialists, anarchists, SU, & internat’l brigades

Nationalists supported by fascist gen’s, rich landowners, Church & aid from fascist Germany & Italy

Pattern of fighting:

Both sides commit atrocities: Rep’s murder priests & nuns while fascists murder leftists & use aerial bombing & poison gas

Fascist aid proved more effectiveNat’lists cut Madrid, Catalonia, & Basques off from each other Gradually took rest of Spain

Franco winsStrict fascist dictatorship until his death in 1975Liberal Const. Mon.  Spain stabilizes and starts to prosper.

slide10

FC.134A. THE “GERMAN REVOLUTION” COMPARED TO THE FRENCH

REVOLUTION (1918-90)

Growing gap b/w ec. progress & soc. & polit.stagnationRising frustration aggravated by:

Rising cost of wars for Fr. & Germany:

Weak rulers Events get out of control:

Enlightideas on liberty in Fr. (FC.100)

Appeal of Marxism to the poor (FC.121)

Fr. debts from Am. Rev. (FC.104)

High cost of WWI for Ger. (FC.128)

Weak rule of Louis XVI (FC.104)

WWI Rev Wilhelm II ousted (FC.127)

Moderate govt.keeps old policies to seem legit.

Nat’l Assem. In Fr. honors royal debt (FC.105A)

Weimar Rep. signs Tr. of Versailles (FC.128)

Rising discontent as new gov’s moderate policies fail to quickly fix the problems that caused the rev.

Growing internal turmoil

Rise of violent rad. factions

Robespierre & Jacobins, supported by urban sans culottes, seize power & restore order through severe measures & Reign of Terror (FC.1O5C)

Hitler & Nazis, supported by Mid. Class & rich, seize power & restore order through severe measures & terror (FC.134)

Conservative backlash or retrenchment:

Thermidorean Reaction in France Directory (FC.105C)

Hitler crushes rad. wing of Nazis to please army & industrialists (FC.134)

Ruthless dictator tames rev. & uses its ideas for his purposes:

Napoleon’s wars wreck France (FC.106B)

Hitler wrecks Germany in WWII (FC.136)

Gradual evolution toward stable economy & democracy:

Rev’s of 1830 & 1848 Napoleon III whose ec. reforms prepare Fr. For 3rd Republic (FC.108)

Allied occup. W. Ger evolves into stable democ. Unif. w/E. Ger in 1990 (FC.149)

slide12

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s.

slide13

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

slide14

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow?

slide15

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

slide16

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s?

slide17

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’sPrinciple came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were high Demand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

slide18

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgages Lost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results?

slide19

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

slide20

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's

slide21

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

slide22

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market?

slide23

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWI Farmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

slide24

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called?

slide25

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

slide26

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion.

slide27

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

slide28

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

slide29

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

Panic selling

Stocks drop

slide30

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

Panic selling

Stocks drop

slide31

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop

slide32

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

8) Impact on Europe?

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop

slide33

POST WAR BOOM & BUST

Compare British economic dominance in 1800s w/US dominance in the 1900s. Britain

had a cash flow going both into & out of Britain. US had more of a 1 way cash flow that was too dependent on US econ.-> Less healthy for world econ.

2) Why was there such an imbalance in cash flow? US had taken over Eur. mkts during

WWI & had loaned out money to Eur’s-> Principle came back w/interest

3) Problem for US agric. in 1920s? Had over-invested in land during WWI when grain prices

were highDemand & prices fall after WWIFarmers can’t pay mortgagesLost farms

4) How did nations protect their econ’s after WWI and the results? Tariffs-> Counter-

tariffs-> Higher prices everywhere-> Sales declined-> More tariffs, etc.

ECT: Percent of new industries US controlled in 1920's 80%

5) Fatal flaw of stock market? Could buy stocks w/only 10% down-> Stocks had to rise

10-15% each year just to pay loan & break even-> Investors prone to panic & sell if

market starts to go down.

ECT: What was this practice called? Buying on margin

ECT: Significance of $45.3 billion & $73 billion. Growth of credit in US econ 1920-9

6) Vicious cycle of stock market crash?

7) Vicious cycle of econ. Decline this triggered?

8) Impact on Europe? US banks called in loans from Eur.-> Eur. banks & econ’s crashed

Loss of faith in econ.

Cut production

Loss of jobs & consumers

Less buying & investment

Panic selling

Stocks drop

slide34

Loss of faith in econ.

Stocks drop

Panic selling

Less buying & investment

Loss of jobs & consumers

Cut production

Unstable world econ. in 1920s despite illusion of prosperity

Agr crisis in US when farmers can’t pay mortgages on land bought during the war

5000 US banks, which over-invested in stock mkt, crash Eur. Banks crash when US banks call in loans

Agr. Boom in US from selling grain to Eur.

Higher prices & heavier competition  fewer mkts

Tariffs to protect home mkts

Stock mkt craze in US where investors pay only 10% down & borrow rest from banks at 10-15% interest

Stocks must rise 10-15%/yr to break even  Investors prone to panic selling at 1st sign of trouble

Unbalanced $ flow to US for loans, goods & resources

US loans & sales to Eur.

Agr. prices fall in 1920s when Eur. can feed itself again

FC.131 POST WAR BOOM AND BUST (1920-29)

After-effects of World War I on world economy (FC.128)

Eur’s rebuild ind’s, but don’t reclaim mkts (FC.128)

US takes over many Eur. Mkts (FC.128)

Worldwide depression (FC.132)

slide37

Run on a bank after stock market crash

What is this a picture of?

slide39

Bank foreclosing mortgage on a farmer

What is this a picture of?

slide41

The New York Stock Exchange

What is this a picture of?

slide44

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?

Flapper

In what decade would you see such a fashion?

slide45

What term was used to describe this stylish young woman?

Flapper

1920s

In what decade would you see such a fashion?

slide49

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result?

slide50

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

slide51

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result?

slide52

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

slide53

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40

slide54

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

slide55

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act.

slide56

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

slide57

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result?

slide58

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

slide59

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result?

slide60

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

slide61

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff?

slide62

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia

slide63

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia

ECT: What was TVA?

slide64

THE DEPRESSION

1) Old strategies nations followed to get out of Depression & result? More tariffs, cut

public works projects & civil service jobs=> Depr. Got worse.

2) New strategies Britain followed & result? Went off gold standard & devalued pound-> Br. Goods cheaper than foreign goods-> Other nations did same-> More econ. Chaos

ECT:Significance of $4.86 & $3.40 Value of dollar to pound before & after Br.

Devalued pound

3) Br. Economist & his new idea of how govt’s should act. John Maynard Keynes thought govt’s should act opposite how individuals & businesses do: Tax high & spend low during good times to build surplus-> Can Tax low & spend high in bad times-> Can revive econ.

4) How did US & Britain follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded public works & social programs-> Better able to defend themselves when WWII came

5) How did Germany, Italy, & Japan follow Keynes & result? Heavily funded military buildup-> No econ. Return-> Pressure to invade other countries-> WWII

ECT: Imp. of Smoot-Hawley Tariff? Locked Japan out of US mkts-> Aggression in Asia

ECT: What was TVA? Tennessee Valley Authority-> Hydroelectric power in the South

slide65

FC.132 THE GREAT DEPRESSION & EFFORTS TO SOLVE IT (1929-39)

Milit., navy, & aircraft

Depression deepens & internat’l tensions build  Growing belief that the Indust. State should work more actively to ensure the welfare of soc.

Surplus in govt. treasury

Tax low & spend high in hard times

Stimulates econ. recovery

Tax high & spend low in prosperous times

US: FDR’s New Deal supports:

Can better defend itself

Govt’s raise tariffs & establish import quotas, trading blocs & bilateral trade pacts  World trade drops 2/3 by 1933

More unemployment  Fewer consumers

Brit. Abandons gold standard & devalues its currency to undersell for. Competition  Other nations copy  Chaos

Govt’s cut civil servants’ pay & public works programs

Electronics & radar

Banks, Agr., & vital ind’s

Brit: funds new programs:

Can better defend itself

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Rising international tensions

Keynesian Economics

Publ. works  Jobs

Social programs  Safety net for poor

Depression spreads over the globe (FC.131)

Germany, Italy, & Japan build their military Both jobs, & aggression (FC.135)

Aggression escalates into World War II (FC.136)

slide67

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism?

slide68

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

slide69

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy?

slide70

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

slide71

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why?

slide72

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

slide73

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy?

slide74

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

slide75

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII?
slide76

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
slide77

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism?
slide78

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
slide79

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after?
slide80

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
slide81

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag?
slide82

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
slide83

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio
slide84

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
slide85

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them?
slide86

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
slide87

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name?
slide88

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia
slide89

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia
  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million?
slide90

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia
  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had
slide91

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia
  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had
  • ECT: How many Italian spy services were there & what they did do?
slide92

MUSSOLINI

1) Basic ideas of Fascism? Controls most aspects of soc., but allows free enterprise; Aggressively nationalistic.

2) Mussolini’s goals as ruler of Italy? Build Italy’s military & ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft; public works programs, esp. hydroelectric.

3) How successful was he & why? Not very due to poor planning, few resources, & the Depression

ECT: Significance of the numbers 8530 & 583 in Mussolini’s Italy? Size of air force

Benito claimed & really had

  • ECT: Where did Italians get their best artillery for WWII? Taken from Austria during WWI
  • ECT: Origin of word fascism? Fasces, bundle of rods that was symbol of power in Rome
  • ECT: Who was Benito named after? Benito Juarez, Mexican revolutionary
  • ECT: What did he call the national flag? Rag fit to be planted on dung heap
  • ECT: Who was Gabriel d’Annunzio Italian who seized Fiume from League of nations->
  • Hero to Italians & esp. Benito
  • ECT: What did the Black Shirts carry w/them? Clubs, razors to dry shave opponents, &
  • bottles of castor oil to force feed their enemies
  • ECT: Name of local Fascist party bosses & origin of that name? Ras; from Ethiopia
  • ECT: Significance of 12 million & 3 million? Size of army Benito claimed & actually had
  • ECT: How many Italian spy services were there & what they did do? 3. They spied on each other,planted fake documents in each others’ files, & got dates for Benito
slide93

FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925)

Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along

Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing:

Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power

Allows private prop. & free enterprise

Is aggressively nationalistic

Political & economic chaos in Italy

Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order.

Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise

Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922)

Rise of Fascism which:

Italy’s ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft

Italy’s military strength

Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams)

Few resources in Italy

Controls most aspects of society

Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers He ends civil liberties

World War I (FC.127)

Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130)

Depression (FC.132)

Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134)

slide106

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis?

slide107

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

slide108

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI?

slide109

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

slide110

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs?

slide111

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

slide112

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support?

slide113

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

slide114

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why?

slide115

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

slide116

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis?

slide117

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

slide118

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm?

slide119

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

slide120

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives?

slide121

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

slide122

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded?

slide123

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

slide124

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists?

slide125

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

slide126

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning?

slide127

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

slide128

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1?

slide129

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

slide130

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act?

slide131

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship

slide132

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship

ECT: What song helped get the Enabling Act passed?

slide133

HITLER

Factors that led to rise of Nazis? Tr. Of Versailles-> Heavy reparations-> econ. Instability-> Political instability-> Bitterness & betrayal myth-> Blamed Jews

ECT: Name of the German govt. after WWI? Weimar Republic

2) Nazi Beliefs? Master Aryan race, Hatred of Jews, Slavs & other inferior races; Avenge Tr. Of Versailles

Two tactics Nazis used to gain support? 1)Started riots vs Comm’s & then blame Comm’s & embarrass Govt; 2) Give free food & festivals to look nice to Ger’s

Who helped make Hitler Chancellor & why? Ger. industrialists who feared rising power of Communists;

ECT: How did the Reichstag Building help the Nazis? Nazis burned it & blamed Comm’s

ECT: Who was Ernst Rohm? Head of Brownshirts whom Hitler had murdered

ECT: Night of the Long Knives? Night when Hitler murdered Ernst Rohm & other rivals

ECT: What did 3 of Hitler’s 5 girlfriends try? How many succeeded? Suicide; 2

ECT: Who or what were the Spartacists? Ger communists who tried to overthrow Weimar Rep-> Army stepped in & gained influence in govt.

ECT: Name of Hitler's book & its meaning? Mein Kampf, My Struggle

ECT: Significance of the ratio one trillion to 1? Value of new Deutsch mark to old one

ECT: What was the Enabling Act? Law giving Hitler emergency powers for 4 yrs-> Used

it to dest. the democracy & est. dictatorship

ECT: What song helped get the Enabling Act passed? “Give us the bill or fire &

murder?”

slide135

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

slide136

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws?

slide137

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

slide138

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht?

slide139

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.

slide140

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.

ECT: How good was the German army from 1919-33?

slide141

5) How did Hitler try to build up Ger. power & pride? Rearmed Ger.; Persecuted Jews as scapegoats for Ger’s problems; Crushed enemies 1 by 1 through violence & intimid.

ECT: What were the Nuremburg Laws? Laws passed in 1935 that persecuted Jews

ECT: What was Krystallnacht? Night (11/8-9/1938) when Ger. mobs were encouraged to attack Jews & loot their businesses.

ECT: How good was the German army from 1919-33? Excellent b/c Ger soldiers were paid 6X of any other army-> Army had pick of recruits

slide142

FC.134 THE RISE OF HITLER AND THE NAZIS (1919-39)

Avenging Tr. of Vers.

Street fights vs. Comm’s to embarrass weak Ger. Govt

Moderate but weak Weimar Republic  Can’t maintain law & order

Hitler builds his power & Ger. Nat’l pride by:

Using terror, govt. powers, & propaganda to crush his enemies 1 by 1

Rearming Germany to 7X its 1933 level

Making Jews scapegoats for Ger’s problems

Propaganda + free food & festivals to win popularity

Nazis gain support during Depression using a combination of:

Industrialists make Hitler chancellor (1933) to stop Comm’s

Nazis burn the Reichstag & blame the Communists Emergency powers & legal basis for Hitler’s dictatorship

Belief Jews betrayed Ger.

Rise of Hitler & Nazis who believe in:

Hatred of Jews, Slavs, & other “inferior” races

Master Aryan race

Strain on Ger. econ  aggression

Growing fear of Ger. aggression

Ger. bitter & unstable

Harsh Treaty of Versailles (FC.128)

Depression  Higher tariffs & tensions (FC.132)

Ger. econ. collapses with U.S. stock Mkt. (FC.131)

World War II (FC.135)

slide162

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia?

slide163

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

slide164

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII?

slide165

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

slide166

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII?

slide167

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

slide168

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII?

slide169

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

slide170

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII?

slide171

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

slide172

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do?

slide173

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

slide174

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland?

slide175

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

slide176

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression?

slide177

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

slide178

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain?

slide179

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

slide180

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there?

slide181

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

slide182

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell?

slide183

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

slide184

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin?

slide185

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

slide186

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's.

slide187

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco

slide188

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco

ECT: Alphonso XIII's hobby that helped trigger revolution in Spain?

slide189

THE ROAD TO WWII

1) How did the Depression affect events in E. Asia? Depr-> tariffs vs. Japan-> Forced Japan to invade Manchuria for its food & resources-> Invaded China

2) What mindset helped-> WWII? Fear of war in lib. dem’s-> Encouraged fascist aggression

3) How did Russ. Rev. help lead to WWII? Hostility b/w SU & West-> Don’t coop vs. Ger.

4) How did relations b/w France & Brit. Help-> to WWII? They failed to coop. W/each other vs. Ger-> Ger able to get away w/one act of aggression after another

5) Pattern of aggression-> WWII? Fascist aggression<-> W. dem’s fail to act

6) What did Italy do? Invaded Ethiopia in 1935

7) What happened in the Rhineland? Hitler re-militarized it in defiance of Tr. Of Versailles

8) Excuse he used to justify each act of aggression? National self-determination

9) What did fascist Ger & Italy do in Spain? Intervened to help fascist Franco win civil war

10) What was Sudetenland & what happened there? Part of Czech w/large Ger. pop.-> Hitler demanded it become part of Ger-> Fr & Br gave in-> Took rest of Czech (3/39)

11) Reaction of Fr & Br after Czech fell? Determined to stop Hitler next time

12) Reaction of Stalin? Made pact w/Hitler to partition Poland (8/23/39)

ECT: How did Spain follow a typical pattern of rev's. Started w/weak moderate govt.->

Problems cont.-> Civil War (1936-39) won by Fascist Franco

ECT: Alphonso XIII's hobby that helped trigger revolution in Spain? Closing Nat’l highway so he could race his sports car

slide191

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

slide192

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War

slide193

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

slide194

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek?

slide195

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

slide196

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March

slide197

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

slide198

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”

slide199

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

slide200

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler.

slide201

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

slide202

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria?

slide203

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

slide204

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why?

slide205

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

slide206

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over?

slide207

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

slide208

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order

slide209

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

slide210

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig?

slide211

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland

slide212

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland

ECT: What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact

slide213

ECT: Name of the 2 factions in the Spanish Civil War? Republicans or Loyalists vs. Nationalists or fascists

ECT: Name of the winner in Spanish Civil War Francisco Franco

ECT: Who was Chiang Kai Chek? Leader of Nationalist China after Sun Yat Sen died

ECT: What was the Long March Year-long march by Chin. Communists to escape nationalist troops

ECT: What was the "peace of paper”Worthless treaty Br. Pr. Min. Neville Chamberlain signed w/Hitler promising lasting peace b/w the two countries

ECT: Why were some allied leaders reluctant to overthrow Hitler. They feared there would be no one to stop Stalin from conquering Eur. if Hitler fell

ECT: Name of the puppet state set up in Manchuria? Manchukuo

ECT: What did Freud say about the German Gestapo & why? He heartily endorsed them

ECT: What did Austrian professors have to do when the Nazis took over? Scrub the streets on their hands & knees

ECT: Describe the Ethiopian mobilization order Each man should bring a spear, 3 days rations & his wife to cook for him

ECT: Importance of Danzig? Free city in Polish Corridor that Hitler wanted back-> Invade Poland

ECT: What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact Treaty (1929) designed to outlaw war

slide214

FC.135 THE ROAD TO WORLD WAR II

Japan takes Manchuria (1931)  Invades China (1937) W. powers do nothing

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Fr allies w/Ger’s neighbors, incl. Russia

Fr & Br finally decide to stop future Ger aggression

Br, fearing Rus. Power, lets Ger. Rebuild its navy

Allies try to overthrow communists Rus. Hostile vs. Western powers

Intense fear of war

Stalin allies w/Hitler since Fr & Br won’t stop Hitler

Shows weakness & disunity of old alliance vs. Ger.

Encourages fascist aggression

Italy invades Ethiopia (1935)

Hitler occupies Rhineland (‘36)

Ger. & It. intervene in Sp. Civ. War

Hitler occupies Austria (1938

Hitler takes Sudetenland (‘38)

Hitler takes rest of Czech (3/’39)

Intense fear of war

Western powers fail to react

First World War (FC.127)

Depression (FC.132)

Rus. Rev. (FC.130)

Ger. bitter It rearms (FC.134)

Ger. invades Poland (9/1/39) Fr & Br decl. war on Ger WW II (FC.136)

slide216

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought?

slide217

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

slide218

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked?

slide219

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

slide220

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front?

slide221

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction

slide222

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction

4) Three things the allies did to adapt to it?

slide223

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Similar factors affecting how both WWI & WWII were fought? Population growth->

bigger armies & more tech-> more firepower

2) Name of this new type of war & how it worked? Blitzkrieg, which massed tanks & planes to break through strategic points in enemy line & surround them.

3) Impact on continuous front? Just made it mobile-> More widespread destruction

4) Three things the allies did to adapt to it? 1. Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg; 2. Put economies on full wartime footing; & 3. Developed long-range strategic bomber forces to use vs. enemy cities

slide224

FC.136 WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE (1939-45)

Allies adapt economies to full war product. right away

Devastation of Ger’’s cities & convergence of allied armies from E & W  Germany surrenders (5/8/1945)

New developments in warfare:

Blitzkrieg using concerted attacks by tanks & planes to break through enemy lines Designed for quick vict. to avoid prolonged war

France & Brit. declare war, but do nothing vs Ger. while it is involved in E. Europe

Hitler takes Norway, Denmark, & Fr. (1940)

Continued population growth

Tanks & planes fire-power & mobility

Continuous front is mobile  Much more destruction

Nazis become complacent while allies adapt to & modify some aspects of blitzkrieg:

Add motorized infantry & assault guns to slow blitzkrieg

Stalin takes E. Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, & parts of Romania

Ger. Blitzkrieg almost conquers SU in 1941

Br., w/US aid, hangs on vs Ger. Air raids & submarine raids on its shipping in N. Atlantic

Russian winter allows Russians to bolster defenses vs new Ger. offensive in 1942

Russians stop Ger’s @ Leningrad & destroy a Ger. army @ Stalingrad

US helps Br. drive Ger’s from N. Afr. & invade Italy to divert Ger’s fr. Russia

Exper. of Italian camp. & Stalin’s pressure to open 2nd front US & Br. invade occupied France (1944)

Russian perseverance, ind. prod. & allied aid via Arctic ocean help drive Ger’s back across E. Eur. (1943-5)

US Br. launch air raids vs Ger cities while they prepare to invade Ger. occupied Europe

Devastates Ger’s cities & diverts Ger. air power from E. Front  Russian air superiority on E. Front

Extend use of air power to mass bombing of cities

Hitler invades Poland (9/1/1939) World War II (FC.135)

Ind. Rev Faster tech. growth (FC.117)

Cold War b/w SU & US(FC. 138)

slide226

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian?

slide227

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

slide228

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler.

slide229

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

slide230

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II?

slide231

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

slide232

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary?

slide233

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

slide234

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France?

slide235

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

slide236

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger.

slide237

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

slide238

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications.

slide239

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

slide240

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks

slide241

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

slide242

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I?

slide243

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy

slide244

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy

10) Surprise phone call German HQ got from Guderian?

slide245

WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: POLAND AND FRANCE

1) Who was Heinz Guderian? German General who developed blitzkrieg techniques

2) Describe Guderian’s first demonstration of blitzkrieg for Hitler. He had mock cardboard

tanks put over cars or placards carried by men run around to show how it worked.

3) Name of the French line of fortifications in World War II? Maginot Line

4) What were Stuka’s and two things that made them scary? Dive bombers that looked

like they were coming straight at every enemy soldier. They also had scary sirens

5) How did the Schlieffen Plan fit into Hitler’s invasion of France? He used it as a decoy to

lure Fr. & Br. armies north while his real attack came through the Ardennes in S.

-> Cut allied forces in half

6) Story of Guderian “consolidating” his position during the Battle of France? Ger. HQ was

scared he was overextending himself & told him to halt-> He got permission to

consolidate his position-> Advanced all the way to the sea

7) Compare German communications with French communications. Germans used radios->

very fast; Fr. used motorcycle couriers-> slow & unreliable by 20th century standards

8)Compare German tanks with French tanks French tanks didn’t have radios to coordinate

their moves

9) Name of the puppet govt. in S. France in World War I? Vichy

10) Surprise phone call German HQ got from Guderian? He had already advanced to Swiss

border

slide247

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk?

slide248

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

slide249

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain?

slide250

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

slide251

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain?

slide252

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

slide253

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz?

slide254

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

slide255

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses?

slide256

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire

slide257

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire

6) Penalty for removing shrapnel & blocking a golfer’s path to the green?

slide258

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN

1) How were British ships guided to Dunkirk? Smoke from its burning oil tanks

2) Codename for the German plan to invade Britain? Operation Sea Lion

3) Tech advantage British had in the Battle of Britain? Radar

4) How did Britain’s mild climate hamper fire-fighting efforts during the Blitz? Water mains

were close to the surface-> more easily broken in air raids

5) Problem with British fire hoses? Made of canvas-> Caught fire

6) Penalty for removing shrapnel & blocking a golfer’s path to the green? None

slide260

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia?

slide261

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

slide262

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000?

slide263

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

slide264

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II.

slide265

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

slide266

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad?

slide267

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

slide268

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege?

slide269

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

slide270

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II?

slide271

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”

slide272

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”

7) What information did people in Leningrad hide during the siege and why?

slide273

THE WAR IN RUSSIA

1) German codename for invasion of Russia? Barbarossa

2) Significance of the numbers 20,000 and 10,000? Number of tanks Stalin had &

number Guderian told Hitler because if he told him the real number Hitler would say he

was lying to discourage invading Russia-> Hitler still thought he was exaggerating

3) Compare Stalin’s and Hitler’s management of World War II. Stalin started out micro-

managing the war with disastrous results & learned to let his generals fight. Hitler

became more of a micro-manager as the war went on-> Disaster

4) What took up to an hour to do during the siege of Leningrad? Walk 3 flights of steps

5) How did the people of Leningrad get their sugar during the siege? Scraping it off the

streets after it melted in a fire & ran out into the streets & froze on the pavement

6) Popular radio show in Russia after World War II? “I am Looking for Someone.”

7) What information did people in Leningrad hide during the siege and why? A relative’s

death so they could still use his ration card

slide275

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

slide276

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad?

slide277

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

slide278

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad?

slide279

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

slide280

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have?

slide281

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

slide282

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

slide283

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14?

slide284

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

slide285

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million

slide286

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

slide287

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain?

slide288

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets

slide289

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets

4) What rumor did many of the people of Dresden believe that made them feel secure?

slide290

8) How bright were the fires from the German bombing of Stalingrad You could read a

newspaper by their light 30 miles away

9) Radio message broadcast by the Russians during the battle of Stalingrad? “Every 10

seconds a German soldier is killed fighting in Stalingrad. Stalingrad is the mass grave of

the German Wermacht (army).”

10) How did the Russians defeat the Germans at Stalingrad? Broke through Germans’

flanks held by Italians and Rumanians and surrounded the German 6th Army.

11) What dubious distinction did the Battle of Kursk have? Largest battle in history

THE AIR WAR OVER EUROPE

1) Significance of the numbers 25 & 14? Number of flying missions bomber crews needed

to go home & average life expectancy of those crews in flying missions

2) Significance of the number 92 million Number of aluminum foil strips dropped by allied

bombers to overload German radar.

3) Most damaging aerial weapons to Britain? V1 & V2 rockets

4) What rumor did many of the people of Dresden believe that made them feel secure?

A secret deal between Hitler & Churchill where Germany wouldn’t bomb Oxford &

Britain wouldn’t bomb Dresden

slide292

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline?

slide293

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

slide294

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days?

slide295

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

slide296

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X?

slide297

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

slide298

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II?

slide299

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

slide300

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

slide301

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day?

slide302

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

slide303

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG?

slide304

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

slide305

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries?

slide306

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

slide307

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

slide308

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

slide309

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169?

slide310

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

slide311

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days?

slide312

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

slide313

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide?

slide314

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.

slide315

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.

8) What event especially sent Hitler over the deep end of paranoia?

slide316

THE WAR OF PRODUCTION

1) Russia’s primary lifeline? The Arctic Ocean

2) Significance of the numbers 196 and 10.3 days? Time cut from prod. of Liberty ship

3) Signif. of the numbers 5X and 2X? Productivity of Amer. Worker vs. Japanese & Ger’s

4) How much of Britain’s total economy was devoted to World War II? 50%

D-DAY & THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE

1) Codename of D-Day? Operation Overlord

2) What was FUSAG? First US Army Group: a fictional army group formed to make the

Germans believe the allies would be landing at Calais.

3) What were mulberries? Portable harbors built for D-Day

4) Argument between German generals Rommel and Rumsfeldt & how was it resolved?

Rommel wanted forward positions for tanks in France, Rumsfeldt wanted them in

reserve-> Hitler divided them.

5) Significance of the numbers 12,000 and 169? Allied planes vs. Ger. Planes on D-Day

6) Significance of the numbers 3 and 11days? Normal time for tanks to cross Germany &

time it took when allies controlled the air

7) Why did the German general Kluge commit suicide? He was summoned to Berlin for not

responding to call from Hitler (because his radio was out)-> Knew the Gestapo would kill

him anyway.

8) What event especially sent Hitler over the deep end of paranoia? An attempted

assassination in 1944

slide318

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”?

slide319

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

slide320

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine?

slide321

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

slide322

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids?

slide323

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

slide324

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for?

slide325

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

slide326

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts?

slide327

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945

slide328

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945

6) What was the fatal significance of May 1 for Russian soldiers in the Battle of Berlin?

slide329

END OF THE 3RD REICH

1) What was the significance of the word “nuts”? American general’s one word reply to German demand to surrender at the Battle of Bastogne

2) How did Churchill celebrate the allied crossing of the Rhine? By peeing into it

3) What did German boys trade after allied air raids? Pieces of bomb shrapnel

4) What did Russian soldiers use teddy bears for? Gave them to children when they took a town to make them happy & took them away when they left to give to children in next town

5) What were panzerfausts? One shot anti-tank guns given to German boys defending Berlin against the Russian army in April, 1945

6) What was the fatal significance of May 1 for Russian soldiers in the Battle of Berlin? International workers’ holiday & Stalin ‘s deadline for taking Berlin-> thousands of needless casualties

slide331

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere?

slide332

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

slide333

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted?

slide334

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

slide335

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor?

slide336

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

slide337

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance?

slide338

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

slide339

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy?

slide340

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

slide341

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire?

slide342

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

slide343

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

slide344

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

slide345

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima?

slide346

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

slide347

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message?

slide348

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”

slide349

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”

10) What else was remarkable about that message?

slide350

THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

1)What was the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere? Japan’s empire & proposed

economic union with East Asia where it would get raw materials from Asian nations and

sell its manufactured goods to the captive markets.

2) What did radar show on the morning of 12/7/1941 and how was it interpreted? It

showed incoming Japanese planes, but was viewed as US planes scheduled to come in

3)What one bit of good luck did The US have during the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Its

carrier fleet wasn’t there.

4)What was the Doolittle raid and its significance? A bombing raid on Tokyo in early 1942

that didn’t do much damage, but did raise American morale.

5) What loophole in a naval arms treaty affected the Japanese navy? It didn’t cover

aircraft carriers

6) The main difficulty facing Japan in defending its empire? Supplying all its islands

7) What decisive event took place between 10:40 and 10:45 AM on June 4, 1942?

An Amer squadron found the Jap. fleet open to attack & destroyed much of it

8) Besides wanting to force Japan to surrender, why else did the US very likely drop the

atomic bomb on Hiroshima? To keep Stalin out of the war in Asia

9) How did the emperor Hirohito describe the course of the war in his surrender

message? “The war has not necessarily gone to our advantage.”

10) What else was remarkable about that message? It was the first time the Japanese

public had ever heard the emperor speak.