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Goals and Objectives. Sarah A. McCarty MD February 29, 2008. Gary Larson Far Side. Objectives. Differentiate between goals and learning objectives Describe characteristics of well written objectives Write objectives that can be linked to outcome measures

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goals and objectives

Goals and Objectives

Sarah A. McCarty MD

February 29, 2008

objectives
Objectives
  • Differentiate between goals and learning objectives
  • Describe characteristics of well written objectives
  • Write objectives that can be linked to outcome measures
  • Integrate Blooms taxonomy into objectives
  • Discuss phases in teaching in which goals and objectives are useful
slide4
Goal
  • General statement of ultimate outcome
    • Global or Broad statement
    • Involves multiple learning objectives
    • May not be directly measurable more implied measurement
examples of goals
Examples of Goals
  • The goal of the medical school curriculum is to enable students to deliver quality medical care in a supervised environment
  • The goal of the Introduction to Physical Exam course is to enable students to obtain a medical history and perform a physical examination
  • The goal of the ear exam lecture is to enable students to perform a normal ear exam
objectives6
Objectives
  • What it takes to get to the goal
learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Clear, Concise, Specific Statement
  • Observable student behaviors
  • Measurable so it can be evaluated
  • Contribute to the goal
  • Also known as performance objectives or competencies
objectives8
Objectives
  • Learner centered
  • Behavioral terms/ action verbs
  • One statement-one objective
  • Realistic for time allotted
  • Learner appropriate
examples of learning objectives
Examples of Learning Objectives
  • At the end of this lecture the first year student will be able to:
    • 1. Identify the normal landmarks of the tympanic membrane
    • 2. Demonstrate the proper way to hold an otoscope
    • 3. Position the patients head properly when observing the tympanic membrane
blooms taxonomy
Blooms Taxonomy
  • Cognitive-Knowledge
  • Affective-Attitudes
  • Psychomotor-Skills
cognitive
Cognitive
  • Factual knowledge-recall and memorize
  • Comprehension-translate from one form to another
  • Application-apply or use information in a new situation
  • Analysis-examine a concept and break it down into parts
  • Synthesis-put info together in a unique way
  • Evaluation-make judgments using standards of appraisal
affective
Affective
  • Attitudes
  • Beliefs
  • Emotions
  • Expectations
  • Relationships
psychomotor
Psychomotor
  • Using and coordinating
    • Skeletal muscles
    • Vision
    • Hearing
    • Speech
    • Touch
psychomotor17
Psychomotor
  • Precontrol
  • Control
  • Utilization
  • Automation
writing learning objectives
Writing Learning Objectives
  • Three characteristics of objectives:
    • Behavior-Describe the competency to be learned in performance terms: Choose your verb wisely
    • Conditions-Conditions under which the learner will be expected to perform
    • Criterion-how well a student must be able to perform to be judged adequate
choosing your verb
Choosing Your Verb
  • Should reflect the domain
  • In cognitive domain should reflect level of learning expected
  • Should be clearly measurable
    • Do not use learn, understand etc
  • Drives your evaluation tool/outcome measure
learning objectives format
Learning Objectives Format
  • Stem
  • List of learning objectives starting with a verb and finishing with content
  • Conditions
  • How well
example
Example
  • At the end of this lecture the first year student will be able to:
    • 1. Identify the normal landmarks of the tympanic membrane when shown a picture of the tympanic membrane
    • 2. Demonstrate the proper way to hold an otoscope
    • 3. Position the patients head properly when observing the tympanic membrane
when to use goals and objectives
When to use goals and objectives

Planning

Implementing

Evaluation

planning
Planning
  • Time
  • Place
  • Learners
  • Resources
implementing
Implementing
  • Instructional objectives
  • In small groups the proper way to hold the otoscope will be demonstrated
  • In lecture the students will be shown a picture of the TM and landmarks will be reviewed
  • In small groups students under supervision and using the UK checklist will practice the ear exam on standardized patients
evaluation
Evaluation

Outcome measures

Based on the verb used and the expected level of learning

Clearly linked to learning objectives

evaluation26
Evaluation
  • The student will be given a picture of a tympanic membrane and asked to identify the landmarks
  • In an OSCE exam the student will be asked to examine the ear and checklist item will include tilting head to opposite side