AAFP Article Review . Priya Vasudevan MD PGY 3 Emory Family Medicine . Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis Management of Obesity Anemia in Children. Allergic Rhinitis.
Emory Family Medicine
Conclusion is bariatric surgery is an option for adults who have BMI of 40 kg per m2 or higher.
Guidelines for the management of obesity have been available for many years, but the extent to which they have been adopted into primary care is unknown.
1. Which one of the following treatments is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in a four-year-old child with allergic rhinitis? (check one)
A. Intranasal beclomethasone (Beconase).
B. Intranasal triamcinolone (Nasacort)
C. Loratadine (Claritin).
D. Azelastine (Astelin
2. Which one of the following statements about nonpharmacologic therapy for allergic rhinitis is correct? (check one)
A. Immunotherapy should be considered for all patients after an initial trial of an oral second-generation antihistamine.
B. Acupuncture is an effective treatment.
C. Probiotics and herbal supplements are effective treatments.
D. Sublingual immunotherapy is an effective option for selected adults.
3. Which of the following statements about intranasal antihistamines are correct? (check all that apply)
A. They are approved for children as young as four years.
B. They may cause nasal irritation or epistaxis.
C. Onset takes two to four hours.
D. They may cause a bitter aftertaste.
4. Which one of the following statements about popular weight-loss diets is correct? (check one)
A. Low-fat diets result in greater weight loss than low-carbohydrate diets.
B. The degree of adherence to the program correlates with the amount of weight lost.
C. The Atkins diet is not recommended because of safety concerns.
D. Commercial weight-loss programs are essential to self-managed weight loss.
5. Which one of the following statements about pharmacologic and surgical management of obesity is correct? (check one)
A. Sibutramine (Meridia) and orlistat (Xenical) are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration only for the short-term treatment of obesity.
B. Bariatric surgery has no impact on morbidity or mortality.
C. Bariatric surgery is recommended for patients with a body mass index of 30 kg per m2 or higher.
D. Orlistat is available without a prescription in a 60-mg dose.
E. Use of antiobesity medications appears to work better than intensive counseling in the long run.
6. Which of the following medications are associated with weight gain? (check all that apply)
A. Metformin (Glucophage).
C. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.
D. Atypical antipsychotics.
9. A six-month-old boy presents for a well-child examination. Which of the following are indications for screening for anemia? (check all that apply)
A. Low birth weight.
C. Consumption of more than 24 oz of cow’s milk per day.
D. Low socioeconomic status.