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History of Gangs. Beginning. India 1200 AD Gang of criminals that roamed the country pillaging towns along the way. American Gangs. New York City 1800’s New immigrants Formed gangs by country, ethnicity Irish Gangs: Whyos , Dead Rabbits, Plug Uglies Jewish Gangs: Monk Eastman.
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Beginning • India • 1200 AD • Gang of criminals that roamed the country pillaging towns along the way.
American Gangs • New York City • 1800’s • New immigrants • Formed gangs by country, ethnicity • Irish Gangs: Whyos, Dead Rabbits, Plug Uglies • Jewish Gangs: Monk Eastman
New York Five Points Gang • 1890’s to 1900’s • Led by Italian immigrant Paolo Vaccarelli aka Paul Kelly • Minor league to the Sicilian Mafia (La Cosa Nostra) • Al Capone was a notorious recruit. Became a member of the James Street Gang (minor leagues)
NY gangs • Fight each other for territory. • Before Civil War membership increased because of the corruption in Government.
Al Capone • Moved to Chicago in 1919 while being sought by authorities in NY on a Gang murder.
Time line • Mid 1800’s Chinese Gangs in NY • By end of 19th Century wore distinctive jackets and clothing • Mid 1920’s 1313 gangs in Chicago. 25,000 members • No ethnic or cultural ties • During Prohibition – made the term street gang popular – organized, ruthless • Botlegging, prostitution, gambling • Called Mobs • 1920-30’s increase in Hispanic Gangs in LA
Time line • Early 1940’s Mexican Gangs formed along the West Coast of U.S. • 1940’s and 50’s Latin Kings and Vice Lords in Chi-Town • 1960’s civil strife African American street gangs formed in Chicago, LA and NY. • Savage Skulls, La Familia, Savage Nomads • 1970’s Crips were so violent in LA that the Bloods formed to challenge them.
Time line • 1970’s and early 80’s Gangs formed national alliances → national drug networks • Late 80’s early 90’s drug importation from Southeast Asia and Colombia at its peak. • U.S. #1 drug consumer in the world. • Mid 90’s crime rate decreases but gang membership increases. Led to Supergangs
Gang Quiz • It is against the law to be a member of a gang? True or False • According to a Tennessee Statute, a gang is defined as ___________ or more people. • Of the seven identifiers listed in the statute, how many must a person have to be classified as a gang member? • List three reasons gangs use graffiti.
Gang Info. • Symbol of lower income neighborhoods. • African Americans, Asians and Hispanics made up most of the gangs. • Members are in the teens and twenties. • Dress codes and code names.
Gangs to choose from. • Bloods • Crips • MS-13 • Aryan Brotherhood • LaNuestraFamilia • 18th Street Gang • Black P(eace) Stone Nation • Latin Kings • Mexican Mafia • Hell’s Angels
Assignment • History of the gang. • Are members made up of a specific race or ethnic group? • Membership Hierarchy • Colors • Clothes • How do they become a member? • Where are they? Areas, cities, states, etc. • Any other relevant information.