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Gangs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gangs. Is it an issue?. What is a gang?. Gang: people who form groups closed to the general public, for certain common business or nonprofit purposes that may include violent criminal activity Gang experts say at least 21,500 gangs - with more than 731,000 members - are active nationwide.

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gangs

Gangs

Is it an issue?

what is a gang
What is a gang?

Gang: people who form groups closed to the general public, for certain common business or nonprofit purposes that may include violent criminal activity

Gang experts say at least 21,500 gangs - with more than 731,000 members - are active nationwide.

what s the issue
What’s the issue?

Teens in gangs are more likely to commit violent crimes

Factors: poverty, divorced families, alcohol and drug abuse, family history of gang involvement, an "us against them" mentality, previous violent and anti-social behavior.

groupthink
Groupthink

Groupthink is a term developed by Irving Janis, a psychologist.

It describes a process that happens to groups that cause them to make bad or irrational decisions. Members conform their own ideas to create group consensus.

groupthink1
Groupthink
  • Illusion of invulnerability
    • Unquestioned belief in morality of the group
    • Rationalization of group's decisions
    • Shared stereotypes of non-group members, particularly opponents
  • Illusion of unanimity
    • Self-censorship; members withhold criticisms
    • Self-appointed "mindguards" protect the group from negative information
    • Direct pressure on dissenters to conform