Unit Two. Hiroshima---the “liveliest” City in Japan. Outline . Part One Lead-in Part Two Background Information Part Three Writing Workshop Part Four Structural Analysis Part Five Questions for Detailed Studies of the Text Part Six Assignment . Part One Lead-in . Warming-up exercise:
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Hiroshima---the “liveliest” City in Japan
A. The following are pictures related to our text, please point out the words or phrases in the text that best describes them.
The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were nuclear attacks near the end of World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States at the executive order of U.S. PresidentHarry S. Truman on August 6 and August 9, 1945, respectively. After six months of intense fire-bombing of 67 other Japanese cities, followed by an ultimatum which was ignored by the Shōwa regime, the nuclear weapon "Little Boy" was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6, 1945,  followed on August 9 by the detonation of the "Fat Man" nuclear bomb over Nagasaki. These are to date the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare.
3)The Manhanttan Project: The United States, in collaboration with the United Kingdom and Canada, with their respective secret projects Tube Alloys and Chalk River Laboratories, designed and built the first atomic bombs under what was called the Manhattan Project. The scientific research was directed by American physicistJ. Robert Oppenheimer. The Hiroshima bomb, a gun-type bomb called "Little Boy", was made with uranium-235, a rare isotope of uranium. The atomic bomb was first tested at Trinity Site, on July 16, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The test weapon, "the gadget," and the Nagasaki bomb, "Fat Man," were both implosion-type devices made primarily of plutonium-239, a synthetic element.
In early July, on his way to Potsdam, Truman had re-examined the decision to use the bomb. In the end, Truman made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. His stated intention in ordering the bombings was to bring about a quick resolution of the war by inflicting destruction and instilling fear of further destruction in sufficient strength to cause Japan to surrender.
Explain the effect it achieved.
5. Do you notice any difference in tone between the first half of the story( the narrator’s arrival and the meeting the mayor) and the second( the interview with the patient in the atomic ward)? What does this difference suggest? And why the story is told in such a way?