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Isolation of

Isolation of. Phytophthora species. From Leaf Baits. Isolation from Leaf Baits. Use a selective medium P 5 ARPH-V8 , PARPH, PCH, P 10 VP, others Use CMA or CV8A as the basal medium avoid PDA—too rich, can be inhibitory CV8A has lots of advantages

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Isolation of

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  1. Isolation of Phytophthora species From Leaf Baits

  2. Isolation from Leaf Baits • Use a selective medium • P5ARPH-V8, PARPH, PCH, P10VP, others • Use CMA or CV8A as the basal medium • avoid PDA—too rich, can be inhibitory • CV8A has lots of advantages • promotes sporulation directly on isolation plate • Avoid acidified media and streptomycin • detrimental to Phytophthora & Pythium

  3. Isolation from Leaf Baits • Selective Medium Amendments • Hymexazol—key ingredient • prevents growth of most species of Pythium • adversely affects some species of Phytophthora • Pimaricin = Nystatin = Delvocid • anti-fungus antibiotic from actinomycete • light labile—keep out of light • Ampicillin [Sodium salt—disolves in water] • anti-bacterium antibiotic—inhibits gram+ bacteria • + Rifamycin-SV = Rifampin = Rifampicin • anti-bacterium antibiotic—inhibits gram- bacteria • PCNB: fungicide—inhibits many soilborne fungi

  4. Retrieving Leaf Baits • Keep samples moist—do not allow to dry out • use damp paper towels & plastic bags • Keep samples cool and dark • use an ice chest • avoid long periods in car trunks!

  5. Isolation from Baits • Wash tissue pieces in running tap water • Do not surface disinfest • some propagules may be on the surface • Blot dry to remove excess moisture • Use lots of small pieces: 5-6 per plate • Push pieces into the agar • need good contact between agar and tissue • Incubate in dark at cool temp (20 C or less) • growth in 2-3 days, watch for 7 days

  6. Isolation from Leaves

  7. P. ramorum Positive

  8. Isolate Storage • Medium—CMA or V8A • Containers—glass vials (8 ml) • make mini-slants or leave agar flat • use plugs in sterile distilled water • Use 2 vials/isolate—one dry, one mineral oil • Temperature—12-15 C best for all species • do not refrigerate—OK for P. ramorum • Duration—several years; up to 6 years • Keep records—spreadsheet, database

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