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Key Criteria/Principles in selecting indicators. Follow-up consultation on TFI Recommendations on Communication for EPI/Polio Dakar - Senegal, 05 and 07 April, 2008. Purpose. To help identify programme strengths and weaknesses To show trends over time. Principles.

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Key criteria principles in selecting indicators

Key Criteria/Principles in selecting indicators

Follow-up consultation on TFI Recommendations on Communication for EPI/Polio

Dakar - Senegal, 05 and 07 April, 2008


Purpose
Purpose

  • To help identify programme strengths and weaknesses

  • To show trends over time


Principles
Principles

  • Should be done in conjunction with other EPI monitoring

  • Integrate key agreed communication indicators to existing immunisation monitoring forms at all levels

  • Many other indicators specific to communication are tracked by communication specialists

  • Existence of a plan

  • Plan has clear objectives

  • Should define universe and denominator (for comparison). Indicator expressed as part of the universe


Principles 2
Principles (2)

  • Baseline needed

  • The usefulness of monitoring data is to show trends over time. Taking measures only once is not useful at all because there is no point of comparison.


Types of indicators to track
Types of Indicators to Track

  • INPUT: measure the quantity, quality and timeliness of resources provided/available for a project or programme e.g. funding; human resources; equipment; materials; or organizational capacity.

  • OUTPUT: measure activity implementation or immediate results.Tracking these indicators should be specific to what communication activities were planned.


Types of indicators to track 2
Types of Indicators to Track (2)

  • OUTCOME: measure results of communication activities eg behaviour change of caretakers and family, knowledge of caretakers, etc.

  • IMPACT: measure achievement ofprogramme objectives. Communication’s contribution can only be inferred because many other factors influence programme impact.


MONITORING(process evaluation)

EVALUATION(impact evaluation)

INPUTS

  • Staff

  • Funds

  • Facilities

  • Supplies

  • Other Resources

OUTPUTS

Immediate effects:

  • # staff trained

  • # community meetings organized

  • changes in knowledge and skills

  • # IEC materials produced

OUTCOMES

Short term effects:

IMPACT

Longer term changes in:

  • Behavior change

  • Attitude change

  • Policy change

  • Increased community contributions to programme

  • EPI coverage

  • Polio incidence

  • Social norms

  • Child health


Example - Briefing Religious Leaders

Input

Indicator

# of religious leaders willing to cooperate/

No briefed

Output

Indicator

# of religious leaders briefed/No in district

Outcome

Indicator

# of religious leaders who incorporated

messages in x% of their sermons/No briefed

Impact

Indicator

# of households who accept polio vaccination in their home


Example- IPC Training for HWs

Input

Indicators

-funding for training in place;

-trainers available

Output

Indicators

# of courses held; # of health workers trained; knowledge and skills acquired from training

Outcome

Indicators

-# of trained health workers who tell at least 80% of mothers when to return;

-mother’s knowledge after IPC

# of mothers who bring their child to the immunization session on time

Impact

Indicator


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