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Grammar Bootcamp. Commas. Rule Number 1. Use commas to set off a direct address Soldier, drop and give me 20! No crying for your mama, Marine! Practice #1 Place the comma in the correct place. We love Bootcamp Drill Sergeant Wilder! Recruits no grammar pain, no grammar gain.

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rule number 1
Rule Number 1
  • Use commas to set off a direct address
    • Soldier, drop and give me 20!
    • No crying for your mama, Marine!

Practice #1

  • Place the comma in the correct place.
    • We love BootcampDrill Sergeant Wilder!
    • Recruits no grammar pain, no grammar gain.
rule number 2
Rule Number 2
  • Use commas to separate items in a list or series
    • You recruits must focus on training, practicing, and applying these rules.
    • Bring your pencils, paper, and binders.

Practice #2

  • Place a comma in the correct place.
    • Recruits be prepared to write edit and revise.
rule number 3
Rule Number 3
  • Used to set off a non-essential appositive.
  • What is an appositive?
    • RENAMES a noun or pronoun (therefore it is another noun)
    • Drill Sergeant Wilder, a former college athlete, believes in the importance of discipline.
    • A taskmaster, D.S. Wilder makes the recruits practice, practice, practice!
practice 3
Practice #3
  • Place the commas in the correct place.
    • The recruit a young writer loves comma rules.
    • The officer praised the young soldier a corn-fed boy from Iowa.
    • A 23-year veteran Bill always got emotional when he heard “The Star Spangled Banner.”
rule number 4
Rule Number 4
  • Use commas to set off introductory phrases and clauses
  • Verbal phrases, prepositional phrases, dependent clauses
    • After the 10-mile run, the soldiers needed water. (prep)
    • While the drill sergeant yelled, the recruits held back tears. (dep. clause)
    • Stunned into silence, the recruits stared. (verbal phrase)
practice 4
Practice #4
  • Place the comma in the correct place.
    • Because grammar is so fun we want to do it every day.
    • Running in place the recruits warmed up.
    • In the morning your nightmare will begin.
rule number 5
Rule Number 5
  • Use commas with a divided quotation
  • The quotation is divided by referencing the speaker
    • “Eat your spinach,” shouted the major. “You need those vitamins!”
    • “Run up that hill,” yelled the captain, “and then back down again.”

Period at the end, after the reference, when what is before is a complete sentence.

“Shouted the major” interrupts the quotation; what is before the reference is a complete thought.

Use a comma on both sides of the reference when it occurs in the middle of the sentence.

and with a direct quotation
And with a direct quotation
  • “Bootcamp,” writes Major Brock Webster in his memoir, “was hard, but it was worth it.”
  • General Colin Powell once wrote, “There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, and learning from failure.”
practice 5
Practice #5
  • Place a comma in the correct place.
    • The recruit said “Mrs. Wilder has taken this whole Bootcamp thing way too seriously.”
    • “Many recruits” said Mrs. Wilder “would rather run in the heat of an Alabama summer than talk about grammar.”
    • “Get over it” said Mrs. Wilder. “Grammar is here to stay!”
let s take a break name that comma rule
Let’s Take a Break—Name that Comma Rule!
  • Electric Company- Comma Rule #??
    • That’ right! Comma Rule # 2
  • Electric Company-- Comma Rule #??
    • That’s right! Comma Rule # 5
rule number 6
Rule Number 6
  • Use a comma with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS, anyone?) to join to sentences together
    • You recruits must focus on training, and you must get plenty of rest.
    • Learning grammar can be difficult, but I know you can do it!
slide13
BUT….
  • DO NOT use with a compound verb
    • The recruits ate dinner, and went to bed.
      • Notice that the recruits are completing both of these actions. The second part of the sentence is not a complete thought; the verbs share a subject.
      • It is one sentence with two verbs.
    • CORRECT! The recruits ate dinner and went to bed.
practice 6
Practice #6
  • It is grammar time and we need to get started.
  • The soldier wrote to his parents and called home when he could.
  • We are running late so you need to hurry.